Summaries- tjjones123

Idea to Reduce Football Concussions

It seems counterintuitive that the way to stop concussions in football is to remove the players helmets.  Concussions in the NFL are rising over the years due to illegal hits and dangerous tackles.  

His idea is that players are throwing caution to the wind and making reckless behaviors because of the protection on their head.  The NFL could possibly soon allow players to run down the field trying to kill each other with no head protection.  There will no longer be concussion due to helmet to helmet collisions, however after every tackle there will be a head injury when they hit the ground.  

People feel that if this is passed the sport will no longer be the same, removing helmets will soon lead to rules about how hard they tackle someone or where they aim.  Soon after the NFL will turn into 2-hand-touch, or flag football it won’t be what we have all grown to love.  

The Cruelest Show on Earth

It seems counterintuitive that “The Greatest Show Ever” is held responsible for abusing and leading to innocent Elephants deaths.  These professional circus performers are supposed to be a family, however they saw their one member who wasn’t right and didn’t do the right things to help him.  

Elephants are one of the most intelligent animals on this earth.  Along with being intelligent they are often called the gentle giant, however they have been used in circus acts for years because of their intelligence but along with being in the shows they have been abused for years.  They were struck with bullhooks, electric shocks, and even whipped.  

In this particular incident, Kenny the elephant was doing a show when it was obvious that something was seriously wrong with him.  Despite his clear symptoms and issues, they neglected his care and pushed him to keep going until it got real bad.  When the veterinarian was brought in they chained him to his stall and 2 hours later his bloody body was found dead chained to his stall.

Giving Free Heroin

It seems counterintuitive that they are trying to stop the heroin epidemic by giving free heroin to addicts without consequences.  They made an area where these people can come and get free heroin, clean needles, and proper cleaning tools.  The goal is to clean the streets and get the drugs out of the area but they are handing out free samples.

Some of the people that got wrapped into this activity want to get clean, however with a clinic handing out drugs for free and clean so no diseases will be spread from the needles.  If they are handing out this substance that is ruled illegal why not just make drugs legal if u can get free drugs at this clinic.

In this study the people who are going to this place and using the free heroin say they can hold a job now, they feel as though they are clean because they aren’t getting the “street” stuff.  Because of this program people can go and get high for free with drugs that are illegal.  

Summaries- Doublea413

It seems counterintuitive that people are still investing in Bitcoin even though it’s essentially fake currency. A little over a year ago tons of people invested in a cryptocurrency called Bitcoin. It is a currency online that has little to no value, but somehow soared in sales a year ago. However, people are now catching on to the creators Tyler and Cameron Winklevoss. They say they are backed up by big names like the New York Stock exchange, but even that hasn’t helped the company to raise their prices.

At one point the bitcoin universe was worth about 3.5 billion, but since the price of shares has decreased. People are catching onto the fake currency and realizing that the money they are investing is just going to waste. Essentially, a Bitcoin is worth nothing and there is no point in investing in a fake currency.

There are so many downsides to investing in Bitcoin. People will invest and come out with nothing. People will trade Bitcoins for real items or they will essentially purchase illegal items with Bitcoins. It has become a market close to the Dark Web in some fashions and who can trust their money on there. Hackers everyday will take your invested money and you will never see it again. In the end, don’t invest your money in some silly fake start-up company that wont get you any profit just stick to real stocks and invest in the right things.


It seems counterintuitive that they would place a KFC and a Pizza Hut next to Sphinx, but companies try and find the best way to make money. In the video you see a Pizza Hut and a KFC located across from the Sphinx in Egypt. People just like me are definitely wondering why that is? The only logical explanation would be for marketing purposes. Having a big fast food chain located across from one of the greatest wonders of the World is great for business.

It seems messed up and definitely intruding that they would place such stores like that near the Sphinx. You should preserve the land of Egypt and the Sphinx. It just does not seem right of them to put such fast food places near a tourist destination.

As long as it brings in business though, the companies do not care. It almost seems counterintuitive for people to travel to Egypt to see the Sphinx and dine in at a fast food chain where you could get anywhere else. It is 100% a marketing tactic and the owners of the branches must do good business, but once again it just doesn’t seem right for people to eat there while visiting such an amazing location.


It seems counterintuitive that people slip and fall in the shower, but people die from that daily. Youll think to yourself, How dumb really are people? Actually you should get used to the saying though because older aged people die all the time due to slips and falls. I pesonally have helped up multiple older people in this neighborhood next to me on runs through the neighborhood. It happens all the time. Due to weak bones these older people will fall and it occurs the most in showers. You think that you take one shower a day or maybe even more. Bottom line you shower daily. All thopse times in the shower you are bound to fall at some point, because statitically people fall 1/1000m times in showers. All it takes it one stupid fall due to old age and we could lose a life.







Purposeful Summaries – picklerick

It seems counterintuitive that hospitals will chose to keep someone alive even when going against their patients’ wishes to accept death. To me, this practice is ethically wrong and should be changed. There comes a point in a person’s treatment where the cost and pain of recovery becomes too overbearing. All efforts of healing the patient become fruitless. The article mentions the fact that about one quarter of MedicRe payments are made in the final year of a patient’s life. This is absurd considering the amount of suffering said patient endures whilst going through the treatment. There are a few reasons hospitals may do this. They may be trying to obtain more money from their patients, or the patients’ families may be making these decisions for them. This just goes to show how small of an impact the actual patient has over their own life.

It seems counterintuitive that fantasising about your future is actually harmful to your level of motivation. This is due to the fact that when we fantasise, we often imagine our ideal outcome without taking into account the steps it takes to reach that outcome. This moves us to expect said outcome without making the necessary efforts needed to actually reach it. This article mentions how there is a big difference between expectation and fantasy. Expectation is based on past experiences, where fantasy is not. If we start realising what our true expectations are for our future, we may have an easier time taking steps to improve upon those expectations.

It seems counterintuitive that taking multivitamins would be bad for your health. These delicious gummies are supposed to be nothing but helpful, right? Well, it turns out that they are often useless in the average person’s diet. Most people get more than enough nutrients in their everyday diet, making making multivitanins a waste of money. This article refers to studies which actually link “excessive folic acid intake to lesions that can lead to colorectal cancers” (Butler, 1). With concerning studies like this, it’s probably better to go easy on the flinstone multivitamins.


Africa should screen Americans for measles

It seems counterintuitive that many people believe it is the poor affecting the main populations when it comes to viruses and diseases being spread. In fact, it is not those who cannot afford to have the resources of vaccination but those who are opposed to the subject.

To come to the United States immigrants have to present paperwork such as a visa as well as their medical records which hold vaccination reports. If these travelers do not provide any records then they must get vaccinated before coming into the country. with many resources such as free flu vaccines at pharmacies such as Walgreen the question is why is this still an issue. The problem is our rights as shocking as that sounds. To further explain because as citizens we have a right to refuse to vaccinate ourselves we are the ones creating the risk.

In colleges know they are making it mandatory to obtain vaccinations if you would like to live on campus without it you will be refused housing. so the question is raised why don’t people want to get vaccinated? Well for most they believe it is unsafe and holds a large amount of other toxins. the truth is infants as well as adults run a great risk and these vaccines are mostly made up of water with antigens. although the side affects are there and there is an eighty five to ninety five percent chance it works it is worth it. we should all get vaccinated to stop the risk of infecting others and having to spend a large sum of money to get cured.

Is This Photo Ethical?

It seems counterintuitive that taking photos of disasters happening may be ethical. The fact of the matter is that that in today society money holds a great power of morality. Many people make it their jobs to take pictures and videos for news companies sch as Fox and ABC. at a certain point where is the line crossed of what right and what is wrong.

Is having a crowd of photographers taking a pictures of a young, 15 year old Haitian girl as she takes her last breath acceptable; just to display a story for the evening news. In my opinion Yes it is unethical. this girl was shot on accident by police officials now everyone has to see her lifeless corpse. At a certain point a story can raise awareness without having all the gruesome effects of seeing this tragedies through media. think about how the family would feel seeing her photos posted everywhere. having to be reminding of that specific day and be able to see in.

The reasons I find it disrespectful is most of these news photographers are not in it for the story but for the money. They travel to different countries getting thousands of photos each week for profit. The sad part is none of the families of the victims will ever see a dollar. what is even worst is most people wont find it a memorable story without this explicit media.

Elephant abuse

it is counterinutive to think that a famous circus of  performers and is said to be one of the greatest shows on earth meant for families does not treat each one of their own as family. the Ringling Bros have been one of the most popular circus’ around. they attracted thousands with acrobats, clowns,and exotic animals. what made them special was their theme of family.

Elephants are one of the most largest and friendliest mammals. they are quite intelligent animals and have served in many circus acts. animal abuse with circus’ have been going on for a long time. overtime these circus’ started to fall once word got out. In today’s society they’re rare. What was found was worst these so called family acts trained such lovable friendly creatures by instilling them with fear and punishment. They used whips, electric shocks and even bullhooks to ensure their commands were met.

Kenny was an a Elephant at the Ringling bros circus he died like many after being ignored treatment by his owners. Kenny deserved justice like many elephants. He deserved to have someone speak for him. He deserved to be free. No animal should have to pay with their lives just because of profit. Its up to us to make a change and not allow for these atrocities to happen.


1. Men Defining Rape: A History

It seems counterintuitive that throughout the course of history, men have defined rape and established laws and punishments based on their definitions. However, in reality, it is primarily women who were being affected by those laws and punishments. The Code of Hammurabi, which was written in about 1780 B.C., defines rape in a way that favors the rapist over the victim. The current Republican party today still attempts to define rape in a way that favors the rapist.

2. Cute, Sexy, Sweet, Funny

It seems counterintuitive that we are wired to perceive things a certain way; they are not intrinsically that way. We only find a food to be sweet because our brains have been wired to find the food to be sweet. The food is not inherently sweet.

3. How Mom’s Death Changed My Thinking About End-of-Life Care

It seems counterintuitive that most of the costs of healthcare are spent at the end of a person’s life on often futile efforts to keep a person alive. In actuality, many people would prefer that their loved ones were allowed to die peacefully rather than be told that another likely ineffective method could be tried.


  1. The Power of the Placebo Effect

It seems counterintuitive that a fake treatment can be more effective than a treatment with active ingredients. Though placebos are mostly used in pharmaceutical studies, they can also be used to determine the relationship between mind and body.

A big part of the placebo effect working is that the person giving you the treatment looks professional and reliable, i.e. wearing a white lab coat. If somebody on the street gave you a placebo pill, telling you it was an actual pill that would have a certain effect on your body, it may not work due to skepticism.

Not many people realize that the mind and body are connected and work together, or many people forget. The placebo effect proves it to be true because though there are no active ingredients and it still shows positive results.

2. The Placebo Phenomenon

It seems counterintuitive that you can take a placebo and feel the effects and still not be able to cure the disease/disorder at hand. There is no real explanation why this happens.

There needs to be more information and research put into the placebo effect. It is not developed enough to be used in clinical practice. Once placebos progress enough to be utilized, treatments will be a lot safer. Overprescribing of medicines will be eradicated as well as the side effects of a normal pill/injection/etc. Costs will be much lower for treatment.

Rather than studying medicine, we can study the mind and how it works along with the body. Once we figure out how to use a placebo effectively, we may have access to treatments outside of health care facilities and professionals.

3.The Debate over the Placebo Effect

It seems counterintuitive that we should take a pill that does not cure our illness. It is not logical to take something that will only temporarily alleviate our symptoms.

Taking a placebo and then finding out that it is a placebo will probably end up in the feeling of betrayal. The person finding out that their medicine is actually inactive can lose trust in the health care system going forward. Also, if the placebo does not work and they continue getting sicker, it can take more active medicine and treatments to get the illness to slow down. This is just the exact opposite of the point of placebos.



Summaries- UgandanKnuckles

“Do Tom’s Shoes Really Help People?”- Kiera Butler

It seems counterintuitive that organizations like “Toms Shoes” and others try to help impoverished countries by having a “buy one, give one” event. Companies use this method to make people feel good about splurging and buying something more expensive, but despite the apparent benefit of sending food or clothing to countries that may seem to need them, most of those countries don’t need them at all.

For example, in Ethiopia, where some of the shoes go, children need to have shoes to go to school. However, students get the shoes from the organizations in school. This means that only students who already have shoes get a pair of shoes from these organizations.

The problems presented by these organizations extends even into the marketplace. When tsunami hit Indonesia in 2006, donations came in from different organizations to the locations affected. Instead of actually helping the locals, they created an excess of food. Farmers inland experienced competition and lost out on profit due to the free rice that people were taking instead. After a while, treatment like this from these organizations and volunteers can spoil those helped, and create a reliance on them instead of those countries governments.

Thankfully, some organizations are avoiding these issues by working alongside communities. Some companies are also donating things that children and people in impoverish communities actually need like glasses and meals to impoverished children. It’s tough to figure out ways that buy-one-give-one companies can donate to communities effectively, but at least they’re raising awareness.

Do Toms Shoes Really Help People?


“Do Multivitamins Really Work?”- Kiera Butler

It seems counterintuitive that people take multivitamins to stay healthy, when in actuality the benefits are almost nonexistent. In some cases, it can even be dangerous. In most cases, people in first world countries get the right amount of nutrition from the food they eat during the day, making multivitamins superfluous.

Many manufacturers claim that multivitamins can help prevent chronic illnesses, but similar studies done on postmenopausal women in 2009 and 2011 yielded results that said it had no effect at all. Another often cited study states that people who take vitamins are actually more likely than people who don’t take vitamins to reach their daily nutritional goals from the food they eat anyway.

In some cases, multivitamins can even have some harmful effects. Several studies even found that excessive folic acid intake with lesions that can lead to colorectal cancers. The elderly become more at risk for heart disease since the extra iron they get from the vitamin isn’t needed in their system. Pregnant women even increase their risk of birth defects if they’re not careful about what kind of multivitamins they take.

Not all companies are honest with their statements, either. a recent analysis found that 60 common multivitamins had misleading information on their bottles. Federal health officials recommend that kids who are picky eaters and people with anorexia take multivitamins, but many nutritionists also recommend that people take multivitamins- even if they don’t need them. My best recommendation is to just save money by not buying multivitamins all together.

Do Multivitamins Really Work?


“The Cruelest Show On Earth”- Deborah Nelson

It seems counterintuitive that a circus act is titled “The Greatest Show on Earth.” Elephants are historically one of everyone’s favorite acts, as they are intelligent animals that are capable of performing stupendous feats. However, they require a lot of care. Care that a lot of circus groups are not adequately providing.

Federal regulations state that sick elephants have to be checked by a veterinarian and then given the okay before performing again. In the case talked about by Deborah Nelson, an Elephant named Kenny was mistreated in this way. He had been showing signs of ailment for a couple days prior, and had not been properly seen by a veterinarian by the time it was time for him to perform. Throughout the course of the day, he developed diarrhea, bleeding, and weakness in his legs. Only after a circus veterinarian saw him that afternoon was he dismissed from the evening show- or at least that would have been the case. Ringling Bros overruled him Kenny was forced to perform a third time, but didn’t do any stunts.

The story goes from bad to worse for Kenny, as the bleeding continued after the show. After being given water and being shackled to his stall, he was found dead hardly two hours later by a night attendant. Elephants are beautiful and intelligent creatures that deserve just as much respect and positive treatment as any human performer or any living being, really.

The Cruelest Show on Earth