BEGIN THE ONE HOUR EXERCISE
- “Charles Marmar, a New York University professor who was on the team of the National Vietnam Veterans Readjustment Study, the most comprehensive study of combat stress ever conducted, points out that you really have to spend the money to treat PTSD since the costs of not treating it are so much higher.”
- “the most comprehensive study of combat stress ever conducted” indicates the incredulous weight and the number of resources allocated to conducting this study.
- “points out you really have to spend money to treat PTSD” indicates the idea that earlier low cost/resources treatments were ineffective in treating PTSD.
- “ “Stress-related health problems—cardiovascular, immunologic. Heart attacks, stroke, and even dementia. Residential rehab programs, and motor vehicle accidents because people with PTSD self-medicate and crash cars; the cost of domestic violence; the cost of children and grandchildren of combat vets witnessing domestic violence. The treatment and compensation disability programs have cost billions. And the costs of the untreated are probably in the tens of billions. They’re enormous.” ”
- A categorical claim, it groups all the costs of PTSD into health and side effects.
- Billions: The word “billions” is used to compare the whole severity of how much untreated PTSD costs, painting a picture of just how expensive it is.
- Enormous: Similar to “billions”, paints an image of how big and expansive the roots and branches of PTSD goes into.
- “Experts say it’s nearly impossible to calculate what treating PTSD from Vietnam has and will cost American taxpayers, so vast are its impacts.”
- “Experts say it’s nearly impossible to calculate” states the severity that those with expansive knowledge on the issue cannot accurately calculate the cost of the effects of PTSD.
- “…and while no one is sure what PTSD among them will ultimately cost us, either, everyone agrees on one thing: If it’s not effectively treated, it won’t go away.”
- “Everyone agrees on one thing”, a generalization is made with no data to support it. Some may think it would go away as time goes on.
- “Vietnam vets still make up the bulk of Danna’s clients—though she is assisting traumatized men who served in World War II, in the early years of which half the medical disability discharges were psychiatric, and some of those men still show up at Danna’s office and cry, and cry, and cry.”
- “Vietnam vets still make up the bulk of Danna’s clients–though she is assisting traumatized men who served in World War II,” indicates the time differences between her two types of clients, that time isn’t the answer to treating PTSD.
- “…cry, and cry, and cry.” Repetition of words that indicate or stress the heavy emotional aspect that stricken veterans post-war for long periods.
- “The chaplain assured him that he shouldn’t feel bad about killing gooks, but the chaplain was paid by the Army, and who took moral advice from a chaplain carrying a .38?”
- “Back at home, Steve drank wildly. He waged war with his wife, attempted to work odd jobs where he had as little contact with humans as possible.”
END ONE HOUR EXERCISE