White Paper—Killroy

1. Working Hypothesis 1

The Prohibition was created outlaw alcohol but boosted illegal activity helping to create the sport of NASCAR.

1a. Working Hypothesis 2

The Prohibition was created to outlaw alcohol, but boosted illegal activity and also helped lay the foundation for modified cars.

2. Topics for Smaller Papers

Those papers would be based around my research paper. I would like to write about topics that would provide me indirectly with information and resources to produce a well written paper. The smaller papers would form a better background on my research paper. 

Definition/Classification Argument

The American Prohibition was enacted in the year 1920 and would last until 1933. The eighteenth amendment was enacted to enforce the restriction of alcoholic beverages. This included liquor and beer products. At the time these products were in high demand, since it is a major part of society, its iconic and everyone for the most part enjoys them. This being said, the market would go from legal to illegal very quickly. The black market would supply these products to people who were willing to pay. In the big cities, the alcohol trafficking was done mostly by gangsters. These gangsters would form organizations and create bars and clubs. Being a very lucrative business and highly illegal, the police would step in and shut them done. Eventually the businesses went “underground”. Alcohol trafficking was a great way to make money doing this time, assuming the person would not get caught. Cars were in demand being the new thing. The transportation of goods went from horse and wagon to the automobile. During this time many alcohol products would be brought in by cars or trucks and sold to the public “under the table”. Eventually this would be found out by the police and the transportation of goods this way had to be more crafty. This would lead to the  modification of these automobiles. Having a car or truck that could evade the police for the most part fixed this issue. This, some may say, laid the foundation for the beginning of NASCAR, and modification of cars.

The black market at this time was highly lucrative, being that large amounts of money could be made extremely fast. In essence the black market would jump start the illegal activity of many during this era.

The transition from the nineteenth to the twentieth century was widely apparent. Cities grow to record sizes and the people changed for the good and bad. During the roaring twenties, some people acted on this black market, either adding to it or trying to “bust” it. The people who wanted to control this surge of money were primarily the big time gangsters in these huge cities. Cities like Chicago, New York City, Boston, ect. Gangsters back then are nothing like the ones of today. They had class, but also thought on their feet. One of the most famous ones from this time period was Al Capone, working in the mid west. Since the distribution of any alcoholic product was outlawed aside from medical use, it would be harder and harder to sell it. The gangsters of this time thought of extremely clever ways to make money and ensure their customers had what they wanted. The creation of “underground” bars and clubs would begin. Theses types of clubs and bars would be known as speak easy. These clubs would be hidden and passwords would be used for access. People had fun, and the gangsters made money. It was a win win.

Alcohol was used as medicine back in this time period. Doctors could proscribe the alcohol for specific ailments. When the eighteenth amendment was established, the medical field created special cars so that alcohol could be given for the people that needed it. Some doctors looking to make money would sell these cards filled out for the people who bought them. They would take these cards and purchase the outlawed alcohol.

Cars were a new thing in the 1920’s. They would be used more than horse and wagon for the simple reason of practicality. During this time many saw the automobile as a money making machine. Originally the use of car and truck was new to the public, since they became widely available at this time, they were used for anything, especially transportation of alcohol. What started out as moving illegal goods became much more. Eventually the police would catch on to this, and many people would fall victim to the black market craze. Humans are always learning, so people began to devise ways to modify their cars. They would make them faster. The cars would be modified to outrun the police and help cut down on the “busts”.

The foundation of NASCAR and other sports like it would be laid during this era. People began modify cars not only to evade the police but to race. This would give birth to a whole new sport that many enjoy. The story goes, that the moonshiners down in the southern states would get together and race their moded cars. After the Prohibition, the races would continue and eventually be recognized as a sport.

People never think of the other counties that benefited from the American Prohibition. Canada, and Mexico gained the most wealth. The countries citizens would either produce or distribute alcohol across the United States border. During the winter, the great lakes would freeze and cars would be able to drive over them with the alcoholic goods. The Mexico/ American border was not as built up as it is today, so trafficking was easier. People would bring over the products through customs or drive over. Both countries used ships to smuggle the alcoholic goods also. The products would be hidden and taken out when they reached their destination. The nations themselves did not benefit from this, BUT, the their citizens did.

Cause/Effect Argument

The American Prohibition boosted illegal activity, and created NASCAR.

Fast cars and alcohol are one hell of a combination. During the 1920’s and into the 1930’s, America instituted the 18th Amendment, it was a time of peace but illegal activity thrived. The 18th Amendment outlawed the sale and consumption of alcoholic beverages in the United States. This did not stop the average people at this time from continuing this practice. In a nut shell, illegal activity thrived and with the use of modified cars, NASCAR would be created.

Many aspects contributed to the boost in illegal activity during the Prohibition. At the time people realized that large amounts of profit could be made at the time. Alcohol was in demand, and people did almost everything to get it.

The gangsters from the 1920’s and 1930’s are some of the most iconic people of the time. Those people set the bar for the black market in the United States. The gangsters were able to control most of the alcoholic distribution and sales in the large cities. This was highly illegal but sales were crazy. Gangsters kept generating new ideas on how to profit from this amendment.

Doctors would jump on the bandwagon as well. The medical field was not subject to the alcohol ban because that is used widely within the practice. Doctors would be able to profit from the amendment because they would be paid off to write prescriptions. This again was highly illegal and generated large sums of money.

With the high demand for the illegal drinks, transportation of the alcohol for sale would evolve from simple transportation to the use of the newly adapted automobile. Cars were a new thing at this time. They were beginning to be widely used and it transformed the transportation system. The American Prohibition helped create NASCAR because the cars used were modified. The cars were made to be faster then the police and made to handle better as well. Eventually the people who illegally transported the alcohol would begin to race the cars they modified. This would lay the foundation for NASCAR, since it is a sport based on racing high performance cars. The engines were modified along with taking out unnecessary weight.

Essentially, the prohibition boosted illegal activity within the United States and with that created one of America’s greatest sports.

Rebuttal Argument

Outlawing the sale and consumption of alcohol may have created fast cars but also may have just been part of an era of change. Fast cars were around before in other countries in the world, but did they start car racing? 

3. Current State of the Research Paper

I feel very confident with my paper so far. The topic has come a long way since my creation of it a few weeks ago. The paper is starting to take shape and I should end up with a nice result. 

 

Sources are in previous posts for information used.

Definition Argument—Killroy513

NASCAR, Possible Origins

The American Prohibition was enacted in the year 1920 and would last until 1933. The eighteenth amendment was enacted to enforce the restriction of alcoholic beverages. This included liquor and beer products. At the time these products were in high demand, since it is a major part of society, its iconic and everyone for the most part enjoys them. This being said, the market would go from legal to illegal very quickly. The black market would supply these products to people who were willing to pay. In the big cities, the alcohol trafficking was done mostly by gangsters. These gangsters would form organizations and create bars and clubs. Being a very lucrative business and highly illegal, the police would step in and shut them done. Eventually the businesses went “underground”. Alcohol trafficking was a great way to make money doing this time, assuming the person would not get caught. Cars were in demand being the new thing. The transportation of goods went from horse and wagon to the automobile. During this time many alcohol products would be brought in by cars or trucks and sold to the public “under the table”. Eventually this would be found out by the police and the transportation of goods this way had to be more crafty. This would lead to the  modification of these automobiles. Having a car or truck that could evade the police for the most part fixed this issue. This, some may say, laid the foundation for the beginning of NASCAR, and modification of cars.

The black market at this time was highly lucrative, being that large amounts of money could be made extremely fast. In essence the black market would jump start the illegal activity of many during this era.

The transition from the nineteenth to the twentieth century was widely apparent. Cities grow to record sizes and the people changed for the good and bad. During the roaring twenties, some people acted on this black market, either adding to it or trying to “bust” it. The people who wanted to control this surge of money were primarily the big time gangsters in these huge cities. Cities like Chicago, New York City, Boston, ect. Gangsters back then are nothing like the ones of today. They had class, but also thought on their feet. One of the most famous ones from this time period was Al Capone, working in the mid west. Since the distribution of any alcoholic product was outlawed aside from medical use, it would be harder and harder to sell it. The gangsters of this time thought of extremely clever ways to make money and ensure their customers had what they wanted. The creation of “underground” bars and clubs would begin. Theses types of clubs and bars would be known as speak easy. These clubs would be hidden and passwords would be used for access. People had fun, and the gangsters made money. It was a win win.

Alcohol was used as medicine back in this time period. Doctors could proscribe the alcohol for specific ailments. When the eighteenth amendment was established, the medical field created special cars so that alcohol could be given for the people that needed it. Some doctors looking to make money would sell these cards filled out for the people who bought them. They would take these cards and purchase the outlawed alcohol.

Cars were a new thing in the 1920’s. They would be used more than horse and wagon for the simple reason of practicality. During this time many saw the automobile as a money making machine. Originally the use of car and truck was new to the public, since they became widely available at this time, they were used for anything, especially transportation of alcohol. What started out as moving illegal goods became much more. Eventually the police would catch on to this, and many people would fall victim to the black market craze. Humans are always learning, so people began to devise ways to modify their cars. They would make them faster. The cars would be modified to outrun the police and help cut down on the “busts”.

NASCAR is a sport that involves the racing of modified cars around a track two hundred times, whoever comes in first at the last lap wins first place. The cars are heavily maintained and need extensive care to operate. The drivers are highly skilled and learn how to adapt to any situation that may occur. Many men have died in this sport, being one of the most dangerous. The car crashes can result in the drivers being severely hurt or dying on impact. With a fast car comes modifications, the cars in NASCAR travel extremely fast due to the extensive changes made. Most of the car is taken out and the bare minimum is left. This makes the car faster.

The engine is one of the most important parts of a car. It makes it actually drive. There are a vast amount of modifications that can be done to an engine to achieve its full amount of horse power. Horse power is a unit of measurement that is based on five hundred and fifty pounds a second. The cars back in the day are nothing like the cars of today but like all cars, they have an engine. The cars were modified back in the day by ripping the old engine out and putting a more powerful one in or changing the parts used. Most of the time, the bigger the engine the faster a car will go. With that being said, cars were stripped down for weight reduction and equipped with larger engines.

The foundation of NASCAR and other sports like it would be laid during this era. People began to modify cars not only to evade the police but to race. This would give birth to a whole new sport that many enjoy. The story goes, that the moonshiners down in the southern states would get together and race their moded cars. After the Prohibition, the races would continue and eventually be recognized as a sport.

People never think of the other counties that benefited from the American Prohibition. Canada, and Mexico gained the most wealth. The countries citizens would either produce or distribute alcohol across the United States border. During the winter, the great lakes would freeze and cars would be able to drive over them with the alcoholic goods. The Mexico/ American border was not as built up as it is today, so trafficking was easier. People would bring over the products through customs or drive over. Both countries used ships to smuggle the alcoholic goods also. The products would be hidden and taken out when they reached their destination. The nations themselves did not benefit from this, BUT, the their citizens did.

 

Work Cited

“Prohibition in Canada.” Smuggling, Bootlegging and Speakeasies, prohibitionincanada.blogspot.com/p/smuggling-bootegging-and-something.html.

Sandbrook, Dominic. “How Prohibition backfired and gave America an era of gangsters and speakeasies.” The Guardian, Guardian News and Media, 25 Aug. 2012, http://www.theguardian.com/film/2012/aug/26/lawless-prohibition-gangsters-speakeasies.

McElroy, Ryan. “The story of how moonshiners created the performance car.” Car Keys, Car Keys, 31 Oct. 2017, http://www.carkeys.co.uk/news/the-story-of-how-moonshiners-created-the-performance-car.

“History of the Roaring Twenties.” Prohibition and the Speakeasies, theroaringtwentieshistory.blogspot.com/2010/06/prohibition-and-speakeasies.html.

Gambino, Megan. “During Prohibition, Your Doctor Could Write You a Prescription for Booze.” Smithsonian.com, Smithsonian Institution, 7 Oct. 2013, http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/during-prohibition-your-doctor-could-write-you-prescription-booze-180947940/.

“Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 4 Dec. 2017, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eighteenth_Amendment_to_the_United_States_Constitution.

Untitled Document, http://www.laits.utexas.edu/jaime/cwp4/esg/smugglehistory.html.

“Black market.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 4 Dec. 2017, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_market.

Thompson, Neal. Driving with the devil: southern moonshine, Detroit wheels, and the birth of Nascar. Three Rivers Press, 2007.

Okrent, Daniel. Last call: the rise and fall of Prohibition. Scribner, 2011.

Safer Saws- Killroy513

http://fcir.org/2013/05/16/power-tool-industry-circles-the-wagons-as-disabling-saw-injuries-mount/

11A. “Each year, more than 67,000 U.S. workers and do-it-yourselfers suffer blade contact injuries, according to government estimates, including more than 33,000 injuries treated in emergency rooms and 4,000 amputations.”-Myron Levin

11B. The claim is saying that 67,000 people are injured a year, 4,000 where amputees.

11C. The claim is factual and is based on statistics taken.

11D. The claim is backed up by the group fairwarning, a organization that investigates for public health and safety.

11E. I agree with the claim provided because it is factual based and is coming from a good source. the statistic used are backed up within the post itself.

 

http://toolguyd.com/sawstop-bosch-reaxx-table-saw-lawsuit/

9A. “They contend that Bosch, and their new ReaXX table saw, which also features flesh-detection and blade brake technology, is infringing on SawStop’s patented inventions.”- Mr. Gass.

9B. The claim states that the creator of the technology is suing a rival company for infringing on the patented design.

9C. The claim is factual because it is Gass who is suing the company because of the patented design.

9D. The claim is backed up because Gass is a lawyer and that it is his company who is involved with a lawsuit with Bosch.

9E. I agree with this claim because if I were Gass, I would sue the other company. This claim is backed by the creator of the product.

 

https://www.cpsc.gov/PageFiles/123115/tenenbaum10052011.pdf

7A. “I was moved by what I heard from the victims of these injuries, whose lives were changed forever, due to one split-second miscalculation while using a table saw.”

7B. The claim states that the lives of the injured were changed forever because of a miscalculation.

7C. The claim is opinionated because it talks about how it was a miscalculation and not human error.

7D. The claim is opinionated as said, it is only backed by the logic behind one being injured and that they can not do everyday tasks that were effected by the injury.

7E. I agree with this claim because being hurt can effect a lot of things.

 

http://www.npr.org/2011/06/18/137258370/if-table-saws-can-be-safer-why-arent-they

1A. “They came back and said, ‘Well, we’ve looked at it, but we’re not interested because safety doesn’t sell,’ ” Gass says.

1B. The claim states that the industries refused the safety product because safety does not sell.

1C. The claim is an opinion because no facts or evidence is used to back up this argument.

1D. The claim is backed by the rival industries opinions on how product that are cheaper sell more rather than a product that can save people from horrible injuries.

1E. I disagree with this claim because of how it is not backed up by facts. In my opinion I would buy a product that is safer to use than just the standard one. This is because I would not want to risk any horrible injury that would put difficulties into my life.

 

http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2013/05/table-saw-sawstop-safety-finger-cut/

3A. “A man took an Oscar Meyer wiener and pushed it into the blade of a table saw spinning 4,000 times per minute. As the hot dog touched the whirring saw, the blade came to a dead stop in about three one-thousandths of a second, leaving the dog with only a minor nick. ”

3B. The claim is that the safe saw is a better alternative to the standard saw. It is demonstrated and proven effective.

3C. The claim is factual based on the fact that the experiment was carried out and documented.

3D. The claim goes along with the known proposal that the safe saw works and is highly effective on its design to protect the user.

3E. I agree with the claim because it is a controlled experiment that was documented to prove the effectiveness of the product.

 

Proposal+5—Killroy513

*** I need to find a few book sources***

 

Topic: Prohibition.

Thesis: The Prohibition was started to outlaw alcohol but boosted illegal activity helping to create the sport of NASCAR.

My topic is not one of the average topics listed by my peers. The topic is about how during the American Prohibition, the outlaw of alcohol was in place, it was impossible to get any kind of liquor or beer. This would boost illegal activity from gangs forming in the major cities, to alcohol runners. The Alcohol runners were men that smuggled alcohol in modified cars that could max the speed limit. These cars were built to run from the cops.

https://www.theguardian.com/film/2012/aug/26/lawless-prohibition-gangsters-speakeasies

This source indicates how the laws set in place for the legalization of alcohol did not work. It explains how gangsters became popular and how more illegal activity had commenced. It goes from the beginning of the amendment to its end.

It proves that illegal activities increased when the laws were enacted. These gangsters would run cities. The most well known of the gangsters was Al Capone. He owned Chicago.

https://www.carkeys.co.uk/news/the-story-of-how-moonshiners-created-the-performance-car

This source explains how alcohol smugglers would modify their cars so they can outrun the police. Basically this is how the performance cars were first created and how science and skill perfected these cars.

It proves that the prohibition had a mark on modified cars and sparked the interest of a whole new movement. This movement would age into one of Americas coolest sports, NASCAR.

http://theroaringtwentieshistory.blogspot.com/2010/06/prohibition-and-speakeasies.html

This source shows that illegal activity boosted with these laws in place. The links talks about how secret bars were created in towns and cities so that the people could still drink. Passwords and other forms of identification were used to keep the bars running. Music and liquor was the most important part of these bars. In big cities many gangsters created these bars and generated a ton of money from them.

This proves that the laws did not really work and boosted the illegal business of U.S. citizens. Many broke the law because it ruined the lives of small town business but also helped make many very wealthy.

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/during-prohibition-your-doctor-could-write-you-prescription-booze-180947940/

This source explains how doctors during the prohibition would break the rules and proscribe their patients with alcohol. The source indicates that many doctors would prescribe people with this so they could get alcohol. This in turn would be illegal.

This proves that the medical profession also was against the law and broke the law.

http://prohibitionincanada.blogspot.com/p/smuggling-bootegging-and-something.html

This source shows that a lot of the alcohol that was used in the United States was bootlegged from Canada. The modified cars were used to smuggled these drinks over the border in the winter time. These men would drive over the lakes to make a profit. ships were also used as well. Many shipments were hidden.

This proves that other nations benefited off the law that lasted an era. People would break the law and commit illegal acts to make a profit. Business was good, and the rick was worth the reward. These cars were the great grandfathers to today’s NASCAR cars.

Visual Rewrite— Killroy513

0:01- A dark grey or black colored CJ-7 Jeep shows up on screen. It is sporting a spare tire. The driver is wearing a large black hat and warm cloths. The soft top is off of the Jeep but it looks cold out. A sticker with an ape is on the back next to the spare tire. The sky is gloomy and the person is going off roading. It is either later in the day or early in the morning based on the sky.

0:03- The film cuts to the front windshield looking out on the hood. On the center mirror, a bigfoot cut out is hung. The Jeep is going over bumps because the cut out is swinging.

0:04- The Jeep is confirmed to be a CJ-7 based on the head lights it sports. Their is stock fog lights on the bumper and the licence plate is white with black lettering. The plate reads BF-THR. The Jeep is completely stock except for the ugly chrome windshield hinges. The woods is gloomy and a light bit of fog is rolling across the ground.

0:05- The camera angle is above the Jeep. The Jeep is a manual 5 speed without the center council. The shifter nob is black and its in 3rd gear. That means it is not moving fast, at most 35mph. On the stock bucket seat, there is a map, a pair of binoculars, and an iphone. In the passenger floor well, are a pair of dirty work gloves. The floor well does not appear to be rusted out, a typical problem with this Jeep model. The Jeep seems to be in good condition.  The driver is wearing warm cloths. A message comes up on the screen of the phone.

0:10- The camera is acting as the eyes of the driver. The driver looks down at this phone and unlocks it to view the message. He does not seem to look up while driving. Being unsafe.

0:14- The Jeep is barreling down the trail and the leaf springs on the Jeep and the shocks are pretty stiff. Meaning that they were replaced not to long ago. The driver is looking down at his phone not paying attention. A hairy creature walks out in front of the Jeep dodging the SUV.

0:16- The driver types a message on his Iphone, not paying attention to the trail.

0:17- The driver looks forward, watching the road. He did not see the hairy creature. He missed the encounter with whatever the creature was.

0:18-  A message appears on the screen, “Just enough time to miss bigfoot”

0:20 Bigfoot walks infront of the screen as the Jeep continues to drive down the path.

0:23 “And so much more” comes up on the screen.

The purpose of this video is to show that a lot of things can happen or be missed when using a cellphone while driving.  The producer of the video shows how being distracted can effect ones life in may ways.

Stone Money Rewrite—Killroy513

Money is one of the most important things in this world.  It makes the world go round. There is many different forms of money used around the world, its value is recognized by its significance. In Europe, the currency for one and two euro are coins while in the United States of America, the one dollar is paper. Many nations use different forms of currency, and the internet is no exception. The bit coin is used for trading and purchasing goods.

In economics, money is refer to as capital. This capital is spent by consumers and business and creates an economy. The economy fluctuates by how much capital is put into it, and by how much imported products are brought into the economy. The Yap simplified this economic system.

The Yap people’s currency is made up of lime stone rocks carved into cylinders. These rocks would be decorated and customized for whoever had them made. These stones, being huge in size, would not move from its final placement. The Yap people relied on word of mouth for financial records. This is almost like today’s modern credit system. Our credit system is based on invisible money that appears electronically.

Currency can be anything, as long as it has value to whomever wants it. In the past money was made of rare metals. Gold was the most saute after currency since it does not really loose its value. Most countries used gold to back their paper currency. The United States of America used gold to back the currency all the way up to the 1930’s. During the Great Depression, America suffered. Its economic growth dived to the pits. The once great economic power lost its way. Foreign countries became scared. They did not want to risk the money they had tied up. Many countries wanted to insure their assets would be secured. France being the first of them, wanted to secure its credit in gold. The United States dived the French shares. Eventually this would change. The gold would not be used to back the currency’s value, instead the government regulated the value based on the economy. Essentially this would start the modern day system of credit.

Inflation is good and bad for an economy.  To much inflation is bad because it discredits the moneys worth. Prices for everyday goods would jump. An example of this is Brazil. It had to much inflation and no one had money to buy the things they need. People would live paycheck to paycheck.  Basic items would cost a tremendous amount of money because of the lack of value in the currency. A new currency was introduced. Eventually the currency was changed and the economy leveled out. Products and services would then have normal prices. This made it better for the Brazilian people because they could live in a society that was “on their side” and made the way of life better.

Another example of how to much inflation destroys an economy is Germany after World War 1. The German nation after one of the most horrific wars of the twentieth century suffered economically and their reputation disappeared. Germany was blamed for the start of the war and many countries sought after reprisals because of it. At the time Germany was forced to pay large amounts of money to all the countries involved in the conflict. This shocked their economy and inflation began. The German people thought that printing more money would solve the problem. This is what caused their economy to collapse and sent the nation into a depression. Eventually Germany would fix their economy but in the end create another world war.

It is sad to say, but war either leads to a booming economy or a crumbling one. It is not good either way because of the events that lead up to it. The United States benefited from Word War 2, because of the booming economic growth but after the war most jobs were not needed and the economy shrank significantly. Germany again was crippled from the war just like the previous one, BUT, since the nation was split the western allies helped.

In the end money is truly one of the most important things to have. It can be anything as long as it retains its value. People ever since the existence of man, traded and used items as money. Money does not have to be a specific paper or coin, but anything with value. In the end it is truly whatever is found to be needed.

Work(s) Cited

Friedman, Milton. “The Island of Stone Money.” Diss. Hoover Institution, Stanford University , 1991.

Joffe-Walt, Chana . “How Fake Money Saved Brazil.” NPR.org. 4 Oct. 2010. 30 Jan. 2015. <http://www.npr.org/blogs/money/2010/10/04/130329523/how-fake-money-saved-brazil&gt;.

 

E03 Critical Reading – Killroy513

Section 2

Killroy, you were assigned Section 7, several times, aloud, in class, MON SEP 25.

“Now, he’s rounder, heavier, bearded, and long-haired,”

Claim- He different in his original appearance.

-Many Veterans after service do not abide by AR670-1 physical appears codes. They go back to civilian life. A veteran can be anyone around you and you would not even be able to tell.

“obviously tough even if he weren’t prone to wearing a COMBAT INFANTRYMAN cap, but still not the guy you picture when you see his “Disabled Veteran” license plates.

Claim: Caleb is still as strong as he was but has changed.

-Many veterans take pride in serving in the military. Most wear hats displaying their unit, branch or time of service. The hat depicted in the reading is one that displays that the man saw combat as an infantryman. 11B MOS’s are rifleman that are in the heat of combat a good portion of the time. They are the infantry. Many things can be seen serving in the military and they are exposed to most of it. Even though someone isnt physically wounded, the thoughts of what was seen can mentally scare you for the rest of your life. This is basically what PTSD is.

“Not the old ‘Nam guy with a limp, or maybe the young legless Iraq survivor, that you’d expect.”

Claim: Not the typical disabled veteran.

-Many soldiers from the Vietnam war returned disabled, some physically and some mentally. Being in the heat of combat is different for everyone. It effects people in different ways. You could be physically wounded or mentally wounded. These wounds never truly seem to heal because the scares are left as a reminder.

http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2013/01/ptsd-epidemic-military-vets-families/