Research Position Paper-Collegekid9

Fight With Drugs!

In Vancouver, many are aware of the darkness that tries to hide behind the beauty of the city.  Unfortunately, the use of heroin has become very popular and widely known.  Those who have taken the drug usually become an addict; their body and spirit become consumed by it.  These peoples lives are engulfed by this drug and eventually they will run out of the heroin.  Addicts will resort to doing something drastic/irrational just so they can get their fix.  This has left the city of Vancouver with a high crime rate to deal with. The thing about Vancouver’s problem is that it is actually their solution.  Fight heroin with heroin!

When traditional rehab didn’t work, “Insite” was created as a safe zone to help get rid of the negative effects of those who use and have become addicted to heroin. These clinics are providing clean equipment as well as free heroin to addicts in an effort to remove all the additional problems that come with addiction. Even though doctors know that this will not cure their addiction, they believe that this will help addicts have a healthier life.  Kurt Lock, a research coordinator for SALOME, says that the reason for giving the heroin to a heroin addict is all about stability.  This gives the addicts a way to have a more normal life where they can work on other issues that got them into their horrible lifestyle.  Insite also works to connect those individuals with health care services which can range from primary care to addictions counseling.  This clinic provides hope that through repeated  usage of this program, the drug violence in Vancouver will slowly decrease and the heroin problem with lower.

Vancouver isn’t the only place that has adapted clinics to help addicts.  In Europe they have been successful in reducing crime rates related to drugs through their program.  Also the Danish National Board Of Health has reported that through their treatment, crime rate has reduced, addicts have found permanent homes, and they have reduced the amount of drinking done by addicts.  The clinics are always trying new ways to help ease addicts from the drugs. Some of the treatments have users cut down the amount of heroin that is given as well as replace it with a more legal drug without crime. With everyone that comes in for help there’s always a few that end up leaving and going somewhere else that doesn’t use heroin as a way to beat their addiction.

With the efforts of many communities, similar attempts have been made to benefit heroin addicts.  Methadone Clinics are the most significant ones that have been seen. Methadone is an opioid/narcotic medication. This opioid is used on people that are experiencing withdrawal symptoms such as those addicted to heroin that does not give a high as drastic as heroin, but it reduces the urge to use.  This in return will reduce the effect addicts have on the community and it will benefit an addicts life. Unfortunately, methadone is not as victorious as the free heroin clinics.  Studies have shown that only 54 percent of methadone patients came back for treatments but, 90 percent return for more free heroin.

A key aspect to the eventual success of the program is embedded within the users of the drugs themselves. They are the driving force behind everything, and therefore have the ability to create both success and failure. This being said, the most happiness should be coming from them if a program is truly successful. For if this is true, then certainly something is being done correctly.  With all these programs that are trying to help addicts beat their problem there’s only one key aspect that can actually keep them running. This aspect is the drug user itself.  Each user is their own motivation behind everything that can be applied from the programs. Their happiness could come from the success that they’ve been given. Their sadness could be from them failing.  There is no correct way to help a drug user get over their problem. It is all about this addicts state of mind. CNN had interviewed one of their addicts name Steve who had been using the Insite clinic regularly for multiple years. He said that he had overdosed three times while he was there and that he was happy he was at the clinic when he did. Although Steve is 48 years old, he believes that there is still hope that he can possibly get clean.  Steve states, “..it’s just, it’s common sense! When you have a problem that’s grown for whatever reason to the epic proportions that it has in this city, it’s time to come up with a really good solution, and this is it.”  With this statement we as readers can safely assume that someone finds this program to be successful and a real solution.

To many, heroin is just a bad drug but to anyone that has tried heroin, it is a leading cause into the downward spiral of addiction resulting in a lot of life problems.  Addiction is not something that the world takes lightly. There is no fast cure and the treatment is not easy.  A person’s brain creates dopamine which is spread from a neurotransmitter to send signals to other nerve cells. This plays a distinct part in the brain’s reward circuit.  The reward circuit plays a big role in the involvement of reinforcing behavior, motor control, and various hormones.  With the continuous use of the drug, the brain will adjust itself to the exceeding amount of dopamine. This in turn will force the brain to make less of it and/or reduce the ability of cells in the reward circuit to respond to it.  With the reduction of the natural high, addicts must use the drug to replace it. Even after someone quits, one small relapse can bring them back to square one because the addiction will always be there.

With the large amount of heroin addicts in Vancouver, you can only imagine what the spread of diseases through unsanitary needles was like. HIV, AIDS, and Hepatitis are just a few of the diseases that come to mind when you think about sharing needles. The Safe needle exchange program is truly a blessing for the people of Vancouver. This program as well as Insite has provided addicts to freely help themselves with sterile injections. Since the opening of these clinics the spread of these diseases has significantly decreased by almost 70% of the people not sharing needles after visiting the clinic. Not only has the rate of HIV and other diseases from spreading, it has also reduce the number of overdoses. Many users have hurt themselves because they inject the drug in a wrong way. Insite provides highly skilled medical practitioners that are always around to help them no matter what happens. There’s been a study done by Vancouver health that had shown that fatal overdoses within a 500 meter radius of the Insite facility had decreased by 35%.  These numbers just prove the success rate that are coming from these clinics.

The crime rate of patients with a heroin addiction, that received the drug for free from the clinics had significantly decreased.  This was noticed during a four year trial in Britain.  In this trial patients were split up into three groups which consisted of oral methadone clinic patients, intravenous methadone clinic patients, and free heroin clinic patients.  In the end the results showed that the three groups all had improved, but the ones that received the free heroin benefited the most.  After about a half a year, three-quarters of the group had stopped taking street heroin. The number of crimes that had been committed by those in the group 30 days before the program began, dropped from 1,700 to 547 in the first six months of the trial.

With Vancouver opening up these heroin clinics, they are providing a safe haven for addicts to have another chance at a normal life and to finally part of society again. These programs are helping to tighten the rains and control addiction and give a sense of security for all drug users. For many Insite is their last bit of hope for asked to take control of their own lives and to be the one to save themselves on the downward spiral that heroin brings them. We can see the drug related crimes and the spread of diseases has decreased which in return is making their city safe again. Although it may sound crazy fighting her one with heroin is actually helping. In time we will find a permanent cure but for an out what we are doing is working.

 

London, Gaëlle Faure /. “Why Doctors Are Giving Heroin to Heroin Addicts.” Time. Time Inc., 28 Sept. 2009. Web. 11 Dec. 2016.
Vince Beiser / Miller-McCune Magazine. “Vancouver’s Radical Approach to Drugs: Let Junkies Be Junkies.” Alternet. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Dec. 2016.
https://www.facebook.com/NIDANIH. “Understanding Drug Use and Addiction.” DrugFacts: Understanding Drug Use and Addiction | National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Dec. 2016.
CNN. Cable News Network, n.d. Web. 11 Dec. 2016.
Heroin Clinics Improve Addicts’ Lives.” Sciencenordic.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Dec. 2016.
Hiebert, Paul. “The Only Place Where They’ll Inject You With Heroin for Free.” Pacific Standard. N.p., 31 May 2016. Web. 11 Dec. 2016.
Mulvenna, Alexis. “Supervised Injection Sites and Vancouver’s ‘Insite’ Experiment.” The Public Policy & Governance Review. N.p., 09 Feb. 2015. Web. 11 Dec. 2016.

Reflective-Collegekid9

Core Value I. My work demonstrates that I used a variety of social and interactive practices that involve recursive stages of exploration, discovery, conceptualization, and development.

As I previously learned through my years of writing, Professor Hodges restated that writing requires more than one draft and that there is always room for improvement. If all of this is done properly it will be a successful well-written paper.  When it comes to changing my work, I find there are times when I feel like what I have written is good enough, even though I know there are things I could change.  I know that I could  honestly have done a more thorough job at achieving this core value throughout the semester. The best example of this is my Stone Money paper.  Even though this is not going to be in the portfolio, this essay was a good stepping stone to the expectations of this class. It showed the evolution of drafts and corrections that need to be made for a well written college essay.

Core Value II. My work demonstrates that I placed texts into conversation with one another to create meaning by synthesizing ideas from various discourse communities. 

For every writer, the most important stage in the writing process is to grasp an understanding and collect information on their topic.  This entire class is based on our research.  Every assignment we have is one that involves a necessarily large amount of the knowledge of our subject.  The more sources that we read helps us to make our argument become more professional. Another thing is that you have to make sure that your sources are reliable.  This goal is shown in the process of our research papers. My paper on Vancouver’s free heroin involves a lot of medical information so I could present a good background of heroin.

Core Value III. My work demonstrates that I rhetorically analyzed the purpose, audience, and contexts of my own writing and other texts and visual arguments.

Throughout this course, I have been refreshed about everything that essays embody.  We must remember that every piece of writhing has a purpose as well as an audience. In my Visual Rewrite, I presented this value by studying the motive of the 30 second ad “A Kid Again | Father Involvement.” This assignment was given to us as a way to show that every second of this ad was placed there for a specific reason. In this ad, even the man and woman’s clothes were placed for a purpose. For the first 15 seconds, the audience is shown 3 men of different ethnicities doing child-like activities.  We as the audience, watch as others react to the men with pondering expressions.  In the remain 15 seconds, we are shown the men engaging in these actives with their children.  We as an audience are lead to believe that the way to be a good dad, is remembering to be a kid again.

Core Value IV: My work demonstrates that I have met the expectations of academic writing by locating, evaluating, and incorporating illustrations and evidence to support my own ideas and interpretations.

Authors must realize that certain writings can not just be stated. With the work that has been done in class, it has been extremely important to analyze as many  writings from as you can.  Thankfully our school offers us different places to be able to search for information other than google and yahoo.  Our library offers resources including ProfSearch, Gale Virtual Reference Library and Academic Search Premier.  The assignment that would best represent this Core Value IV would be my Bibliography where I cited ten sources that were used in my Research Paper.

Core Value V. My work demonstrates that I respect my ethical responsibility to represent complex ideas fairly and to the sources of my information with appropriate citation. 

An authors audience in never the same. Some topics can be sensitive to some so, we have to be careful of how things were said and what words were used to say what was written.  At the same time, we as authors need to be true to ourselves and voice our own ideas in a careful manner.  Our own thought are a combinations of our own creation as well as the ideas of others so in a way, we need to represent those writings in a proper fashion.

Bibliography- Collegekid9

1. “Vancouver Combats Heroin by Giving Its Addicts the Best Smack in the World.” Public Radio International. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Nov. 2016.

Background: This article gives general information about what is happening in Vancouver as well as things that are being provided with the clinics.

How It Was Used: This article supplied me with information about the program and what they do. I also got to look at some of the participants of the program.

2.  Lim, Clarissa-Jan. “Prescription Heroin In Vancouver Will Be Handed To Addicts In A Game-Changing Experiment.” Bustle. N.p., 25 Nov. 2014. Web. 30 Nov. 2016. 

Background: This article covers the cause of many addicts overdoses are due to another drug that is being sold as heroin.

How It Was Used: I used this article to show how the clinics are keeping addicts from running into this other drug in the streets.

3. London, Gaëlle Faure /. “Why Doctors Are Giving Heroin to Heroin Addicts.” Time. Time Inc., 28 Sept. 2009. Web. 30 Nov. 2016.

Background: This article displays where this idea manifested. It also discusses the effects of weaning people off of heroin.

How It Was Used: This article supplied me with information about the program and what they do. I also got to look at some of the participants of the program. I was able to see how the program affects them and if it actually works like they intend

4. “Heroin Clinics Improve Addicts’ Lives.” Sciencenordic.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Nov. 2016.

Background: This article shows that the heroin clinics have lower dropout rates and that many positive things that have come from them.

How It Was Used I used all the positive effects to show how a free heroin clinic could benefit society.

5. “Heroin: Effects, Addiction & Treatment Options – Drugs.com.” Effects, Addiction & Treatment Options – Drugs.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Nov. 2016.

Background: This article explains how heroin is about 2-3 times more potent than morphine. It also provides information on how it is taken and what the effects are.

How It Was Used: This shows the idea of providing heroin in a safe way and with safe tools.

6. Cost Utility Analysis of co-prescribed heroin compared with methadone maintenance treatment in heroin addicts in two randomized trial

Background: This is a study determined the cost of prescribing heroin to heroin addicts compared to addicts prescribed methadone.  In the end they found that a prescription of heroin along with methadone was cost effective.  It said that patients would save $1133 and take part in crime ever three days to get money for their drug.

How I Used it: I used this article as evidence that a free heroin clinic can be more cost efficient for cities and states.

7. The Only Place That They’ll Inject You With Heroin for Free

Background: This article talks about the free heroin clinics.  It states that illegal drugs have made a costly impact on the country in terms of law enforcement, drug overdoses, and health care.

How I Used it: . It talks about the way it has helped patients and is cheaper to run than a methadone clinic, as well as it being more effective at keeping people coming.  This article will strengthen my paper because of all the ways it shows free heroin to be beneficial.

8. Heroin Addiction and Crime

Background: The article tells about crime related to heroin addiction.  It tells of the connection between violent crime and heroin addicts as well as the correlation between decision making and heroin abuse.

How I Used it:  This article will help me argue that it is beneficial to keep addicts on heroin because of the crimes they can commit because they need their fix.  It will cost less to give out free heroin with taxpayer money than it would to fix the damages and crimes committed by addicts to get their heroin.

9. Drugs, Brains, and Behavior: The Science of Addiction

Background: The article holds information about addictions and how severely they can effect someone.  It speaks of addictions as a disease and how relapses work.  It covers medical consequences of drug addiction and mentions a broad amount of drugs.

How I Used it:  I spoke of the science behind addiction and what it would take to get an addict off of heroin.  This helped me show how serious addiction is and how much addiction can cost medically.

10.  DrugFacts-Understanding Drug Use and Addiction

Background: This explains the meaning behind addiction and tells us why some people become addicted to drugs. This also explains what happens to the brain when someone is addicted.

How I Used It: I spoke about how addiction is a disease that is difficult to control and how the brain is affected.

Causal Rewrite-Collegekid9

Vancouver will reduce its crime rate due to addicts by making heroin more accessible. Although this doesn’t make sense, considering that this drug is illegal, it will distract the users by taking away the motivation to commit a crime to possess the drug.  Easiest alternative methods for paying for heroin are burglaries and breaking and entry. The only thing an addict can focus on is getting their fix so that they can reach their high.These addicts are having a hard time completing daily activities such as maintaining jobs, interactions, and relationships. The “Free Heroin for Addicts” program is attempting to lower the crime rate of the city by providing heroin easily so that addicts do not have to commit crimes to get the drug. The program will also keep heroin users out of the hospital by reducing the use of laced drugs and unsanitary needles.  No matter what, addiction will always be stuck in an addicts mind with the help of these clinics many may reduce the use of heroin. Also by giving a safe environment for addicts to receive it sanitary equipment the spread of diseases such as HIV and AIDS Will also reduce. The heroine that is given at the clinics is pure and it provides these programs with finding a better way to treat addiction. These clinics will let users come in and get high multiple times a day for free and will provide medical professionals to help them out. These clinics will provide a progression and stability for addicts lives. Vancouver isn’t the only place that has tried using these clinics many places in Europe have also shown great success with their programs. So in the end free heroin clinics will benefit both The community and those suffering with addiction. This may be hard for many to take, but the reality of it is that giving heroin to those with its addiction Will in return make their community whole again.

 

Heroin: Effects, Addiction & Treatment Options – Drugs.com.” Effects, Addiction & Treatment Options – Drugs.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Nov. 2016.
Heroin Clinics Improve Addicts‘ Lives.” Sciencenordic.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Nov. 2016.

 

Definition Rewrite-Collegekid9

“(Medical)  Heroin”

In my own words heroin is an illegal drug that is a chemical blend formed from morphine, which is a natural substance that is taken from a poppy plants seed. This drug is usually in a white or brown powder that can be injected into a vein which is considered mainlining, injected into a muscle, placed on tinfoil and inhaled as smoke through a straw or snorted as powder via the nose. Heroin is a narcotic powder (C 21 H 23 NO 5) that was formerly used as an sedative/pain killer. In 2011, 1.6% of people used heroin at lest once, but 23% who used it became dependent on it.   Heroin abuse is associated with many serious health conditions which include fatal overdose, spontaneous abortion, and infectious diseases such as hepatitis and HIV. The problem is how is medical heroin better than something regular heroin users have.  They are both harmful and people are still addicted to it.  Although when given by a doctor, it prevents  the crime of getting it off the street and its more likely to be clean.

http://www.dictionary.com/browse/heroin

http://www.drugfree.org/drug-guide/heroin/

https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/heroin/what-heroin

http://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/heroin

Enough About You-Collegekid9

Money has such a big role in our society that not much gets done without it. For many, money has different ways of being valuable. Today’s society is heavily weighted on faith both in the government as well as the banking system. A person’s money needs to be handled in the proper manner so they don’t need to hide it under your mattress or around their house. We have no understanding of how your money is taken care of or what happens in the banks. Many think that money is simple however, being introduced to this assignment, the Yap Fei, US gold, French francs, Brazilian cruzeros, and debit accounts now seem similar. No one actually sees their money being transferred they only know that when they are paid, the money is directly transferred into the bank account. In the end, all you can have is trust.

Rebuttal-Collegekid9

 

In my own words heroin is a drug that is a chemical blend formed from morphine, which is a natural substance that is taken from a poppy plants seed. This drug is usually in a white or brown powder that is inhaled, smoked, injected, or snorted. In 2011, 1.6% of people used heroin at lest once, but 23% who used it became dependent on it. The problem is how is medical heroin better than something regular heroin users have. They are both harmful and people are still addicted to it. Although when given by a doctor, it prevents the crime of getting it off the street and its more likely to be clean.

http://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/heroin

Causal Argument- Collegekid9

In Vancouver, the crime rate is large because heroin addicts are committing crimes to support their habits. These addicts are having a hard time completing daily activities such as maintaining jobs, interactions, and relationships. The users often have no limits when it comes to getting their hands on heroin which has led a lot of theft. The “Free Heroin for Addicts” program is attempting to lower the crime rate of the city by providing heroin easily so that addicts do not have to commit crimes to get the drug. The program will also keep heroin users out of the hospital by reducing the use of laced drugs and unsanitary needles. The downfall to the program is that it will not help addicts move towards recovery.

By the Way, It Was Great Working with You! “Neurowiki 2013.” Heroin Addiction and Crime –. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Nov. 2016.
Heroin Clinics Improve Addicts‘ Lives.” Sciencenordic.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Nov. 2016.

 

Definition Argument-Collegekid9

“(Medical)  Heroin”

In my own words heroin is an illegal drug that is a chemical blend formed from morphine, which is a natural substance that is taken from a poppy plants seed. This drug is usually in a white or brown powder that can be injected into a vein which is considered mainlining, injected into a muscle, placed on tinfoil and inhaled as smoke through a straw or snorted as powder via the nose. Heroin is a narcotic powder (C 21 H 23 NO 5) that was formerly used as an sedative/pain killer. In 2011, 1.6% of people used heroin at lest once, but 23% who used it became dependent on it.   Heroin abuse is associated with many serious health conditions which include fatal overdose, spontaneous abortion, and infectious diseases such as hepatitis and HIV. The problem is how is medical heroin better than something regular heroin users have.  They are both harmful and people are still addicted to it.  Although when given by a doctor, it prevents  the crime of getting it off the street and its more likely to be clean.

Addiction is not something that the world takes lightly. There is no fast cure and the treatment is not easy.  A person’s brain creates dopamine which is spread from a neurotransmitter to send signals to other nerve cells. This plays a distinct part in the brain’s reward circuit.  The reward circuit plays a big role in the involvement of reinforcing behavior, motor control, and various hormones.  With the continuous use of the drug, the brain will adjust itself to the exceeding amount of dopamine. This in turn will force the brain to make less of it and/or reduce the ability of cells in the reward circuit to respond to it.  With the reduction of the natural high, addicts must use the drug to replace it. Even after someone quits, one small relapse can bring them back to square one because the addiction will always be there.

http://www.dictionary.com/browse/heroin

http://www.drugfree.org/drug-guide/heroin/

https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/heroin/what-heroin

http://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/heroin

https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/understanding-drug-use-addiction

White Paper-Collegekid9

http://www.pri.org/stories/2015-02-04/vancouver-combats-heroin-giving-its-addicts-best-smack-world

“For people who are in that position, where methadone doesn’t work for them, and have tried various times to kick the heroin habit and failed, it’s been determined by a set of medical practitioners to practice what they call ‘harm reduction,'”

“The harm-reduction program of giving heroin addict heroin has its origins in Europe with countries like Switzerland, Germany, Britain and the Netherlands all administering their own version of the program in Vancouver, according to a detailed report in Time back in 2009. And just like Vancouver, the program is only for those with the very worst addictions.”

 

https://www.bustle.com/articles/50901-prescription-heroin-in-vancouver-will-be-handed-to-addicts-in-a-game-changing-experiment

“Although it’s unclear what Vancouver’s brave new venture will accomplish, it’s safe to assume that the city is inclined to take a crack at different methods to help its most susceptible population.”

“Following a successful clinical trial on 26 participants, doctors at the Providence Crosstown Clinic will be allowed to administer the drug to a group of 120 (“severely addicted people,”)”

 

http://content.time.com/time/health/article/0,8599,1926160,00.html

“It’s a less than perfect treatment, but for entrenched addicts, it gives them the first steps toward getting their life together,” says John Strang, a researcher with the National Addiction Centre and King’s Health Partners in London”

 

http://sciencenordic.com/heroin-clinics-improve-addicts-lives

“Danish heroin addicts experience significant improvements in their lives. They no longer need to stress over finding the next fix and they commit fewer crimes.”

“Some of the users have better contact with their families. Some have started to do sports as part of the treatment offer, and others have found the energy to take care of their own physical illnesses,”

 

https://www.drugs.com/illicit/heroin.html

“Heroin (diacetylmorphine) is derived from the morphine alkaloid found in opium and is roughly 2-3 times more potent. A highly addictive drug, heroin exhibits euphoric (“rush”), anxiolytic and analgesic central nervous system properties”