Bibliography – aaspiringwriter

1. Forbes. Forbes Magazine, n.d. Web. 06 Dec. 2016.

Background: India is the fastest growing economy in the world but keeping up with the competition is a tricky thing.

How I use it: I used this article to show a comparison between Chinese and Indian Economy in my paper since they are considered biggest competitors.

2. Pti. “India’s Growth Rate to Accelerate to 8-10% in 2-5 Years: CEA Arvind Subramanian.” The Economic Times. N.p., 26 Feb. 2016. Web. 06 Dec. 2016.

Background: The Economic Advisor predicts the growth of India in the coming years

How I use it: I used this article to provide the estimated growth of India in the next 2-5 years in my research paper.

3. Fensom, Anthony. “China, India To Lead World By 2050, Says PwC.” The Diplomat. The Diplomat, 12 Feb. 2015. Web. 06 Dec. 2016.

Background: Asia’s powerhouse economies are predicted to be dominant by mid-century.

How I use it: This article provides evidences why India is predicted to overtake china, this evidence makes my argument stronger.

4. “Poverty & Equity.” Poverty & Equity Data | India | The World Bank. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2016.

Background: World Bank provides statistics of poverty in India.

How I use it: I used these statistics in my paper to give an estimate of poverty in India.

5. Media, Triami. “Historic Inflation India – CPI Inflation.” Historic Inflation India – Historic CPI Inflation India. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2016.

Background: The historic Indian Inflation rate based upon consumer price index (CPI).

How I use it: This article helped me get an overview of the change in the inflation rate of India in the recent years.

6. President, BCG Senior Vice. “Direct/indirect Employment IT Industry India 2008-2016 | Statistic.” Statista. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2016.

Background: The statics shows the amount of employment opportunities created by the Indian IT sector in 2008-2016.

How I use it: This article helped me demonstrate how many jobs IT industry has been able to create in India and How it is a major contributor of the Indian economy.

7.“Brand India.” IT Industry in India, Indian Information Technology, ITeS Sector, Services. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2016.

Background: India has become the top destination for IT companies around the world.

How I use it: This article helped me demonstrate the growth of IT sector in India and how it is influencing Indian economy.

8. “World Bank Says India Faces Stark Digital Divide – Times of India.” The Times of India. Business, 10 May 2016. Web. 07 Dec. 2016.

Background: Digital Revolution in India has brought a digital gab between the rural and the urban India.

How I use it: This article helped me shows how Indian cities are advancing with the development in digital technology and how villages are left behind and neglected.

9. August 29, 2014 International Agricultural Trade Reports. “India’s Agricultural Exports Climb to Record High.” India’s Agricultural Exports Climb to Record High | USDA Foreign Agricultural Service. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2016.

Background: India’s Agricultural Exports Climb to Record High.

How I use it: This article helped me provide data on how the agriculture Industry in India contributes to the economy and how majority of people are dependent on agriculture for their livelihood.

10. “Farmer Population Falls by 9 Million in 10 Years – Times of India.” The Times of India. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2016.

Background: More and more farmers are opting out of farming.

How I use it: This article helped me demonstrate how farmers in India are opting out of farming because of the lack of resources.

Research Position Paper – aaspiringwriter

India: A Superpower in the Making?

India is a fascinating land with vivid history and heritage. Its culture is one of the oldest known to humanity.  India is a place rich in customs, traditions, values and beliefs where people preach and practice different religions, speak various languages and yet it is the largest successful democracy in the world. It sets an example by projecting a country so diverse and yet so unified. The world sees India as the land of gods, the origin of yoga, famous for temples and spiritual enlightenment along with the food, the festivals, jewelry, train travels, slums, cultural dance and Bollywood celebrities. It seems counterintuitive that a nation that is identified as “A poor country with rich culture,” can be the fastest growing economy in the world, leading in the fields of Information Technology, Agriculture, Infrastructure, Education etc and can be seen as the most prominent superpower of the future.

Superpower nation possesses the ability to dominate and influence global affairs/events and project its power on a global scale. However, in-order to be a superpower the nation is obliged to fit certain criteria. Firstly, it must have a strong and stable political system. Secondly, it must be a consistently growing economy and last but not the least, it should be able to manage its population providing them with diverse opportunities, world class facilities, producing efficient and highly trained manpower. It must also have high level of technical expertise, cultural unity, along with exceptional military and armed forces. Ever since the disintegration of the soviet union, America has been the only country fulfilling these criteria’s and hence influencing the world by utilizing its superpower stature. However, with the changing economies, political system and foreign relations, more and more countries are becoming powerful and have started influencing the international affairs. Thus, with the rise of different countries there has been rise in the speculation of the next projected superpower nation.

Based upon the economic potential, market size, military strength and influence in science, innovation and global affairs; China, The European Union, India and Russia are the most speculated contenders for supremacy. But from this list the country that has managed to create a turmoil among the critics is India. India surely has come by a surprise to everyone by joining the race of the fastest growing economies of the world after just 60 years of independence. It is even ready to outpace Chinese economy in the preceding years. Tim Worstall in a Forbes article, “India to be the world’s fastest growing economy: keeping it going will be the difficult trick” quoted, “India is forecast to become the fastest growing large economy in the world, surpassing that of China. Figures to be released by the Central Statistics Office are expected to confirm the country grew by 7.3 % from October to December, while China grew 6.8% in the same period.” Economic Survey 2016, suggested that India is expected to accelerate to 8-10% in terms of growth-rate in next 2-5 years. Anthony Fensom in, “China, India To Lead World By 2050,” highlighted that, “Both the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank expect India to overtake China as the world’s fastest growing major economy in 2016.” Thus there is no doubt India will be a leading economy in the future and is a strong contender for Superpower.

Information Technology has played a major role in India’s Economy and GDP growth. It has increased its contribution to the GDP from 1.2% in 1998 to 7.5% in 2012. The country is home to more than 8000 digital firms; Tata, Infosys, Wipro, Oracle are few examples of those. India is a hot spot for new startups and is currently home to more than 4000 startup companies. It is redefining India’s innovation and growth capabilities. India has high skilled and trained technical manpower and is attracting tech-entrepreneurs by offering high quality, reliable and cost-effective services and that too at a steady rate. According to statistics, the IT industry in India has created 3 million direct employment opportunities in 2012/13. “India has become the worlds largest sourcing destination in the IT industry, accounting for approximately 67 per cent of the US$ 124-130 billion market” reported in Indian Brand Equity Foundation article. The article also stated that “The sector is also expected to triple its current annual revenue to reach US$ 350 billion by FY 2025.” The IT sector in India is also attracting Foreign Direct Investment (FDI). As per the data released by the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP), The computer software and hardware sector in India attracted cumulative Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) inflows worth US$ 21.02 billion between April 2000 and March 2016. Thus, India has surely become the leading exporter of IT services in the world.

However, despite of having the fastest growing IT industry in the world India hasn’t been successful in providing its people with easy and affordable 24/7 digital connection.  A article published in Times of India, “World Bank says India faces stark digital divide.” reported, “India has the biggest offline population of any country,World Bank economists said at the India launch of the World Development Report 2016, Digital Dividends.” According to which nearly a billion of the population has no internet access. Vast number of people in rural India don’t know how to use a smartphone or a computer and don’t have access to it. If India wants to be a superpower it will have to eradicate this digital gap between the rural and the urban India. To solve this problem the government of India has launched many initiatives like; Digital India Program which aims to provide the government services to people using IT, Digital literacy program which aims to train Indians  over the next three years to empower them with digital knowledge, US and India have also collaborated and launched the ‘Digital India Initiative’ in-order to digitalize India. The Railways of India got a digital push with the inclusion of bar-coded tickets, GPS systems, wifi facilities etc. The cities are transforming into smart cities because of such initiatives and the villages are catching up as well. This definitely increases the chances of India in becoming the superpower.

Another important sector contributing majorly in Indian Economy is Agriculture. Agriculture along with fisheries and forestry, is one of the largest contributors to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) accounting for 13.7%. It is also a large and mostly the only source of income in majority of Indian villages.  According to IBEF, “In India over 58 per cent of the rural households depend on agriculture as their principal means of livelihood.” India is the largest exporter of fruits, vegetables and species. The Green Revolution made India the second largest producer of wheat, rice, sugarcane, cotton, groundnuts and the largest producer of milk, jute and pulses. As per a USDA report ,”India became the world’s seventh-largest exporter of agricultural products in 2013, surpassing Australia with exports climbing from just over $5 billion in 2003 to a record of more than $39 billion in 2013.” Even though agriculture plays such a crucial part in Indian economy, the farmers that cultivate agriculture don’t get enough credit and enough money to live a decent life and hence each day more and more farmers are opting out of farming and moving to cities. Rukmini Shrinivasan in, “Farmer population falls by 9 million in 10 years” highlights that, “There are now nearly 9 million fewer farmers than there were in 2001, the first time in four decades that the absolute number of cultivators has fallen.” If this trend continues then there are great chances of slow down of the Indian economy and it might never be a superpower.

Scarcity of water, Infertile land and lack of infrastructure in the agricultural sector, illiteracy, lack of awareness of the development in the field of agriculture, lack of transparency among the government agriculture officers and the farmers, inadequate finances and government policies, poor socio-economic background of farmers, soil erosion, lack of adequate storage facilities are the reasons why farmers are opting out of farming. The problems are so severe that farmers are opting suicide. Farmer suicides have occurred at a rate of 1.4 to 1.8 per 100,000 total population, over a 10-year period since 2005. This can be a serious concern for India because agriculture is the backbone of the Indian economy. If the economy falls then the whole growth of the whole country is doomed. To stop this, the Indian government has launched various programs for the benefit and betterment of the farmers. The government announced 70% Cut in Monsanto’s Royalties, which will cut Monsato’s monopoly of cotton seeds. The Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana launched in 2015 will focus on Micro-irrigation projects and end-to-end irrigation solutions. The Pradhan Mantri Fasal Beema Yojna (Crop Insurance for Farmers) aims to give 50% crop insurance to farmers. The government also launched Soil Health Card in 2015 which carry crop-wise recommendations of nutrients and fertilizers required for the individual farms to help farmers to improve productivity through proper use of inputs. These programs will help lower the ratio of farmer suicides in the coming years and India might succeed in saving its agriculture and its economy.

Corruption is one of the severe problems India has been facing. As per the World Corruption Audit conducted in 2015, India ranked 65th out of the 150 democratic nations. Almost every person in India has been asked to pay the bribe at-least once in their lifetime. According to the Indian Corruption Study 2005, “Common citizens of the country pay a bribe of Rs. 21,068 crores while availing one or more of the eleven public services in a year.” Lack of transparency in the public sector, poor tax regulation and licensing policies can be considered the root causes of corruption in India. Bribing a public servant to get the work done quickly has been a common ritual there and Indians have somewhat gotten used to it. However, an Anti-corruption campaign led by Anna Hazare in 2011 has been an eyeopener for both the government and the citizens. Ten’s of thousands of citizens joined the movement forcing the government to pass a new Anti-Corruption bill (Lokpal Bill) in the Parliament. In 2015, to fight against corruption; The Prime Minister of India took a drastic step and announced the demonetization of the rupee to control tax invasion and eradicate black money from the country. Such movement proves that efforts made in the present can help India to be the superpower in the future.

Managing its 1.2 billion population is another major concern for India. Growing population is considered the biggest hindrance in a country’s growth and India is the second most populous country in the world after china. To be a superpower, the nation should be able to manage its man power and resources and distribute them evenly. But, because of the enormous population, it has been tough for India to maintain the balance. However, due to various population control campaigns and increase in the number of educated people, a slight decline in the growth rate  has been observed. Rema Nagrajan in her article, “The Myth of India’s population explosion,” stated “India’s total fertility rate — a measure of the number of children born to a woman during her lifetime — was down from 5.9 in 1951 to 2.3 in 2011.” If India successes in stabilizing its population then it has good chances of being the superpower.

India is recognized all over the world for producing world renowned scientists, engineers, doctors, writers and philosophers. Indian’s are leading in the field of science and innovation. However, India hasn’t been able to provide best educational facilities to its students. India has very few world renowned institutions and because of the large population, there is a great competition to get into these institutions and the fees of such institutions are also quite hefty. Due to which large number of Indian students chose abroad over India for gaining higher education and technical expertise and due to which India lose its talented and ambitious population. Dhanya Thomas in his article, “Brain drain: Boon for developed countries, but bane for India” reported, “A recent study conducted by Indian Institute of Management- Bangalore (IIM-B) shows that the students going for higher studies abroad has increased by 256% in the last 10 years. When 53,000 Indian students went abroad for higher studies in 2000, the figure shot up to 1.9 lakh in 2010.” However this trend of brain drain is slowly changing and the new trend of reverse brain drain has begun. India is one of the first countries to observe reverse brain drain where people of the developed countries move to the less developed countries. This mainly depends on the country’s development and policies developed to attract foreign immigrants. Indian economy and its development in Information Technology and Infrastructure has lured a lot of its population back into the country and along with that is also attracting foreign immigrants. The Indian government has launched programs to fasten the process of reverse brain drain. Skill India Initiative is one of such initiatives launched by Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi; which aims at training 400 million citizens by 2022 that would enable them to find jobs. India and Australia have also signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to boost partnerships between the two countries in the fields of higher education and research, including technical and professional education, schools, vocational education and training. Strengthening its education system and providing its citizens with educational facilities and equal opportunities can help India become a superpower.

India has managed to become the pioneer in the fields of Information Technology, Agriculture and Education and has managed to significantly reduce corruption and poverty. The progress made by India is tremendous. It already has a strong military, armed forces and nuclear weapons and is constantly developing. It is the largest exporter of goods in the world. India is collaborating with foreign countries and making advances in space and technology as well. It has excellent and skilled manpower. India also has strong government and political system and it is observed by the programs launched by the government to develop India and the pace at which India is developing. Moreover, India also maintains good relations with other countries, has strong foreign policies and stands a strong position in International affairs. If India continues its global presence and participation then it might soon become a member of the United Nations in the coming years. From evidences, it can be observed that India possesses immense amount of potential and caliber to be the superpower.

However, if India really wants to be a superpower, it will have to start with focusing on establishing regional and cultural peace within the country, establishing peace with its neighboring countries and enhancing its trade policies. India will also have to bring an end to female foeticide, to maintain gender ratio. India will also have to develop its healthcare sector and provide its citizens with affordable medicare and health insurances. It will have to put a control on population explosion before it overtakes china. It should also take the benefit of the declining Chinese economy and quickly overtake as the biggest economy in the world. It should put an end to communal violence and religious disputes. In the coming years India should be able to provide its citizens with basic necessities, equal and diverse opportunities, and try reduce the unemployment rate.

The World Wars and many other Cultural, Demographic and Geographic conditions have crumbled the superpower nations of the past and continues to crumble the current contenders. It’s difficult for countries to get back on their knees or fight against their problems. The  U.S. has never observed massive industrial destruction or civilian casualties unlike Europe or Asia. Post War it has been able to build up a strong industrial and technological infrastructure, advanced military strength which is the strongest in the world and has managed to retain it since. Other countries have a great potential in being the superpower but their problems are way more drastic and impossible to overcome. However, over time India has constantly proved that nothing is impossible if the people and the government of the nation unite and work together. Together they can overcome challenges and eradicate the problems.

To conclude, India can be a Superpower if it utilizes its man force and makes a unified effort with the government to bring the change.

Works Cited

Forbes. Forbes Magazine, n.d. Web. 06 Dec. 2016.

Pti. “India’s Growth Rate to Accelerate to 8-10% in 2-5 Years: CEA Arvind Subramanian.” The Economic Times. N.p., 26 Feb. 2016. Web. 06 Dec. 2016.

Fensom, Anthony. “China, India To Lead World By 2050, Says PwC.” The Diplomat. The Diplomat, 12 Feb. 2015. Web. 06 Dec. 2016.

Poverty & Equity.” Poverty & Equity Data | India | The World Bank. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2016.

Media, Triami. “Historic Inflation India – CPI Inflation.” Historic Inflation India – Historic CPI Inflation India. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2016.

Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2016.

President, BCG Senior Vice. “Direct/indirect Employment IT Industry India 2008-2016 | Statistic.” Statista. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2016.

“Brand India.” IT Industry in India, Indian Information Technology, ITeS Sector, Services. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2016.

World Bank Says India Faces Stark Digital Divide – Times of India.” The Times of India. Business, 10 May 2016. Web. 07 Dec. 2016.

Superpower.” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 04 Dec. 2016.

Economy of India.” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2016.

August 29, 2014 International Agricultural Trade Reports. “India’s Agricultural Exports Climb to Record High.” India’s Agricultural Exports Climb to Record High | USDA Foreign Agricultural Service. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2016.

Farmer Population Falls by 9 Million in 10 Years – Times of India.” The Times of India. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2016.

Agricultural Problems Faced by the Farmers of India.” Knowledge Tank. N.p., 16 May 2016. Web. 07 Dec. 2016.

Thomas, Dhanya. “Brain Drain: Boon for Developed Countries, but Bane for India.” Find- Study Abroad Entrance Exam, Courses, Scholarships, News, Articles. N.p., 29 Apr. 2015. Web. 07 Dec. 2016.

@username. “Essay Writing — Can India Become a Super Power.” Bank Exams. N.p., 01 Jan. 1970. Web. 07 Dec. 2016.

“Brand India.” , Indian Education System, Industry. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2016.

Reflective – aaspiringwriter

Core Value I. My work demonstrates that I used a variety of social and interactive practices that involve recursive stages of exploration, discovery, conceptualization, and development.

We were told that at the end of the semester, we are supposed to produce a 3000 word research paper and it can be based on any topic. Initially I was very excited but was not able to settle on a specific topic. I chose to write on Modern Feminism and included my research in my Proposal +5 but then my professor advised that my plan catalogues the many ways women face discrimination around the world, it won’t make much of an essay. Hence for my white paper I settled on projecting India as the next superpower. I changed the entire concept of my paper and had to go through the whole process of exploration, discovery and development all over again. I was glad I changed the topic because it helped me broaden my understanding regarding my own country and kept me engaged in writing till the end. The work was tedious but it gave me a new outlook on writing. The more you involve in your writing, the better outcome you will be able to produce. Reading, Revising and editing are the key

Core Value II. My work demonstrates that I placed texts into conversation with one another to create meaning by synthesizing ideas from various discourse communities. 

I learned that in-order to engage your readers it is important to establish a conversation in your writing. I always thought that establishing conversation simply means citing sources in your article. But my professor taught me that in order to create a conversation and write a meaningful coherent article it is important to define an argument, define its causes and effects and give definite proof supporting your argument. Re-reading and asking for constant feedback from the professor and my peers helped. This is demonstrated in Definition Argument.

Core Value III. My work demonstrates that I rhetorically analyzed the purpose, audience, and contexts of my own writing and other texts and visual arguments.

Before writing my short arguments, I started by doing critical reading and analysis, made a critical engagement sheet and outlined my thoughts and started finding my sources to support my argument, keeping my audience and purpose in mind. My professor taught me that to be a writer it is important to be unbiasedGiving your own opinions would be an injustice to the reader. So I tried to remain open minded during my casual argument and decided not to jump into any conclusion without in-depth understanding of the topic.

Core Value IV: My work demonstrates that I have met the expectations of academic writing by locating, evaluating, and incorporating illustrations and evidence to support my own ideas and interpretations.

To write a research paper one is bound to do a lot of research and collect appropriate illustrations and evidences to support the argument. Initially I started by just picking up random articles  and citing them in my work which is seen in my Proposal +5 and then my professor advised me to use sources that actually relate to my argument and establish an conversation. I was advised to use google scholar and the rowan database to get strong evidences for my paper. I also took help of wikipedia articles which helped me to establish a clear thought process. Listening to audio podcasts also helped. My use of illustrations and evidences is demonstrated in casual argumentDefinition ArgumentProposal +5, and stone money.

Core Value V. My work demonstrates that I respect my ethical responsibility to represent complex ideas fairly and to the sources of my information with appropriate citation. 

Ethical writing is important. Every writer deserves to be credited for their writing and so citation is important. Hence during the semester I tried not to Jeopardize any of the university policies or code of conduct. I have always maintained a habit of including a works cited page in all my arguments. I might have forgot to cite the article here and there but my professor warned me on time so that I can avoid plagiarism. My works cited can be seen in casual argumentDefinition Argument and also in Bibliography.

A12 Casual Rewrite – aaspiringwriter

India: The Next Superpower?

India is the biggest successful democracy in the world and has a strong political system. It has made tremendous growth in the sectors such as: Information Technology, Agriculture, Infrastructure, Education, healthcare etc. However, if India wants to be a Superpower it will have to eliminate the problems such as corruption, Inflation, population explosion, illiteracy etc and start contributing more towards science, research and innovation, encouraging small business and keeping peace with its neighboring nations.

Corruption in India is severe. As per the World Corruption Audit conducted in 2015, India ranked 65th out of the 150 democratic nations. Almost every person in India has been asked to pay the bribe at-least once in their lifetime. According to the Indian Corruption Study 2005, “Common citizens of the country pay a bribe of Rs. 21,068 crores while availing one or more of the eleven public services in a year.” Lack of transparency in the public sector, poor tax regulation and licensing policies can be considered the root causes of corruption in India. Bribing a public servant to get the work done quickly has been a common ritual there and Indians have somewhat gotten used to it. However, an Anti-corruption campaign led by Anna Hazare in 2011 has been an eyeopener for both the government and the citizens. Ten’s of thousands of citizens joined the movement forcing the government to pass a new Anti-Corruption bill (Lokpal Bill) in the Parliament. In 2015, to fight against corruption; The Prime Minister of India took a drastic step and announced the demonetization of the rupee to control tax invasion and eradicate black money from the country. Such movements is a proof that if the people and the government of the nation unite and work together, they can eradicate the problems. Some effort made in the present can help India to be the superpower in the future.

Growing population has been the biggest hindrance in country’s growth and India is the second most populous country in the world after china. To be a superpower, the nation should be able to manage its man power and resources and distribute them evenly. But, because of the enormous population, it has been tough for India to maintain the balance. However, due to various population control campaigns and increase in the number of educated people, a slight decline in the growth rate  has been observed. Rema Nagrajan in her article, “The Myth of India’s population explosion,” stated “India’s total fertility rate — a measure of the number of children born to a woman during her lifetime — was down from 5.9 in 1951 to 2.3 in 2011.” If India successes in stabilizing its population then it has good chances of being the superpower.

To sum up, Corruption and Population explosion can be a big problem for any country. But despite of that if a country is able to make constant progress and at such a fast pace then it really has immense potential to be the Superpower.

Works Cited

2012. N.p.: Authorhouse, 2012. 11-12. Web.

“Home Countries India: World Democracy Profile.” India: World Audit Democracy Profile. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Dec. 2016.

“India – Corruption.” Foreign Law Guide (n.d.): 1. Web.

“The Myth of India’s Population Explosion.” Times Of India Blogs. N.p., 22 June 2016. Web. 05 Dec. 2016.

A11 Definition Rewrite – aaspiringwriter

Potential Superpowers

Superpower nation possesses the ability to influence worldwide events and project its power on a global scale. Ever since the disintegration of the soviet union, America has been the only superpower. America has been dominating through the combined-means of technological, cultural, military and economic strengths. However, with more and more countries contributing to the global economy and becoming stronger in all the other aspects, there have been rise in the speculations of the next Potential Superpower. Potential Superpower is a term used for the countries who can possibly achieve superpower status in the 21st century; due to their economic potential, large markets, growing military and influence in international affairs. China, The European Union, India and Russia are the most speculated contenders for supremacy, but because of the problems such as poverty, corruption, population explosion and pollution these countries might simply remain emerging powers, as opposed to potential superpowers.

The predictions of the potential superpower are never perfect and keeps on changing with the changing economy of the countries and the power they posses on a global domain. For example, in the 1980s, Japan due to its large GDP and high economic growth was anticipated to be the next superpower.  However, Japan’s economy crashed in 1991, creating a long period of economic slump in the country which is yet to be recovered. As per the world bank annual GDP growth statistics; In 1961 Japan was estimated to reach a GDP of 12.5 by 2015. However, it declined to 0.5 by the end of 2015. Gaining supremacy is a tough task. It’s about gaining stability and keeping it consistent on a global level. Any of the countries who wish to attain the superpower status have a tough road ahead. The government and the people will have to work together and stand out as a strong and a united nation.

Talking about China, In the past few decades China has been identified as the most prominent economic growth and military superpower. China’s rise is demonstrated by its terrific share of trade in its gross domestic product. It has already outpaced USA in terms of purchasing power parity (PPP).  Prableen Bajpai, in her article, “The World’s Top 10 Economies,” states that “China is estimated to pull ahead of the U.S. steadily in the following years, taking over the lead position as the world’s largest economy; in fact, in its October 2012 World Economic Outlook report, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) projected that China’s gross domestic product (GDP) would outpace that of the U.S. as early as 2017.” According to which, china is predicted to outpace U.S. in terms of GDP and be the number one economic superpower in the world. It is only possible if china continues to grow its economy. However, Chinese economy has recently taken a decline,  which is a major concern. Along with the economy, it must also meet its internal and external challenges and make some fundamental political changes. It must deal with its aging population and gender imbalance produced by its one child policy.  Also deal with its water shortage problems, pollution problems and create more and more jobs to deal with the unemployment. It must also make contributions in the field of science, research and innovation and build a stronger military in-order to become the superpower.

The biggest competition of China in the race of being the Superpower is India. India is the biggest democracy in the world and with its 1.2 billion population, mostly consisted of young people, it possesses a great potential. India can benefit from china’s declining economy and can quickly attain the spot of the fastest emerging economies in the world. In an Economic Times Article, “India’s growth rate set to surpass china this year: World Bank,” Kaushik Basu, World Bank Chief Economist and Senior Vice President, claims that “With an expected growth of 7.5 per cent this year, India is, for the first time, leading the World Bank’s growth chart of major economies,” which means India will surpass China whose growth rate is 7.1 per cent this year and be the major economy in the world. Along with the economy, the factors that plays in Indias favor are its magnificent resources, its foreign relations, role in international politics, science and technology, Indian Armed forces etc. On the other hand poverty, pollution, unemployment, illiteracy, communal violence, social divide, gender and caste inequality and disputes with its neighboring countries are the factors that don’t play in Indias favor and it will have to pass these hurdles to become the superpower.

The European Union(EU) is also a great contender for the superpower. With its large economy probably largest in the world, large population, high quality lifestyle and low inflation rates it certainly is in a very good position. Despite of that, it hasn’t been very successful in establishing a unified foreign policy and project strong military power, which are essential for a superpower nation. If we consider Russia it only has powerful armed forces at the moment and it hence may never become a superpower. Brazil is another emerging nation with great potential. It has managed to sought a serious global economic and political power, however presently it can only manage to be the emerging power rather than the potential superpowers, with a hope to shape the world in the future.

The World Wars and many other Cultural, Demographic and Geographic conditions have crumbled the superpower nations of the past and continues to crumble the current contenders. It’s difficult for countries to get back on their knees or fight against their problems. The  U.S. has never observed massive industrial destruction or civilian casualties unlike Europe or Asia. Post War it has been able to build up a strong industrial and technological infrastructure, advanced military strength which is the strongest in the world and has managed to retain it since. Other countries have a great potential in being the superpower but their problems are way more drastic and impossible to overcome, at least at the moment. They will have to be a lot more than just the biggest economy if they want to attain the title of the Superpower nation of the world.

Works Cited

(ICFAI), Prableen Bajpai CFA. “The World’s Top 10 Economies.” Investopedia. N.p., 14 Oct. 2016. Web. 03 Dec. 2016.

“World Economic Outlook Database October 2014.” World Economic Outlook Database October 2014. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Dec. 2016.

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Robust Verbs – aaspiringwriter

Vancouver has been battling against the crimes committed by addicts who would go to any extent to take hold of the drug. Obsession of drugs prevents the addicts from maintaining steady jobs, interactions and relationships. The “free heroin for addicts” program stops the addicts from committing crimes such as breaking, entering and stealing. While the program doesn’t end addiction, it does reduce crime rates in the city by providing the addicts free heroin in the cleanest possible way and thus keeping them off the streets. Such arrangement might save the city but the addicts will still be dependent on heroin.

 

Enough About You – aaspiringwriter

Money seems to have a big role in our society; we can’t do much or get far if we don’t have any money. Money is valuable in different ways, even when it isn’t visible physically. In today’s society we must have faith in the government and in the banking system that our money is being handled in the proper manner, if not then we would have to hide all of our money under our mattress or around the house. We have no clue what happens in the banks, or how they take care of our money. We always thought money was simple; we either have money or we don’t—that’s it. However, being introduced to this assignment, the Yap Fei, US gold, French francs, Brazilian cruzeros, and debit accounts now seem similar. No one actually sees their money being transferred. When we get paid, we aren’t handed cash or a physical check, instead it’s directly transferred to our bank account and we just have to trust that we got more money.