Enough About You – nyctime7

Money seems to have a big role in our society; you can’t do much or get far if you don’t have any. Money is valuable in different ways, even when you don’t see it physically. In today’s society you must have faith in the government and in the banking system that your money is being handled with in the proper manner, if not then you would have to hide all of your money under your mattress or around your house. I have no clue what happens in the banks, or how they take care of your money. I always thought money was simple; you either have some or you don’t—that’s it. However, being introduced to this assignment, the Yap Fei, US gold, French francs, Brazilian cruzeros, and debit accounts now seem similar. No one actually sees their money being transferred. When you get paid, you aren’t handed cash, you don’t receive a physical check, the money’s all directly transferred to your bank account, and you just have to trust that you got more money.


Money dictates what people can and can’t do in life. Money has value in both physical and virtual form. We sometimes store money in our own houses as an alternative, when we don’t trust the government and banking. We don’t all know how banks work or how they handle our money. I originally thought money was simple; either we had it or we didn’t. This assignment has shown me that the Yap Fei, US gold, French francs, Brazilian cruzeros, and debit accounts are very similar. We don’t always literally see our money being transferred. When paid, due to the absence of cash and checks, we’re left to trust that money was transferred to our bank accounts.

White Paper – nyctime7

Practice Opening

The unforgivable acts of police brutality, should sometimes be forgiven. Outrage sparked from cop killings is misdirected, and in turn makes matters worse. It’s easy to point fingers and call police racist, but is it their fault? Under various circumstances, any human being is capable of committing acts of violence. Mainstream media’s constant portrayal of “good” and “bad” people, conditions people into developing a bias towards certain groups of people. Whether or not said bias is realized, it can very well influence a person’s actions in everyday life. Since police officers are still normal humans, it’s reasonable to assume that their inherent bias can one day come to fruition. Movements like “Black Lives Matter” only shed light on a piece of a larger problem, that law enforcement needs to be rebuilt.


Statistically speaking, cops don’t kill blacks as much as they kill other races. In 2015, 50% of police shootings were white, while 26% were black. The fact that more than half of the population is white while 13% is black might initially show racist treatment, but according to the 2009 statistics of the Bureau of Justice Statistics, this isn’t true. Those statistics showed that blacks were charged with 62% of robberies, 57% of murders, and 45% of assaults in 75% of the counties in the country. More crimes in minority communities results in more police altercations and possibilities of lethal force. 4% of black homicides were from police officers, less than that of the 12% of white and Hispanics. Though an unarmed black man is statistically more likely to be killed by a cop, it may not necessarily be whole story. Minority officers are 3.3 times more likely to open fire at a crime scene than a white officer. Blacks have statistically killed more cops than cops have killed blacks.

This article seems slightly bias fueled. May not be used as a source.


Different police departments handle police shootings differently. Until recently, asking departments to find reliable data to quantify ALL police shootings analyze them was a near impossible task. Emotionally charged accusations had no real basis to actually conclude whether or not police shootings were in fact racist. In a 2008 study published by the Journal of Personal and Social Psychology, it was found that people in the US implicitly associate black people with apes. Another study, “Across the Thin Blue Line: Police Officers and Racial Bias in the Decision to Shoot,” showed that officers in larger cities/areas with more minorities were more likely to show black bias.


The system is set up to make minorities look a certain way. Big cities are primarily populated with minorities, especially blacks. Mainstream media, specifically news stations, are based within cities and cover the news of urban neighborhoods. That doesn’t mean crimes don’t happen in suburban or primarily white neighborhoods. Unconsciously, Americans are conditioned to associate crime with minorities. This can potentially affect any person, including cops, regardless of that cops race. Since police essentially operate as a “pattern matching machine”, this can easily result in a false sense of danger when they associate “criminal” to the minority at hand. It may not be the result of intentional racist, but it is indeed still racism.


The police force has become more like a military force. Life hasn’t gotten so bad that such force is needed, yet innocent situations are treated like acts of war. Search warrants become possible fatalities at the hands of SWAT. SWAT teams are being deployed more than ever, as much as 5 times a day. This mindset has made its way to everyday police officers. Some see themselves as soldiers after targets, using force if they see fit. Why should an officer’s life be considered more valuable than another person? Hesitation only invites the possibility of harm to the officer. More times than not, these killings are justified, and the police aren’t held responsible.


Studies that conclude that there is no racial bias in police shootings aren’t to be fully trusted. There is no actual database that correlates with such findings, so it is foolish to make that assumption. That doesn’t mean that the studies themselves are useless. They’re part of a bigger and developing story that is only now being studied. Some people may not be able to see the difference between the two, which leads to further false assumptions. It’s important that assumptions are not taken as facts, as this only delays finding real answers. Studies may show that blacks are convicted of crimes more than other races, but that doesn’t necessarily tackle the question of whether or not blacks are targeted more for those crimes. While not all cops are purposely racist, it’s true that all Americans have some level of unconscious racism.

Working Hypothesis 1

Police may be racist, but not all are operating based on said racism. This doesn’t mean that we should give some a pass and prosecute others. The issue of racism is still the problem and something must be done.

Working Hypothesis 2

Police are specifically taught to have an elevated level of racism through training. Training coupled with militarized policing, results in blacks being killed

Open Strong – nyctime7

The unforgivable acts of police brutality, should sometimes be forgiven. Outrage sparked from cop killings is misdirected, and in turn makes matters worse. It’s easy to point fingers and call police racist, but is it their fault? Under various circumstances, any human being is capable of committing acts of violence. Mainstream media’s constant portrayal of “good” and “bad” people, conditions people into developing a bias towards certain groups of people. Whether or not said bias is realized, it can very well influence a persons actions in every day life. Since police officers are still normal humans, it’s reasonable to assume that their inherent bias can one day come to fruition. Movements like “Black Lives Matter” only shed light on a piece of a larger problem, that law enforcement needs to be rebuilt.

Proposal+5 – nyctime7

For my research essay, I will be examining racism among police, and how movements like Black Lives Matter do more harm in solving the problem than good. Over the last few years, the topic of racism in the police force has become increasingly crucial. Some believe there is no such thing as racism anymore, while others think history is repeating itself. Mainstream media has covered numerous police killings, notably those of black men by white cops. This “new norm” spawned groups like Black Lives Matter, who try to bring light to the subject matter, in hopes of changing how blacks are treated. I believe racism is in fact alive in America, but I don’t necessarily believe that blacks are targeted more than other races. I’d like to examine whether or not the amount of violence towards blacks is a matter of race, or rather a problem with police as a whole. Are they treating everyone unfairly and require reform, or is there a specific disconnect between police and the black community.


  1. http://www.dailywire.com/news/7264/5-statistics-you-need-know-about-cops-killing-aaron-bandler#

The Essential Content of the Article: The media doesn’t give all of the necessary information. Apparently Hispanics and whites suffer more casualties from cops than blacks.

What it proves: Blacks are not necessarily targets, but there is a problem with police and fatalities.

  1. http://blueprint.ucla.edu/feature/police-racism-search-for-answers/


The Essential Content of the Article: Racism by police isn’t necessarily on purpose.  The bias exists but individuals might not even know it.

What it proves: Racism may be too deep-rooted to treat each cop individually. Officers may think they’re doing the right thing, but are tasked to do something wrong.

  1. https://www.rawstory.com/2016/07/a-former-officer-explains-why-racist-police-violence-occurs-even-when-cops-arent-racist/

The Essential Content of the Article: Society and media have painted the picture of blacks being more dangerous than whites. It has somewhat become a part of our culture, making certain people inherently treat minorities differently. Some of those people become cops, and unfortunately tragedies are the result of said bad conditioning.

What it proves: Some police are simply products of their environment. A current mindset of your average American is slightly bias, so it is unrealistic to expect an officer to not be affected.

  1. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/john-w-whitehead/just-shoot-the-mindset-re_b_5432716.html%3E

The Essential Content of the Article: Law enforcement has slowly adopted the attributes of the military. The lines between police and military are beginning to blur, which can very well be the cause of the increase of police shootings. Perhaps some of that power needs to be taken away or toned down.

What it proves: The problem for law enforcement is bigger than race. Racial killings are the result of a bigger problem, which is the amount of power police are given


The Essential Content of the Article: It’s hard to tell if shootings are racially motivated or not. However there are studies that show that police violence against minorities when compared to whites, does occur more often.



Polio Notes – nyctime7

  • Children are especially susceptible to polio.
  • Areas with bad hygiene are more likely to spread the disease.
  • Getting rid of polio isn’t an urgent matter for many people. Most people haven’t seen a person effected by polio, nor been affected themselves. For that reason, people would rather work on treating other widespread and prevalent diseases.
  • The combination of complacency and distrust complicate the use of vaccines.
  • Vaccinating everyone doesn’t actually save everyone. Children will die.

It’s unrealistic to think that the polio virus will be eradicated in the next 20 years, if ever. A concerted effort is required among all nations of the world, as well as unanimous trust. It’s reasonable to believe that someone somewhere will have doubts or their own agenda, which would complicate the effort. The day every nation worldwide cares enough about each other, polio can quite easily be eradicated. As long as every nation has different and separate priorities, polio will continue to exist.

Safer Saws – nyctime7

1a. Members of the Power Tool Institute claim that “A low percentage of the 30,000 annual (U.S.) table saw injuries are due to contact with the blade – most are from kickback.”

1c. This is a factual claim.

1d. The claim argues that the majority of saw injuries come from kickback and not contact with the blade. Assuming this is true, one may be persuaded to think that perhaps we’re focusing on the wrong thing. Kickback should be fixed before using SawStop. I consider this illogical because SawStop technology already exists. The fact that kickback occurs more often than contact with the blade, doesn’t eliminate the fact that contact with the blade still happens. I’d consider this a quantity over quality claim.

2a. “Between the 8% fee and the additional hardware costs, your typical $400 jobsite saw would potentially rise in cost to around $625. Your entry level table saws would all but disappear.” Quote from the author who is also a consumer.

2c. This is a causal claim.

2d. The claim that higher prices would eliminate entry level saws seems reasonable. A $100 saw could potentially cost $200 or more. I wouldn’t consider that a consumer-friendly or entry level saw. The claim can persuade a reader to side with an average consumer quite easily. Simple but effective claim.

3a. “SawStop is currently available in the marketplace to any consumer who chooses to purchase it,” says Susan Young, who represents Black & Decker, Bosch, Makita and other power tool companies.

3c. This is a factual claim.

3d. The claim argues that clearly not every consumer wants to purchase SawStop. The option to purchase one is given to everyone. While true, it doesn’t cover everyone. Yes a consumer can be safer if they choose to, but what about employees. You can be protected at home, but not at work? That seems illogical to me.

4a. The $753 benefit per table saw is many times greater than the $100 cost per saw to equip table saws with automatic safety technology, which means this safety requirement would be very cost-effective.

4c. This is a causal claim.

4d. The claim attempts to persuade the audience that the $100 investment in SawStop actually pays for itself. Using SawStop cuts down on lawsuits, paid time off, etc, thus saving $753 on average per table saw. People against SawStop frequently argue against the added cost of using it. Showing that $753 is actually saved, makes the reader question the opposition’s logic. It’s reasonable to believe that SawStop is cheaper in the long run when you consider it’s benefits.

5a. Ryszard Wec says “his permanent and “traumatic injury” could have been prevented if Bosch and its competitors had not rejected and fought against the safety technology.”

5c. This is a causal claim.

5d. The claim argues that Bosch and competitors are accountable for Wec’s injuries. The mention of permanent and “traumatic injury” draws the audience emotionally. Claiming that the technology was fought against and ultimately rejected, makes Bosch and its competitors look like bad guys. If it weren’t for these “bad guys” and their opposition to safety, Wec may not have gone through what he did. Given the success of SawStop, it’s reasonable to believe Wec would have actually been spared.

6a. The Table Saw Injury Lawyer claims that “Those who lack medical insurance suffer an unfathomable amount of pain, multiple surgeries, and a bill that they may never be able to pay so long as they are unable to work.”

6c. This is a causal claim.

6d. Those without medical insurance seem to suffer more than those without insurance. On top of pain and having to endure surgeries, they get a bill that they may never pay off. It’s not hard to imagine someone losing a hand being left jobless. It’s reasonable to assume that the bill for someone without insurance would be considerably high, and impossible to pay without a job. Simple but effective display of people effected by lack of safety.

7a. Tenenbaum says she would prefer for the industry to work out a way to license this safety brake technology and adopt it voluntarily.

7c. This is a factual claim.

7d. It’s unclear why she prefers the conflict to be resolved internally. The fact that she prefers this, signals to me that she perhaps has other plans in mind. She at least acknowledges that something should be done.

8a. Carpenters lose their livelihoods. Many people never recover. But what’s most striking is that all of those accidents are preventable.

8c. This is a causal claim.

8d. All of the saw accidents ruining the lives of various people are preventable. Perhaps misleading, as other injuries such as kickback can be dangerous accidents, and aren’t prevented by the use of SawStop. A great example of people who don’t recover are carpenters. No hands/fingers, even mangled hands/fingers can render a carpenter useless. Having the technology to prevent such accidents from occurring is illogical and very unreasonable. A quality and for the most part accurate claim.

Missing Dollar – nyctime7

There is no missing dollar. Each woman paid $10 for their $30 bill. The actual bill was $25. When the waiter pocketed $2 and returned $1 to each woman, the bill essentially became $27. The $2 in the waiter’s pocket is included in the bill because the women had no idea it was being returned to them. Each woman DID pay $9 each. 9*3=27. The $29 from adding $2 to the bill should not be accounted for, since it was already secretly added to the bill the moment the waiter put it in his pocket.

Visual Rewrite – nyctime7

0:00-0:03 The ad begins with a young white male and female, walking away from a building at night. The male is well groomed, wearing brown pants, a brown jacket, and black sunglasses. The female is wearing a black jacket, orange blouse, slight makeup, and has short hair. There is a blue neon sign “bar” on the building, implying they were at a bar. Both of them are dressed nicely, signifying at least lower-medium class.  They are both stumbling slightly, the woman more so than the man. She’s holding on to him as they walk, perhaps signifying that they’re a couple, or she needs his support to stay upright after a night of drinking. They’re both smiling as if they enjoyed themselves. There is a grey car parked in the middle of the street. The car looks about average, nothing special, yet not a clunker. Its lights aren’t on, which means it’s most likely off. The two walk slowly around the back of the car and towards the driver’s door.

0:04-0:05 The two stop walking as the camera zooms in on their faces. The man is positioned in front of the rear driver’s side door, which means he is probably the owner of the vehicle. They turn towards each other, still smiling and laughing.

0:06-0:07 The woman grabs onto the man’s jacket, as if they’re getting ready to kiss each other goodnight. A gray car is seen slowly driving by in the background, along with people leaving and entering the bar.

0:08 The two suddenly look at the camera. The woman is taken out of view, and the camera closes in on the man’s face. His facial expression changes from happiness to a more serious one, as shown by the closing of his mouth.

0:09 The man’s sunglasses suddenly disappear from his face. He fully closes his mouth and looks towards the woman with a puzzled expression. While this is happening, cars and people are quickly blurring in and out of view. Most likely showing that time is quickly elapsing.

0:10-0:11 Both the man and woman are shown once again. She suddenly lets go of his jacket with a similarly confused look. The man looks down and away from the woman, towards his right arm. She also looks towards his arm, with a confused look.

0:12 The camera orients to the man’s wrist, showing a presumably expensive watch. Like his sunglasses, the watch disappears suddenly. He frantically turns his wrist over back and forth, showing he’s both shocked and confused.

0:13 As the view positions back to the man’s face, he looks at the camera with an opened mouth. With widened eyes, he seems to be breathing heavily. His expression has evolved from one of confusion, to that of fear.

0:14-0:18 The man and woman are shown in front of the car, looking downward.  The camera zooms in on the button of the man’s jacket. The stitching of the button unravels, and the button begins to fall. The button falls to the concrete, beside the man’s feet. The view of his dress pants and shoes, quickly changes to him wearing cheap sandals and ripped jeans.

0:19-0:21 The man’s dress jacket has changed to an old/worn white tank top. He looks at the woman with raised eyebrows, with a look of shame or embarrassment. The space between them has grown, showing she may not be as interested in him as before. She looks back with lowered eyebrows with a look of disgust. A zoomed in look, shows more of that same disgust and confusion on the woman’s face, through frantic eyebrow movements. She looks around and takes a hesitant step back, suddenly disappearing herself.

0:22-0:25 Left alone and without his nice clothing, the man looks all around, still confused. The car he was standing in front of disappears, along with the crowds of people and car traffic. He looks at the camera with a look of defeat. The lights inside of the bar all turn off, as the party is most likely over. One last time, a zoomed in shot of the man shows his confusion and shock.

0:26-0:31 The words “Buzzed” appears in blue, “Busted” in red, and “Broke” in blue. Each word flashed the same way police car lights flash in red and blue. The text “Buzzed Driving is Drunk Driving” comes on screen for the remainder of the video.

E03: Critical Reading – nyctime7

Brannan is a force of keeping her family together.

  • Brannan is the matriarch of the Vines family.
  • Without her, the family would likely run into problem.

She sleeps a maximum of five hours a night, keeps herself going with fast food and energy drinks, gets Katie to and from school and to tap dance and art, where Katie produces some startlingly impressive canvases, bright swirling shapes bisected by and intersected with other swaths of color, bold, intricate.

  • For undisclosed reasons, Brannan can’t sleep for longer than 5 hours. Perhaps because of Caleb’s PTSD, her own form of PTSD, or because she simply can’t afford to.
  • 5 hours isn’t enough sleep for her.
  • She needs the aid of energy drinks and fast food to get through the day.
  • Katie goes to school, tap dance, and art daily. Brannan is responsible for transportation.
  • Katie is unexpectedly good at art.

That’s typical parent stuff, but Brannan also keeps Caleb on his regimen of 12 pills—antidepressants, anti-anxiety, sleep aids, pain meds, nerve meds, stomach meds—plus weekly therapy, and sometimes weekly physical therapy for a cartilage-lacking knee and the several disintegrating disks in his spine, products of the degenerative joint disease lots of guys are coming back with maybe from enduring all the bomb blasts, and speech therapy for the TBI, and continuing tests for a cyst in his chest and his 48-percent-functional lungs.

  • It is normal for a parent to get a lack of sleep because of their children.
  • Caleb is on a regimen of 12 pills and needs help with his treatment.
  • Caleb has numerous mental and physical ailments.
  • Brannan is responsible for making sure Caleb stays on his regimen.
  • Caleb needs weekly therapy for his mental issues.
  • Caleb has a degenerative joint disease. He has disintegrated disks in his spine and lacks cartilage in his knee as a result of the disease. He occasionally needs weekly physical therapy to treat both.
  • Many men are returning with degenerative joint disease. It is possible that repeated bomb blasts are to blame, but this is not supported with evidence.
  • Caleb has developed a speech disorder from his traumatic brain injury.
  • Caleb has a cyst in his chest that has not been completely diagnosed, and requires monitoring.
  • His lungs are less than half as functional as a healthy person.
  • It isn’t normal for a parent to have to take close care of their spouse the way Brannan does for Caleb.

She used the skills she learned as an assistant to a state Supreme Court justice and running a small newspaper to navigate Caleb’s maze of paperwork with the VA, and the paperwork for the bankruptcy they had to declare while they were waiting years for his disability benefits to come through.

  • Brannan has had at least two other jobs. Both dealing with paperwork in some form.
  • The experience from both jobs has helped her with taking care of Caleb.
  • “maze of paperwork” implies that Caleb has a lengthy record with the VA.
  • For some reason, it’s a lengthy process to receive disability benefits. Perhaps because of the amount of applicants, or because of the aforementioned lack of understanding of PTSD.
  • While waiting for years, the Vines encountered money problems and were forced to declare bankruptcy.

She also works for the VA now, essentially, having been—after a good deal more complicated paperwork, visits, and assessments—enrolled in its new caregiver program, which can pay spouses or other family members of disabled vets who have to take care of them full time, in Brannan’s case $400 a week.

  • The author feels as though Brannan works for the VA now, since she receives payment from them.
  • The process of being accepted into the new caregiver program requires more work than receiving disability benefits.
  • Brannan has to take care of Caleb full time.


Stone Money Rewrite – nyctime7

Worthless Money

The idea that money has any value, is a myth.  Money is simply the physical representation of a person’s wealth. No matter the object used as currency, it will always be a placeholder for something imaginary. It’s important to remember that there’s a difference between value and worth. As Americans, we use dollar bills as our form of money. The literal dollar bill is nothing but a piece of paper, yet we measure our worth using it. The idea that we are either rich or poor based on how many pieces of paper we have, is quite odd on the surface, but it works. Our idea of money is similar to that of the people of Yap, as well as Brazil. Money is given power by people, and can only exist when a person believes it has value.

The exchange of goods from person to person has existed from the beginning of time. The only thing that has changed, is the object various people use as currency. On the island of Yap, large stones were used as money. A person in possession of a stone, would hand over their stone, in exchange for other goods. In many cases, these stones were too large to actually be exchanged, and transactions were essentially made on “good faith”. An example of this is shown in “The Island of Stone Money” by Milton Friedman. Friedman tells the story about a family that lost a very large stone due to a shipwreck overseas. The people of Yap acted as if the stone was never lost, and treated the family accordingly. This practice was accepted as a logical means of trade for the people of Yap, regardless of physical possession of stone. To the modern person, the people of Yap, probably seem like fools. I myself even questioned their logic, until I compared stones to dollar bills. American methods of trade are surprisingly very similar to those of the Yap. We trade pieces of paper for other goods, given that another person believes our paper is worth the exchange. With the use of banks and credit cards, money is not necessarily physically seen or given, yet it is accepted as gospel. Current monetary systems may be more modernized, but at its core, is just as “crazy” as trading stones for actual goods.

In the 1990’s, Brazil faced one of their worst economic problems, inflation. The president at the time printed an excess of money, which resulted in the downfall of the cruzeiro. In the blink of an eye, the price of an item would change. In “How Fake Money Saved Brazil”, Chana Joffe-Walt says people would have to run ahead of grocery store employees just to get the previous days prices. Many stores changed prices daily, leading people to believe nothing could be done to control inflation. This trend continued, until four men introduced a fake currency, Units of Real Value, or URVs. Unlike the cruzeiro, this fake currency, URVs, gave the illusion of stable prices. For example, a car would be priced at 10 bags of chips. Instead of that same car costing 20 bags of chips the next day as previously expected, the price of 10 bags of chips remained. The only thing that changed was how many cruzeiros a single URV was actually worth. When people noticed the stability of URVs, their fear of rampant price changing began to dissipate. This lead to Brazil’s economy stabilizing, and the cruzeiro being replaced with the real. Like the people of Yap, Brazilians had to believe in their currency for it to flourish. The use of URVs gave people the idea that prices had stopped rising, when really they rose and fell like any other currency.

Prior to my research, I thought my $1 was actually worth $1. In reality, that $1 could be worth more or less than the value printed on the bill. Someone may be willing to sell me a car for $1, just as another person may want more for a bag of chips. I never realized how we operate on a system of good faith, especially in our modern lives. If my failed tomorrow, I’d have little to no physical items to prove that I’m worth what I say I’m worth. We’re simply trading pieces of paper, given value by the government, as representations of worth. As long as someone wants another person’s dollar bills, they’ll have some sort of worth, but the second they change their minds, that same person becomes worthless. Don’t get me wrong, this system is needed in order to make transactions, but if we as a society stopped believing in the dollar, are we really worth anything?



Works Cited


Friedman, Milton. “The Island of Stone Money.” The Island of Stone Money(1991): 3-7. Web. 10 Sept. 2016.

Joffe-Walt, Chana. “How Fake Money Saved Brazil.” NPR. NPR, 4 Oct. 2010. Web.