Research Position Paper — dragon570

No Helmets In Football!

Over the years, the NFL has been under fire after the public has learned the consequences for NFL players during or after their careers. As a result, some parents are scared to put their children into a sport that could lead to brain disease. I have found that if football players tackle just like rugby players, safer tackling could cause fewer concussions for football, in general. However, tackling differently will only be effective if the NFL gets rid of the helmets. Football players think that since they have helmets and pads they are invincible, however, they can still get injury even with the helmets and pads on. Football helmets don’t help the players’ neck from being rotated if the football player was hit a certain way that can cause a player to break their neck. Players should play some of the drills in practice without helmets because that will force them to protect their head. Some players tend to lean into a tackle head first and by doing so they have a higher risk of concussions just because of poor tackling. Football player have been taught to lean in with their shoulder, however, if a player tries to lean in with their shoulder, the helmet will get in the way and cause the helmet to hit the other players’ pads first before the shoulder even makes contact with the other players’ body.

On Quora, Ryan Quirk answers the question, “Why does football have a much bigger concussion problem than rugby even though rugby players wear far less protection?” by saying “I think the helmets worn in American Football do more harm then [sic] good. The player relies on it to protect him instead of correctly positioning his head when tackling.” Football players have put their bodies on the lines because they have a misconception that when they have pads on they are safe from all hits that come their ways big or small. Their not because the helmets and pads don’t prevent concussions. Having no helmets will have players be more cautious of the way they tackle because it will be easier for them to receive a concussion if they use their head and cause a player to change the way they tackle. The NFL would probably have fewer concussion if the players just were very mindful of the body.

Rugby uses a different tackling method that causes fewer concussions than the NFL. People may think that Rugby having few concussions than football is weird because the NFL uses helmets and the Rugby does not. A football player is taught to us this shoulders to make a correct tackle but it is hard for the player to get around to using their shoulders when they have a huge helmet on their head. However, the way rugby players tackle is completely different because they have to lean in with their shoulder and put their head to the opposite side of the ball-carriers, wrap their arms around the other player and drive forward to make the tackle. Rugby players make an legal tackle by not wrapping their arms around the ball-carrier first before they drive them to the ground. Rugby players cannot hit a player from his side; that is an illegal tackle. Unlike rugby the NFL blind-side hits are legal. Blind side hits are the leading type of tackles which can cause concussions.  In the video, on A7FL website they talked how football players hit their helmet on every play even when they are not tackle someone. I read that players hit another players’ padding more than 1,000 times a season and adding a players’ average amount of years they play by the time they retire their brain is damaged.

American 7s football league (A7FL for short ) that doesn’t have their players wearing helmets. The number of players on the field is also a factor because the amount of players getting hit every play. The A7FL only allows 7 players on the field for each team, whereas, the NFL allows 11 players on the field. The A7FL has players tackle differently because they don’t use helmets. A defensive player has to wrap his arms around a players body before making a tackle.

Some people may think that if the NFL gets rid of helmets it would be like watching Rugby and their is no point in watching American football anymore. The NFL may be like watching Rugby but there will be similarities and differences just like other sports. For example, A7FL and the national football league. They have the same concept of score a touchdown, however, they are different because A7FL allow players to wear helmets and the NFL does so the way they tackle is different. The NFL may look like Rugby but their will also be differences, such as, The NFL will still have pads and the same number of players on the field as usually but the only thing that will change is that the NFL will be tackling the same as Rugby. The NFL may look like Rugby, but the football players would be less likely to receive concussions if they tackle the correct way like Rugby does. Rugby will still have the same rules as they do now.

A helmet is lined with thick padding all around the helmet. Helmet industries thought they solved the problem by adding padding inside the helmets. A helmets main responsibility (if not its only) is to protect the head from skull fractures, but head injuries do still happen. Even with all of the padding in a helmet concussions come from within the brain. While the padding protects from skull fractures, the brain is still moving around in our head banging against our skull and the more hits to the brain the worse it gets. Continuous hits that are making the brain hit against the skull cause the brain to function less.

People may think that I am crazy and begin to think of different ways to lessen the amount of concussions that the NFL has and also keep helmets in the game of football. Having players get rid of their helmet in a sport that is mainly about physical contact on every play is outrageous. Changing the way players tackle is the biggest factor because if a player is trying to tackle someone without a helmet the same way as NFL players tackle wouldn’t be effective.

Even now with how much padding a player has it is very hard for a player to tackle another player without hitting his head on any part of the opponents body at least once in a game. Adding more padding can cause the helmet to become bigger and harder for the player to avoid tackling without hitting the helmet of the other players’ body. Having a bigger helmets will cause a players’ to add pressure to his neck. The bigger the helmet the more the person could be vulnerable. Even the way the helmet is designed now it is hard for the player to avoid not getting his helmet to not hit the other players’ pads.

Another option, is to tackling differently but still have helmets on. That could do the trick, however, the best way to make a rugby tackle is to have the helmets off because the way Rugby players tackle is to lean in with their shoulder and the arms are the first to make contact to the other players’ body. If someone adds the same football helmet as American football has today and includes the same kind of Rugby tackling it wouldn’t work as effectively because the football helmet would be in the way of the player that is trying to tackle the opposing player. For instance, If a player leans his head to the side and wraps his arms around the player he would have almost got the tackle right but the only thing that is in the way is having the helmet on which can cause the defensive player to hit their head against the offensive players’ body.

In Dr. Warren King’s statement in the article by Alex Goff, “Concussions: Rugby Can Help Football” Dr. King states that “We’ve learning more and more that these small concussions over time in a variety of sports can have a serious, lasting effect later in life.” The multiple times a player gets hit in the helmet from a simple tackle can add up and become a very serious issue. Having their brain hit against their skull is very dangerous because the brain is the powerhouse of our body and getting hit every time a player is on the field can be very dangerous down the road in his life after his football career.

The brain is the most vital part of everyone’s body because it houses our neurons which allows us to walk, talk, and move. A single hard hit, or a series of smaller hits, can cause players’ to receive concussions, or a player being paralysis, or worse. Football is a sport that players can go into a game and after one very hard helmet-to-helmet hit it can cause them to end their career early. A collection of hard hit versus a one big hard hit can out weigh a hard hit because it can hurt a player later in his life. In the NFL, most of the players are getting hit in the head region every down because they have a big helmet that can get in the way of them trying to block their opponents from getting to their quarterback. In football, players with more than 1 concussion can be detrimental to their brain because their brain is getting worse, and worse with every hit to the head. Some players don’t tell their coaches that they have a concussion, but players should definitely let their coaches know because not letting anyone know can cause more harm than good. For example, what if the concussion is worse than what the player thought it would be. Sometimes a player doesn’t notify his coach when they have a concussion because they don’t want to be taken out of the game. A players’ brain may get worse over time and cause him to be mental rehabilitated. Thomas Drysdale talks about how football players suffer from Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). He shows how doctors say that this disease can be caused by the repeated hits to the head and how this disease can lead to a football players’ death. He gave two examples of linebacker Junior Seau and Chicago Bears’ star safety Dave Duerson both suffered from CTE and need up ending their own lives.

Back then, players families sued the NFL for their negligence for a football players’ health. Over the years, NFL has taken better care of their players’ ever since the stories about the injuries that can occur after being in the NFL. For example, Junior Seau was one of the best linebackers in the league during his time in the NFL. He made headlines when the world found out that he shot himself in the chest at the age of 43. His family was devastated and sued the NFL after they found out about Junior Seau’s brain report . Studies showed that Junior Seau had “‘a degenerative brain disease linked to repeated head hits and brain trauma.” Junior Seau’s family won the case and ever since that came out people believe that the NFL has been trying to help make the game safer for the players.

Steven Laurey is Belgian neurologist who went on Ted talks to speak about the dangers of having hits taken to the head. Throughout his speech he uses Muhammad Ali (The greatest boxer of all time) as an example of what happen to a person that spend years in a sport that has athletes taking punches to the head and face. His main concept is that athletes that get hits taken repeatedly to their head can cause the nerves in their brain to stop working over time because of how many time the brain has hit against the wall of the skull. He shows the audience that after getting hit in the head some many times an athletes can form an abnormal prudent that is toxic to the brain and over time it gets worse and worse causing the athlete to slowly turn into an insane person. He states that there isn’t a cure for the disease. Our brain just continues to get smaller and smaller over time and causes for more diseases to occur.

Some people may think about the technology that doctors use today that study on the brains activity during football games. Doctors have come up with technology that shows the brain activity within the brain. Even with this study it doesn’t prevent the players from receiving concussions, rather, it just shows the doctors the measure of the impact, where the brain made contact with the skull, and how hard it hit the skull. The University of New Hampshire studied this technology. In Jenny Vrentas article, “Helmetless Football? It’s the New Practice at New Hampshire” she states that “at first the University of New Hampshire football players were skeptical when they started practicing without helmets, but this technique is not only making them more cautious about their heads, it is also helping them improve their game.” After having this research done their is a great number of teams that are having some practice drill without helmets. It makes the players rethink the ways they use to tackle another player to the ground.

If the NFL changes the way football players tackle and get rid of helmets it will lessen the concussion rate because players will be more cautious of their head. Tackling like rugby players do will decrease the number of times that the players hits their face against the other players’ pads. Studies will shows that players aren’t receiving any diseases after their years of football. Throughout my research, I was surprised that some people were on board to get rid of helmets in practice. Having players tackle without helmets will definitely change the game of football in a better and more safer way.

Work Cited:

A7FL. “Safety – A7FL.A7FL. A7FL, n.d. Web. 06 Nov. 2016

Brain Concussion – Shake It and You Break It | Steven Laureys | TEDxLiège. Dir. Dr. Steven     Laureys. Perf. Steven Laureys. YouTube. YouTube, 2 May 2016. Web. 06 Nov. 2016.

Concussion: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention.” WebMD. ebMD, n.d. Web. 07 Nov. 2016.

Dawson, Peter. “Rugby Tries – How and Where You Score Tries in Rugby.” RugbyHow. RugbyHow, n.d. Web. 07 Nov. 2016.

Drysdale, Thomas A. “Journal of Legal Medicine.” Helmet-to-Helmet Contact: Avoiding a Lifetime Penalty. Taylor And Francis Online, 13 Dec. 2013. Web. 06 Nov. 2016.

Fawcett, Robert. “Pads and Helmets: Rugby vs. Gridiron.” Pads and Helmets: Rugby vs. Gridiron. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Dec. 2016.

Goff, Alex. “Concussions: Rugby Can Help Football.” The Post Game. RugbyMAG, 15 Oct. 2013. Web. 4 Dec. 2015.

Haislop, Tadd. “Football Helmets Are Creating More Problems than They Solve.” Sporting News. Sporting News, 28 May 2015. Web. 20 Nov. 2016.

Lemco, Tyler. Lemco: Why Football Needs Less Pads. Computer software. CBS Local Sports. CBS, 3 July 2015. Web. 04 Dec. 2016.

Quirk, Ryan, Jason McDonald, Meehawl Mofiodh, PJ Coward, Cameron Rudderham, Simon McCormack, and Gary Snook. “Re: Why Does Football Have a Much Bigger Concussion Problem than Rugby Even Though Rugby Players Wear Far Less Protection?” Blog comment. Quora. Quora, 13 July 2015. Web. 4 Dec. 2016.

Vrentas, Jenny. “Helmetless Football? It’s the New Practice at New Hampshire.” The MMQB. Muscles and Medicine, 4 Dec. 2014. Web. 04 Dec. 2016.

 

Rebuttal Rewrite — dragon570

No Helmets In Football!

In football their are a lot of people who have gotten head injuries because of poor tackling. I came across a few articles and came up with an idea of having no helmets in football and just have the players learn how to tackle differently. After hearing that last sentence people may think that I was crazy and begin to think of different ways to lessen the amount of concussions in the NFL and by also keep helmets on. Having players get rid of their helmet in a sport that is mainly about physical contact on every play is outrageous. Having changed the way players tackle is the biggest factor. For example, if a player tries to tackle someone the same way as the NFL, without a helmet it wouldn’t be effective.

People would argue that if football helmets aren’t actually working the industries that make helmets should just add more padding. If helmet industries try that technique the brain isn’t the only things that they have to worry about, but also the football players neck because it will cause players to hold a bigger helmet that can put more pressure on their neck. However, having padding doesn’t help the brain from banging against the wall of players’ skull. It would just protect from skull fractures, but if we get rid of the helmets than players would be more cautious of their head on (both sides of the ball). Even now with how much padding they have now it’s very hard for a player to tackle a player without hitting his head on any part of the other players’ body at least once in one game and adding no padding can cause the helmet to become bigger and harder for the player to avoid tackling without hitting the helmet of the other player.

Another option, tackling differently but still have to helmets on. That could do the trick but the best way to make a rugby tackle is to have the helmets off because the way rugby players tackle is by leaning in with their shoulder and their will be arms the first to make contact to the other players’ body. If someone adds the same football helmets as American football and includes that same kind of rugby tackling it wouldn’t work as effectively because the football helmet is in the way of the football player that trying to make a tackle on the opposing player. For instance, If a player leans his head to the side and wraps his arms around the other player he will almost have the tackle right but the only thing that is in the way is having the helmet on which can cause the defensive player to hit his head against the offensive players’ body.

People may think that playing without helmets will cause more concussions. However, during my research I have found that their is a football league that allows players to play without helmets but the players tackle differently from how football players tackles. Players will have to learn how to tackle differently than how they were taught when they were younger because for the new tackling method to work and cause less concussions players will have to play without helmets. In the video on A7FL website Ryan DePaul talked how football players hit their helmet on every play even when they’re not tackling someone, it could just be from a simple block that causes players’ to hit their head on one another. Also, I read that players hit another players’ padding more than 1,000 times a season and adding a football players average amount of years they play pro football it will show that by the time they retire their brain is severely damage.

Doctors have come up with technology that shows the brain activity within the brain. Some people may think about the technology that doctors have today that study about the brains activity during football games. Even with this study it doesn’t prevent players from receiving a concussion, rather, it just shows the doctors the measure of the impact, where the brain made contact with the skull and how hard it hit the skull. The University of New Hampshire studied this technology. In Jenny Vrentas’ article, “Helmetless Football? It’s the New Practice at New Hampshire” she states “At first the University of New Hampshire football players were skeptical when they started practicing without helmets, but this technique is not only making them more cautious about their heads, it is also helping them improve their game.” After having this research done their are a great number of teams that are having some practice drill without helmets. It makes the players rethink the ways they use to tackle another player to the ground.

Some people may think that if the NFL gets rid of helmets it would be like watching Rugby and their is no point in watching American football anymore. It may be like watching Rugby, but there will be similarities and differences just like others sport. For example, A7FL and the National Football League. They have the same concept of scoring a touchdown, however, they are different because A7FL players don’t have helmets and the NFL does as a result, A7FL tackles differently from the NFL. The NFL may look like Rugby but their will also be differences, such as, The NFL will still have pads and the same number of players on the field as usually but the only thing that will change is that the NFL will be tackling the same as Rugby. Rugby will still have the same rules as they do now. The football players would be less likely to receive a concussion if they tackle the correct way like Rugby players do. All sports are similar in some way because they all have an objective of scoring points for their team and some rules are the same in all sports. The differences could be that their is no physical contact or lots of physical contact.

Work Cited:

A7FL. “Safety – A7FL.” A7FL. A7FL, n.d. Web. 06 Nov. 2016

Vrentas, Jenny. “Helmetless Football? It’s the New Practice at New Hampshire.” The MMQB. Muscles and Medicine, 4 Dec. 2014. Web. 04 Dec. 2016.

Causal Rewrite — dragon570

No More Helmets In Football!

The battle between are helmets really safe in the National Football League as been going on for years now. This is the first time I have heard that football players shouldn’t wear helmets and players’ should just tackle differently. As a result, with no helmets in football, players will be more cautious of their head when going in for a tackle. I propose the NFL eliminates helmets. Players will soon learn to tackle differently or get hurt.

The brain is the most vital part of everyone’s body because it houses our neurons which allows us to walk, talk, and move. A single hard hit, or a series of smaller hits, can cause players to receive concussions, or a player becoming paralyzed, or worse. Football is a sport that players can get go into a game and after one hard helmet-to-helmet hit can cause them to end their career early. A collection of hard hit versus a one big hard hit can out weigh a hard hit because it can hurt a player later in his life. In the NFL, most of the players are getting hit in the head region every down because they have a big helmet that can get in the way of them trying to block their opponents from getting to their quarterback. In football, players with more than one concussions can be detrimental to their brain because their brain is getting worse, and worse with every hit to the hard.

Back then, players families sued the NFL for their negligence for a football players’ health. Over the years, NFL has taken better care of their players’ ever since the stories about the injuries that can occur with players’ lives after being in the NFL. For example,  Junior Seau a famous linebacker made headlines when the world found out that he had shot himself in the chest at the age of 43. His family was devastated and sued the NFL after they found out about Junior Seau’s brain report. Studies showed that Junior Seau had “a degenerative brain disease linked to repeated head hits and brain trauma.” Junior Seau’s family won the case and ever since that came out the people believe that the NFL has been trying to help make the game safer for the players. Sometimes a player doesn’t notify their coach when they have a concussion because they don’t want to be taken out of the game permanently.

American 7s football league (A7FL for short ) doesn’t allow their players to wear helmets. The number of players on the field is also a factor because of the amount of players getting hit every play. In A7FL, they only allow 7 people on each play, whereas, the NFL allows 11 players on the field. In A7FL. players they have a different way of tackling because they don’t use helmets. A defensive player has to wrap his arms around a other players’ body before make a tackle. Same as Rugby players who have to tackle their opponents to the ground. When football players wear their helmets it can cause them to put their body at more dangerous situations than if they didn’t have any helmets. If they didn’t have helmets on they would want to protect their head as much as possible or if they didn’t protect their head it could lead to a career ending injury and their life will changing dramatically. Helmets can make players’ think they are indestructible because they have all of this protection around their body. Football players misconception is that they are protected from hard hits because of the padding that they have on. A football players is taught to use their shoulders to make a correct tackle, but the tackle can be hard for players to get their arms around their opponent because they have a big helmet on their head.

Steven Laurey is Belgian neurologist who went on Ted talks to speak about the dangers of having hits taken to the head. Throughout his speech he uses Muhammad Ali (The greatest boxer of all time) as an example of what happen to a person that spend years in a sport that has athletes taking punches to the head and face. His main concept is that athletes that get hits taken repeatedly to their head can cause the nerves in their brain to stop working over time because of how many time the brain has hit against the wall of the skull. He shows the audience that after getting hit in the head some many times an athletes can form an abnormal prudent that is toxic to the brain and over time it gets worse and worse causing the athlete to slowly turn into an insane person. He states that there isn’t a cure for the disease. Our brain just continues to get smaller and smaller over time and causes for more diseases to occur.

Helmet to Helmet contact is a very serious situation because a hard hit to the head cause two players to lose consciousness and they can be out for the remainder of the season or even worse ending their career. Some players don’t tell their coaches that they have a concussion, but players should definitely let their coaches know about their concussion because not letting anyone know can cause more harm than good For example, what if the concussion is worse than what the player thought it was be. Their brain may get worse over time and cause the player to be mental rehabilitated. Thomas Drysdale talks about how football players suffer from Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). He shows how doctors say that this disease can be caused by the repeated hits to the head and how this disease can lead to a football players’ death. He gave two examples of linebacker Junior Seau and Chicago Bears’ star safety Dave Duerson both suffered from CTE and need up ending their own lives.

Work Cited:

A7FL. “Safety – A7FL.” A7FL. A7FL, n.d. Web. 06 Nov. 2016

Brain Concussion – Shake It and You Break It | Steven Laureys | TEDxLiège. Dir. Dr. Steven      Laureys. Perf. Steven Laureys. YouTube. YouTube, 2 May 2016. Web. 06 Nov. 2016.

Drysdale, Thomas A. “Journal of Legal Medicine.” Helmet-to-Helmet Contact: Avoiding a Lifetime Penalty. Taylor And Francis Online, 13 Dec. 2013. Web. 06 Nov. 2016.

Reflective — dragon570

Core Value I. My work demonstrates that I used a variety of social and interactive practices that involve recursive stages of exploration, discovery, conceptualization, and development.

I have demonstrated core value one that I have made revisions to my work in my Definition Rewrite. I kept working on my Definition argument to make it better for my portfolio. I added more of the stuff I researched later on after I wrote my first draft. I learned that the more I rewrite and make my can prove the paper. In class, I learned that rewriting can never stop because once I see a flaw in an essay I have to go back and fixit to make sure that the paper flows throughout the paper.

Core Value II. My work demonstrates that I placed texts into conversation with one another to create meaning by synthesizing ideas from various discourse communities.

I have demonstrated core value two in my Rebuttal Argument. I understood that not a lot o people would be on board with the idea of not having helmets. I rebutted against my position so that I could eliminate the flaws in my essay. It helped me to counter argue the readers position because I listed what the readers may side with than talked about why that would be bad and then gave my reasons why it would be a bad idea.

Core Value III. My work demonstrates that I rhetorically analyzed the purpose, audience, and contexts of my own writing and other texts and visual arguments.

I have demonstrated core value three about my audience being the industries that are creating helmets and the NFL as a whole. For example, in my hypothesis on my white paper wanted to let  the NFL and the helmet industries know that the football league should change the rules and how the way they tackle in general.

Core Value IV: My work demonstrates that I have met the expectations of academic writing by locating, evaluating, and incorporating illustrations and evidence to support my own ideas and interpretations.

I have demonstrated core value four in my Causal Rewrite. I showed that my research helps to illustrate my position on football helmets and how dangerous they are. In my the fifth paragraph of my causal rewrite when I talked paraphrased what Steven Laurey states in the TED talks speech. I showed the evidence of what I learned in during the time I research through the sources that I have come up with.

Core Value V. My work demonstrates that I respect my ethical responsibility to represent complex ideas fairly and to the sources of my information with appropriate citation.

I have demonstrated core value five in my argumentative papers that in order to win my reader over I would have to do my research and find why the position I am write about is right. Using correct citation can help strengthen my paper because it shows the reader that I did my research on the topic that I am siding on.

Bibliography — dragon570

A7FL. “Safety – A7FL.A7FL. A7FL, n.d. Web. 06 Nov. 2016

Background: This source talks about the disadvantages that a players has when they have their helmet on during games. A7FL is a football organization that player football without helmets. It compares it’s player concussion rate to that of the NFL’s concussion rate.

How it was Used: I used it in my Casual Argument in the third paragraph because it showed how many hits player receive in one game and that can cause a player to receive a concussion.

Brain Concussion – Shake It and You Break It | Steven Laureys | TEDxLiège. Dir. Dr. Steven     Laureys. Perf. Steven Laureys. YouTube. YouTube, 2 May 2016. Web. 06 Nov. 2016.

Background: Talks about how athletes that get blows to the head repeatedly can hurt later on in their lives.

How it was Used: I used this in my Causal Argument because Steven’s main point was that multiple blows to the head can cause someone to feel the effects after awhile whether it be right that second or later down in their lives.

Concussion: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention.” WebMD. ebMD, n.d. Web. 07 Nov. 2016.

Background: It talks about what happens in the skull when a concussion occurs and also the symptoms that come with having a concussion

How it was Used: I used it in my Definition argument when I explained what happen to the brain when someone has a concussion.

Dawson, Peter. “Rugby Tries – How and Where You Score Tries in Rugby.” RugbyHow. RugbyHow, n.d. Web. 07 Nov. 2016.

Background: It goes over the basic rules of game of rugby and how it’s played.

How it was Used: I used it in my Definition argument because it help me get a better and more accurate description of how Rugby is played

Drysdale, Thomas A. “Journal of Legal Medicine.” Helmet-to-Helmet Contact: Avoiding a Lifetime Penalty. Taylor And Francis Online, 13 Dec. 2013. Web. 06 Nov. 2016.

Background: It studies the effects of Chronic  Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) has on NFL player because a football player named Junior Seau died from this disease when he shot himself. He was in the NFL for 19 seasons as a linebacker.

How it was Used: I used this article in my Causal Argument in the second paragraph. I thought it was useful because it showed that even player that had helmets on during the game can receive concussions and multiple hits to the head can cause a person to receive a concussion.

Fawcett, Robert. “Pads and Helmets: Rugby vs. Gridiron.” Pads and Helmets: Rugby vs. Gridiron. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Dec. 2016.

Background: It compares how rugby and the football are different Robert Fawcett is someone who has experience in both rugby and football and he gives his take on it.

How it was Used: I used this source in proposal +5 because it shows how football and rugby are different.

Goff, Alex. “Concussions: Rugby Can Help Football.” The Post Game. RugbyMAG, 15 Oct. 2013. Web. 4 Dec. 2015.

Background: It compares rugby to football and showing how better rugby tackling is more effective than the way football players tackle.

How it was Used: I used this source in my proposal +5 because it agreed with the idea that rugby tackling is more effective than how the NFL players tackle.

Haislop, Tadd. “Football Helmets Are Creating More Problems than They Solve.” Sporting News. Sporting News, 28 May 2015. Web. 20 Nov. 2016.

Background: It explains how football helmets are causing more harm than good.

How it was Used: I used this source in my proposal +5 because it is an article about how rugby. Also, they say that football player feel they are indestructible.

Lemco, Tyler. Lemco: Why Football Needs Less Pads. Computer software. CBS Local Sports. CBS, 3 July 2015. Web. 04 Dec. 2016.

Background: They says that rugby has less injuries than football, but they have less padding.

How it was Used: I used this source in my white paper because it helps me find the some of the flaws that for in the NFL’s way of tackling. This article also compares rugby and football tackling and says that rugby has less concussions than football and rugby wears little to no pads.

Quirk, Ryan, Jason McDonald, Meehawl Mofiodh, PJ Coward, Cameron Rudderham, Simon McCormack, and Gary Snook. “Re: Why Does Football Have a Much Bigger Concussion Problem than Rugby Even Though Rugby Players Wear Far Less Protection?” Blog comment. Quora. Quora, 13 July 2015. Web. 4 Dec. 2016.

Background: Numerous people agree that the helmets in the NFL are doing more harm than good because of the thought that they are invincible when they have their helmets and pads on but that far from the truth.

How it was Used: I used it in my proposal +5 because it was exactly the kind of source I was looking for when it came to football players thinking they’re indestructible but in actuality they aren’t.

Vrentas, Jenny. “Helmetless Football? It’s the New Practice at New Hampshire.” The MMQB. Muscles and Medicine, 4 Dec. 2014. Web. 04 Dec. 2016.

Background: It talks about how players of the University of New Hampshire once the top school for players being treated with concussions to having their no helmets during certain parts of their practice.

How it was Used: It used this source in my proposal +5 because it shows how the game is evolving. Also, having certain drills without helmets can really benefit the players into realizing that they have to protect their head more.

Rebuttal Argument — dragon570

No Helmets In Football?!

In football their are a lot of people who have gotten head injuries because of poor tackling. I came across s few articles and came up with an idea of having no helmets in football and just have the players learn how to tackle differently. After hearing that last sentence people may think that I was crazy and begin to think of different ways to lessen the concussion rate in the NFL and also keep helmets on. Having players get rid of their helmet in a sport that is mainly about physical contact on every play is outrageous.

People would argue that if football helmets aren’t actually working the industries that make helmets should find a solution to it by adding more padding. However, having padding doesn’t help the brain from banging against the wall of our skull. It would just protect from head fractures, but it we get rid of the helmets than players would be more cautious of there head on (both sides of the ball). Even now with how much padding they have now it’s very hard for a player to tackle a player without hitting their head on any part of their body at least once in one game and adding no padding can cause the helmet to become bigger and harder for the player to avoid tackling without hitting the helmet of the other player.

Another option, tackling differently but still have to helmets on. That could do the trick but the best way to make a tackle is to have the helmets off because the way they tackle in rugby to lean in with the shoulder and the arm are the first to make contact to the other players body. If someone adds the same football helmets as American football and includes that same kind of rugby tackling it would work as effectively because the football helmet is in the way of the player trying to tackle the opposing player. For instance, If a player leans their head to the side and wraps their arms around the player they’ve almost got the tackle right but the only thing that’s in the way is having the helmet on can cause the defensive player to hit their head against the offensive players body.

Work Cited

Haislop, Tadd. “Football Helmets Are Creating More Problems than They Solve.” Sporting News. Sporting News, 28 May 2015. Web. 20 Nov. 2016.

Definition Rewrite — dragon570

No Helmets In Football?!

In the National Football league (NFL) concussions happen a lot. Most of the players concussions comes from blind side hits by the defensive player. Hits to the helmets happen on every play for the game because of the size of the helmets and how the player tries to block their opponent. Since the outbreak of when the public actually found out about what happens to a players brain after playing professional football for years the NFL has been working to lower the rate of concussions. In the past, the National Football League was under fire when the public found that players would be put back into the game after they found that the symptoms have subsided. However, even if the symptoms have subsided it doesn’t mean the brain has completely healed because it takes at least a few days for the brain to heal completely of course it also depends on how hard the hit was and how much the brain has banged into skull. Blind side tackling is when a defensive player tackles a offensive player that isn’t in the offensive player lines of vision. It is a very dangerous hit because an offensive player can sustain a head/neck region injury depending on how hard the hit was. The symptoms for a concussion if poor balance, confusion, drowsiness or feeling sluggish, dizziness double vision or blurred vision, headache, and vomiting. When a football player usually has a concussion they lay on the ground and they look a little disoriented after a hit.

A concussion is when a persons the brain is bruised because they were hit really hard or hit something really hard. Brain injuries is a very serious decision in sports because players get injured all the time. Inside our skull we have our brain and if something happens where a players  brain bangs into the skull it could cause some harmful things depending on how hard the brain hits against the skull. Also, the brain is surrounded by spinal fluid and 3 layers (Dura mater, Arachnoid mater, and Pia mater) that’s between the brain and the skull but the layers and fluid have a limit on how hard the brain  hits against the skull. A concussion rate is how many concussions happened in a game.

A helmet is aligned with thick padding all around the helmet. It’s main responsibility (if not its only) is to protect the head from skull fractures, but head injuries do still happen. If with all of the padding in a helmet concussions come from within the brain. While the padding protects from skull fractures the brain is still moving around in our head banging against our skull and the more hits to the brain the worse it gets. Continuous hits that are making the brain hit against the skull cause the brain to function less.

Rugby is a sport that involves no pads, and older versions of the American football helmets from back in the day. Some rugby players still do receive concussions but not as much as football. Rugby is actually a safer sport than football as far as concussions go. People maybe think how but Rugby is safer because of the stricter way they tackle. Rugby tackling is strict because the defensive players can not hit an offensive players blind side. Also, Rugby player have to tackle a specific way to be able to bring their opponent down, they would have to lean in with their shoulder and wrap their arms around the player they are tackling and than they will be able to tackle the player. Rugby is played around the world from America, New Zealand, Japan to list a few. Different countries play against each other, like New Zealand versus America or Japan versus Great Britain. People say rugby is like American football but without pads, however, that is not the case the difference is:

  • They use a different method for tackling a player to the ground that has the ball.
  • The ball is wider in shaped than the American football.
  • The scoring is different. A “try” (touchdown) is 5 point, instead, of 6 points like the NFL.
  • When in the in-goal, the player has to have the ball touch the ground for the touchdown to be official, that’s called “grounding.”
  • Their field goal pole is in the front and middle of the in goal line. Like American football had it in the early years of football. Plus, it’s in an “H” shape.
  • The time of play is not split into 4 quarters instead it’s split into 2 halves.
  • The equipment that rugby players wear is different from the NFL’s equipment.

Work Cited:

 

Robust Verbs — dragon570

In Vancouver, heroin addicts committing crimes to support their habits. The “free heroin for addicts” program is doing everything they can to stop the addicts. Crime rates are increasing because of addicts. It is obvious that addicts have a hard time getting through their day to day lives. Activities such as jobs, interactions, and relationships are hard to maintain because of the fact that they are using. Heroin addicts will do whatever they have to do to get their hands on the drug. Burglary is a crime that can be committed. Heroin addict have no limit to where they will go to retrieve this drug just to feed their addiction. The program won’t help to ween these addicts off using heroin. The program is only trying to save the city from rising crime rates. When provided the drug, these addicts will be off the streets, which will result in committing minor street crimes. Providing the drug will also keep the heroin users out of the hospital. Hospitals have to deal with people that want to use bad drugs, or unsanitary needles; will find themselves being unable to afford hospital bills and hard to cope without the drug. The program gives heroin addicts free heroin in the cleanest way possible. The programs way will fix the city, however, not the addiction that these people face.

Enough About You — dragon570

Money seems to have a big role in our society; we can’t do much or get far if we don’t have any. In different ways, money is valuable, even when people don’t see it physically. In today’s society people must have faith in the government and in the banking system that our money is being handled with in the proper manner, if not then we would have to hide all of our money under our mattresses, or around our house. I have no clue what happens in the banks, or how they take care of my money. I always thought money was simple; I either have some or I don’t—that’s it. However, being introduced to this assignment, the Yap Fei, US gold, French francs, Brazilian cruzeros, and debit accounts now seem similar. No one actually sees their money being transferred. When we get paid, we aren’t handed cash, a physical check, but the money is directly transferred to our bank accounts, and we would just have to trust that we got more money.

Defintion Argument — dragon570

A concussion is when a person the brain is bruised because they were hit really hard or hit something really hard. Brain injuries is a very serious decision in sports because players get injured all the time. Inside our skull we have our brain and if that something happens where a persons brain bangs into the skull it could cause some harmful things depending on how hard the brain hit against the skull. Also, the brain is surrounded by fluid and 3 layers that is between the brain and the skull but they only can help to a limit when the brain hits against the skull.

Rugby is a sport that involves no pads, and older versions of the American football helmets from back in the day. Rugby is played around the world from America, New Zealand, Japan to list a few. People say rugby is like American football but without pads, however, that is not the case the difference is:

  • They use a different method for tackling a player that has the ball.
  • The ball is shaped differently than the American football.
  • The scoring is different. A “try” (touchdown) is 5 point, instead, of 6 points like the NFL.
  • The time of play is not split into 4 quarters instead it’s split into 2 halves.
  • The equipment that rugby players wear is different from the NFL’s equipment.

Work Cited

“Concussion: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention.” WebMD. WebMD, n.d. Web. 07 Nov. 2016.

Dawson, Peter. “Rugby Tries – How and Where You Score Tries in Rugby.” RugbyHow. RugbyHow, n.d. Web. 07 Nov. 2016.