Annotated Bibliography- branxmad

1. “ADHD and the Autism Spectrum.” ADDitude, 17 Nov. 2017,

Background: This article shows a possible link between autism and ADHD due to similar or overlapping symptoms.

How I used it: A child with noticeable signs of autism may show symptoms of ADHD, but that does not mean that a child with ADHD has autism.

2. “A True ADHD Epidemic or an Epidemic of Over diagnosis?” Psychiatry Advisor, 11 Mar. 2016,

Background: Questions the accuracy of an ADHD diagnoses and the frequency at which it is diagnosed.

How I used it: To explain how young children and toddlers get misdiagnosed because of their behaviors at the age they’re at. The prevalence rate of diagnosing ADHD has increased, even for child how are not positive for ADHD.

3. “Problems of Over diagnosis and Over-prescribing in ADHD.” Problems of Overdiagnosis and Overprescribing in ADHD | Psychiatric Times,

Background:  This article discusses the controversy of misdiagnosing a child and/or over-diagnosing a population of children with ADHD and prescribing stimulant medications to children who may not need it.

How I used it: To discuss how children that do not have ADHD get prescribed treatment medications just as often as children who actually do have it.

4. Gender Differences in Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) CPANCF.COM,

Background: Studies showing that boys tend to be diagnosed, or show symptoms of ADHD, more than girls do. Although, girls show symptoms of ADHD differently than boys. While boys’ symptoms are usually physically, girls may express symptoms emotionally.

How I used it: To prove that ADHD is more prevalent in boys than in girls.

5. “Cultural Issues in Diagnosis and Treatment of ADHD.” Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, Elsevier, 31 Dec. 2009,

Background: This article provides insight on how different cultures and ethnic groups treat disorders or illnesses, such as ADHD, differently than others. While certain countries might use different medicines or drugs to cure ADHD, sometimes it can lead to substance abuse. In some cases, a treatment is not given at all.

How I used it: When symptoms of ADHD arise in a young child, their cultural or ethnic background could greatly determine how they are treated, if at all.

6. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): Dr. Raun Mel,

Background: Description of different ADHD sub-types

How I used it: Explaining the possibility of one or more types of ADHD being present.

7. “What Causes ADHD? 12 Myths and Facts.”,,,20441463,00.html#tv-or-video-games-0.

Background: Provided myth and facts of causes of ADHD

How I used it: Despite what the article says, I had a different belief to the cause of ADHD.

8. Ginsberg, Ylva, et al. “Underdiagnosis of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Adult Patients: A Review of the Literature.” The Primary Care Companion for CNS Disorders, Physicians Postgraduate Press, Inc., 2014,

Background: ADHD is under diagnosed and under treated, with the belief that it is co-morbid with other disorders

How I used it: I had to disagree with this article. Comorbidity may be true, but I don’t believe the disorder is under diagnosed.

9. “Attention-Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 13 Nov. 2017,

Background: Visual statistic representations of the amount of children in the US diagnosed with ADHD and how that numbers have increased.

How I used it: To prove that there is a growing population of children being diagnosed this ADHD.

10. Evans, W N, et al. “Measuring inappropriate medical diagnosis and treatment in survey data: The case of ADHD among school-Age children.” Journal of health economics., U.S. National Library of Medicine, Sept. 2010,

Background: A study showing how birth month has an impact on development of ADHD.

How I used it: To explain how the study is inaccurate and leads to being more inaccurate diagnosis of ADHD.

11. Morrow, Richard L., et al. “Influence of relative age on diagnosis and treatment of attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity disorder in children.” CMAJ : Canadian Medical Association Journal, Canadian Medical Association, 17 Apr. 2012,

Background: Summarizing the amount of misdiagnosed cases of ADHD

How I used it: To prove that there is a problem over diagnosis

12. “ADHD in Adults.” Vyvanse,

Background: How ADHD affects adults

How I used it: To show how the symptoms of ADHD in adults


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