Missing Dollar-Saints72

In this paradox there is no missing dollar. The money adds up. A $25 bill, the $2 “tip” kept by the waiter, and the $3 returned the customers. 25+2+3=30.

We are influenced to think that there is a missing dollar because of the extra math that is done at the end of the example, “Three times 9 is $27. The waiter has $2 in his pocket. Two plus 27 is $29.”. This math is unneeded and only included to distract the reader.

Open Strong-Saints72

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy, abbreviated as CTE, in the National Football League, abbreviated as the NFL, is not the leading reason to the amount of deaths so many doctors are reporting it to be. One can compare the hits to an athletes’ head in a football game to strikes to an athlete’s head in the Ultimate Fighting Championship, abbreviated as the UFC. There must be an additional factor that is causing the deaths of football players and not mixed martial artists. On average, each team in the National Football League has 62.5 plays, on each of those plays, approximately 10 players out of the 22 on the field will have some level of contact, and less than a quarter of those hits are to the head/neck area, so approximately 2.5 hits to the head each play leads to 156.25 hits to the head per game. A football game is 60 minutes long, so athletes are taking an average of 2.6 hits to the head per minute. At the moment the average strikes to the head per minute of the top 10 fighters in the UFC is 4.4. The average UFC fight lasts 9.8 minutes, leading to an average of  43.12 strikes to the head per fight. With these statistics and further research one can propose that there are additional factors leading to the deaths of football players, along with the normal hits to the head.




Saints72 Proposal

For my essay I will be investigating the claim that the repeated hits to the head and concussions of football players are causing Chronic Traumatic Encephalopothy, otherwise noted as CTE, and killing very notable NFL veterans. A concussion, defined by the online Merriam Dictionary, is a jarring injury of the brain resulting in disturbance of cerebral function. The Brain Injury Research Institute describes Chronic Traumatic Encephalopothy as a progressive degenerative disease which afflicts the brain of people who have suffered repeated concussions and traumatic brain injuries

I will compare football hits in the National Football League (NFL) to the head and the strikes to head during boxing matches in leagues such as the World Boxing Association (WBA), World Boxing Council (WBC), International Boxing Federation (IBF), World Boxing Organization (WBO), and etc. as well as the  and mixed martial art matches in the Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC). Looking at the violent nature of boxing and mixed martial arts compared to the hits in football it is not the repeated concussions in football that are causing CTE, it has to be something else because boxers and mixed martial artists are not reported to have CTE.

1. Concussion in Professional Football: Comparison with Boxing Head Impacts


The Essential Content of the Article: Scientists study the impact bio-mechanics from boxing punches causing translational and rotational head acceleration. Boxers in ranging weight classes threw punches at a dummy and the data were compared with laboratory-reconstructed NFL concussions.

What it Proves: This study proves that the hits themselves are not causing the extreme concussions, leading to CTE. Football hits seem worse because defending players’ hits have more acceleration than the boxers’ strikes. Ultimately the boxer’s strikes measure with more force than football hits.

2.What is CTE?


The Essential Content of the Article: This article explains what CTE is, it’s symptoms, how to diagnose an athleteThe article groups CTE with Dementia Pugilistica in Mild/Traumatic Brain Injuries.

What it Proves: The articles proves that this disease can be confirmed and diagnosed. It gives us a formal definition of the disease and classifies it in a bigger class of injuries similar to it.

3. Concussion

Movie, Dec 2015

The Essential Content of the Article: Dr. Bennet Omalu, played by Will Smith, is a forensic neuropathologist. He makes the first discovery of CTE in a pro football player and the movie portrays his fight for the truth to be known against one of the most powerful businesses in the world, the National Football League.

What it Proves: This movie helps prove that CTE is a dangerous disease. The movie shows the symptoms of CTE while Dr. Omalu tries to connect the multiple concussions to CTE.

4. The N.F.L.’s Tragic C.T.E. Roll Call

The Essential Content of the Article: This article explains again what CTE is and declares dozens of former NFL players that has been diagnosed with the degenerative brain disease. includes the 12 most notable cases of NFL players having CTE and dying. Not dying from the disease, but mostly of overdose and suicide.

What it Proves: This article proves that CTE is not the deciding factor in the deaths of these NFL veterans, it is something else factoring into these deaths.

5. Dana White on concussions: UFC is safer than NFL


The Essential Content of the Article: Dana White, the President of the UFC, declares that the violent sport of Mixed Martial Arts is safer than football. He believes this because how the league proceeds with concussed fighters. Their rules are there tp protect the athletes and is what he thinks makes it safer than the NFL.

What it Proves: This article proves that the rest between concussions can stop or slow down the oncoming of CTE and its symptoms.


Other Works Cited


E03-Critical Reading-Saints72

Caleb has been home since 2006, way more than enough time for Brannan to catch his symptoms.

Caleb has been home from Iraq since 2006.

McClelland has implied that since Caleb’s homecoming in 2006 there was enough time allotted for Brannan to catch Caleb’s PTSD symptoms.

This statement further implies that Caleb does have PTSD and the symptoms are in fact contagious.

The house, in a subdivision a little removed from one of many shopping centers in a small town in the southwest corner of Alabama, is often quiet as a morgue. ou can hear the cat padding around. The air conditioner whooshes, a clock ticks.

The family’s house is in a little quiet neighborhood in the southwest corner of Alabama

The family’s house is is so quiet sometimes, it is like a morgue.

Due to the PTSD there can not be any random or loud noises or it will send Caleb into a fit.

The house is so quiet you can hear the small cat walking around the house, air condition pushing cold air throughout the house, and the ticking of a clock.

When a sound erupts—Caleb screaming at Brannan because she’s just woken him up from a nightmare, after making sure she’s at least an arm’s length away in case he wakes up swinging—the ensuing silence seems even denser.

The only abrupt sounds in the house is Caleb’s random screams.

Usually Caleb is screaming at Brannan for waking him up from a nightmare.

Brannan accidentally wakes Caleb up after checking if he is at least a arm’s length away so she doesn’t get hit when Caleb wakes up swinging.

Even when everyone’s in the family room watching TV, it’s only connected to Netflix and not to cable, since news is often a trigger.

Watching TV is supposed to be a calm family activity, with Caleb and Brannan.

They can only watch television on Netflix, a program with prerecorded shows and movies without the availability of the interruption of breaking news.

Breaking news is often dealing with some aspect of war, or comes along with surprising noises. These such things can send both Caleb and Brannon into a fit.

Their German shepherd, a service dog trained to help veterans with PTSD, is ready to alert Caleb to triggers by barking, or to calm him by jumping onto his chest.

Caleb and Brannon own a German Shepard.

The dog is a service dog trained to help veterans with PTSD.

Part of it’s traing os to alert Caleb to supposed triggers by barking.

The service dog can also calm Caleb down by jumping onto his chest.

This PTSD picture is worse than some, but much better, Brannan knows, than those that have devolved into drug addiction and rehab stints and relapses. She has not, unlike military wives she advises, ever been beat up. Nor jumped out of her own bed when she got touched in the middle of the night for fear of being raped, again.

Looking at the household from the outside it looks bad.

There are some cases of PTSD that are worse, and some cases of PTSD that aren’t as bad.

Some cases of PTSD has led to drug addiction, luckily for her and Caleb this is not the road they are traveling.

Brannon advises a group of military wives.

These wives are also dealing with their husband’s PTSD.

These wives have been beat or raped, luckily for Brannon, she has not been beat or raped.


Just one word implies that Brannon is not troubled by the worst symptoms of PTSD. On the other hand, she is still dealing with symptoms that make her life very hard.

“Sometimes I can’t do the laundry,” Brannan explains, reclining on her couch. “And it’s not like, ‘Oh, I’m too tired to do the laundry,’ it’s like, ‘Um, I don’t understand how to turn the washing machine on.’ I am looking at a washing machine and a pile of laundry and my brain is literally overwhelmed by trying to figure out how to reconcile them.”

Brannon suffers from her symptoms so badly daily duties such as doing laundry becomes a whole ordeal. Her mind is so cluttered and busy she sometimes can not figure how to turn the washing machine on.

She sounds like she might start crying, not because she is, but because that’s how she always sounds, like she’s talking from the top of a clenched throat, tonally shaky and thin. 

Whenever Brannon tries to talk she sounds like she is about to start crying.

Her voice sounds like she has a clenched throat with a shaken tone.

She looks relaxed for the moment, though, the sun shining through the windows onto her face in this lovely leafy suburb.We raise the blinds in the afternoons, but only if we are alone. When we hear Caleb pulling back in the driveway, we jump up and grab their strings, plunging the living room back into its usual necessary darkness.

Sitting in the living room Brannon is relaxing and has the sun beaming through the windows.

She can only sit and relax like this if Caleb is not home.

When Brannon hears Caleb pulling into the driveway she must jump up, pull the blinds down and make sure the living room is back to the darkness that Caleb needs.




Stone Money Rewrite-Saints72

P1. There are a lot of questions dealing with the monetary system we use as Americans today. Americans as well as other nations have a vast range of opinions on the concept of money. Americans have their opinions on foreign money, and people from other nations have their own specific opinions on the American dollar. Why will people in other countries take American dollars, but not American coins? They both have the same monetary value, but people in other countries favor the dollar over coins. A dollar bill, four quarters, ten dimes, twenty nickels, and one hundred pennies means the same thing to an American, it all adds up to a $1.00. When looked at from a foreign person’s point of view the coins have less value than the single dollar bill. Most Americans have personal bank accounts and the bank sends statements at pre-disclosed time intervals to each member. These statements can be viewed on a computer, smart phone, or even on a physical piece of paper mailed to you from the bank. On the statement there is the bank members name, address and account information. One can see the history of your withdraws, deposits and transfers. One can also see how much money they have spent over the time period, and how much more they have saved for whatever reason/s. A very popular question concerning the American banks is, “Where is the money that the bank says one has?”. The bank acknowledges the fact that the money is owned by a specific person. That person can use their money at their own will, but can’t see that money that they’re using. Before reading Milton Friedman’s essay, “The Island of Stone Money”, articles about the Brazilian real, and listening to the NPR broadcast of Stone Money I understood the basic concepts of how American banks worked. I never really took my time to try to figure out why Americans use the system they use today and how the banks work . Reading about these topics and doing this research has led to many questions stated above as well as many answers.


P2. For one to understand the monetary system in use today we have to look at the history of money. The first upbringing of a monetary system dated back all the way to the start of civilization and it was the bartering system. People traded food for clothes or cattle for water, everyone used items as currency and they knew for example how many chickens you need for a cow. NOVA, the most watched science television program in America, published a timeline of history of money. On their timeline the first monetary system that resembled our current one was dated all the way back to 1200 BC. In 1200 BC the Ancient Chinese used cowrie shells as currency. Cowrie shells is the oldest currency in human history. The Planet Money Team for NPR did a report on the islanders of Yap, a Caroline Island in Micronesia. The report talks about the people of the island Yap and their currency known as “fei”. Their currency was made out of huge chunks of limestone and brought it from islands hundreds of miles away. These pieces were so big that once they were brought back to the island it was put in the middle of the village or on a path and left there. On Yap the islanders did not have to physically posses the fei for it to be theirs. In fact, it was very common to have engraving on the limestone to show who owned it at this time.

P3. In “The Island of Stone Money”, Milton Friedman explains a legend of the biggest fei ever sculpted. It is believed that a boat load of islanders set sale to an island four hundred miles away. Once at this island they sculpted the fei and loaded it on a raft and headed back to Yap. On their return they ran into a bad storm and had to let the great fei go and it sank to the bottom of the sea. When the sculptors returned to Yap they recalled their experiences and the islanders were okay with the fei being at the bottom of the sea because they knew its worth and everyone knew who the fei belonged to. Now, multiple generations after the sculpting of the original fei people have never seen it but at the same time know that the family is the wealthiest family of Yap.

P4. In the current age of technology there is always some new device, new theory, new program, etc. For example, one can order a new phone and next week there is a new update for the processor to run faster. With that being said it is safe to say that technology is growing exponentially. Now there is an app on the Google Play Store and Apple Store called Venmo. Venmo has well over one million downloads and is very popular for college roommates and groups of friends. Venmo is a social network where friends can pay and request money to and from friends. This app is excellent for splitting dinner bills and/or utility bills. The best thing about the app is you do not have to deal with your actual bank account. If someone sends their friend money the app saves that money and they are able to pay other people with that money. One then can transfer the money into their bank account and the money is now theirs. People do not need to see the transactions take place, but know that they have that much money on your account. This is exactly how the islanders of Yap used their fei. It is very interesting that some hundred odd years has passed and the same theories are still in place.

P5. In conclusion, after all of the reading the articles and listening to the broadcasts my opinion on money did not change, but has widely broadened. My opinion  did not change because I had a very good idea on how the current monetary system works. These readings and broadcasts made me really think and evaluate the current monetary system. As Ira Glass explains in her broadcast you can put money in a bank, that money then gets loaned out to a person starting a business. So now, this person has your money but you can still buy things with it. Even after this person purchases something with your money, your money did not go anywhere. Again, I  never stepped back and looked at this scenario like this before and reading about money and the issues money caused in different countries, such as France, Brazil and Germany, allowed my opinion to broaden and learn how to accept how questionable the concept of money really is.

Works Cited

Date, By. “The Invention of Money.” This American Life. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Sept. 2016. <http://www.thisamericanlife.org/radio-archives/episode/423/the-invention-of-money&gt;.

Friedman, Milton. “The Island of Stone Money.” StoneMoneyEssay.pdf. N.p., Feb. 1991. Web. 22 Sept. 2016. <https://counterintuitive2015.files.wordpress.com/2015/01/stonemoneyessay.pdf&gt;.

“The History of Money.” PBS. PBS, 26 Oct. 1996. Web. 22 Sept. 2016. <http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/ancient/history-money.html&gt;.

Venmo-Android Apps on Google Play. Googlw, 11 Sept. 2016. Web. 22 Sept. 2016. <https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.venmo&hl=en&gt;.



Vancouver combats heroin by giving its addicts the best smack in the world


It seems counterintuitive that to fight the battle of addiction, Vancouver is giving herion addicts more heroin.  Vancouver is a port town and constantly have to deal with drugs coming from the Pacific, including pure heroin. Drugs are very common in a town named “Downtown Eastside”, just blocks away from the tourist sections of Yaletown.

Vancouver has been trying a theory including a safe zone, called “Insite” where addicts can shoot up in front of a nurse and won’t be arrested. This program originated in Europe, more precisely Switzerland, Germany, Britain, and the Netherlands. The nurses give addicts clean needles and sanitary wipes to clean the injection site. In addition to the clean needles the addicts are getting some of the best heroin in the world. This technique is now giving heroin addicts free drugs two to three times a day as “medicine” prescribed by a doctor. There is currently only 26 patients in this program, and they are only there because regular alternatives did not work. This program allows addicts to function normally in his daily life, without having to steal or sell their body for drug money. The program is not aimed to try to get the addicts over their battle, but to stop people from committing crimes to get the drug money.


Is Walmart Really Going Organic and Local?


It seems counter intuitive that Walmart’s slogan is, “Always Low Prices”, and the prices are only low because Walmart is getting the products for cheaper.  but only is worrying about their self and the company’s profits. Walmart is now pushing to sell more locally grown and organic foods. A typical produce department includes perfect spheres of cabbage, onions, and tomatoes. The greens are huge and crunchy, lemons are sizes of fists, and there are local signs posted throughout the department. Then over in the corner is a few bags of “Organic” lettuces.

Some numbers supporting Walmart trying to go organic and local are as followed: Eighteen percent of all the groceries sold buy Walmart are from the United States. By 2006 Walmart was the nations top seller of organic milk. In 2008, Walmart was on track to buy four hundred million dollars annually in local produce. In 2010, Walmart pledged to sell one billion dollars worth of produce from smaller local farms.

The move to support local growers was more for Walmart than their customers. Local produce come from near by, hence less produce spoils on the trip, leading to more profit for Walmart. A shorter trip also uses less gas and furthermore increases Walmart’s profits. Walmart’s organic push has been mostly focused on non-produce items such as milk and baby food.


Upstart lenders have started combing social media sites as they vet borrowers. You’ll be suprised what they’re looking for.


It seems a bit counter intuitive that if you have a friend that is late paying a loan back, they can affect your status of a loan application.

LendUp, based out of San Francisco is a new network that can be used to look at Facebook and Twitter. This network can see how many friends people have and how often the friends interact. Companies use LendUp as a scalar to indicate stability for new hires. Neo, based out of Silicon Valley, looks at the quality and quantity of an applicant’s LinkedIn contacts. Moven, based out of New York, uses Twitter, Facebook, and other social media networks in their loan application. Lenddo, is a company that will deny a customer a loan if they are friends with someone who was late repaying a Lenddo loan. Eventually, banks across the nation will soon enough use these types of procedures to evaluate credit and other bank information.

The Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) and the Equal Credit Opportunity Act (ECOA) are the two biggest laws that ensure companies’ collection and use of the customer’s credit information is fair. With that being said, it is unclear if customers use of social media networks is covered under the FCRA. The Federal Trade Commission declined to comment on this question. On the other hand, the ECOA does not cover these new forms of discrimination found on social networks. Now applicants will not know that their social media networks were the reason they didn’t make the cut for the job.

Moving Image-Saints72

0:00- Ad starts with a shot of a forest that has just been destroyed by a fire. The ground and barks of trees are black and and still are burning as you see the red tint from the heat.

0:00-0:06- A reverse time lapse shot is showing a burning wooden cabin and a burning four door car. Tall trees are behind the house and there are random patches of tall dry grass in front of the cabin, both are sparked and burning. The car is parked on some of the burning grass patches.

0:06-0:08- Reverse time lapse is still going. Changes camera view and now it shows the side of the house and back of car, both burning. There is a family of 4 walking from the car. An Asian man, wearing a casual button up shirt and shorts, carrying a blue back pack. On his left is his Caucasian wife in a t shirt and khaki shorts carrying a blanket. In front of the wife is their daughter with a huge smile on her face. She is wearing a blue dress with a pattern on it and looks to be about 6 or 7. To the daughter’s right, is her big brother, looks to be about 10 or 11 and he is wearing a striped red and white t shirt with khaki shorts and is carrying a white frisbee. He also has smile on his face.

0:08-0:09- Reverse time lapse continues. Camera changes view again. Now showing the back passenger door of the car and the left side of the front of the house. This view also shows that the house is off a stone path. You can smoke and sparks emerging under the back tires of the car.

0:09-0:12- Reverse time lapse continues. Camera changes view again. This time it is directly behind the driver side rear tire and muffler. The patches of tall dry grass are under the car and the heat from the muffle has ignited the grass and it starts to burn.

0:12-0:13- Reverse time lapse continues. Camera changes view back to a shot of the family walking away from car . They just got out of the car and the father beeps his key and locks the doors.

0:13-0:15- Camera view stays the same and freezes the reverse time lapse. In regular forward time, Smokey The Bear walks in from the right and takes the keys away from the father.

0:15-0:17- Smokey The Bear gets in the car and starts the car.

0:17-0:19- Camera changes view from the sky looking over the boarder of the dirt path and the grass. Smokey puts the car in reverse and turns the steering wheel to the left and drives back a few feet and pulls off the grass. Then puts the car in drive and turns the wheel to the right and pulls up a few feet. The car is all  the way off the grass and on the dirt path.

0:19-0:21- Camera changes view to underneath rear of car again. This time it has Smokey laying on the ground looking at the muffler.

0:21-0:22- Camera view goes back to freeze frame and Smokey gives the keys back to the father.

0:22-0:23- Camera view backs up until can see the whole car, the front of the cabin, Smokey, and the family. The family is now walking away from the car.

0:23-0:30- Camera view stays the same and a wooden sign shows up. It says, “SPARK A CHANGE, NOT A WILD FIRE, ONLY YOU CAN PREVENT FOREST FIRES”. The sign also has a picture of Smokey’s face centered at the bottom. Under the sign there is a website, “SMOKEYBEAR.COM” and under that there is the AdCouncil stamp, and two other stamps that promote forest safety.  The family continues to walk away from the car in the background.