Research Paper—phillyfan321

A Lower Sales Tax is Not Necessary for NJ

The current seven percent sales tax in New Jersey is a fair and non-regressive tax. The sales tax rate should not be lowered at all because it is a fair tax. According to Samantha Mactus, author of the article, N.J. Gas Tax Hike Deal: Christie Demanded a Sales Tax Cut, but Will You Notice It?, Marcus said that on the first of January in 2016 the sales tax will be lowered from seven percent to six point  eight seven five percent. This is an unnecessary reduction in the tax because this is a non-regressive tax. According to the New Jersey Sales Tax Guide, grocery items are exempt, prescription medication is exempt, luxury items are taxed, clothing is exempt, and there are ways to  avoid paying this tax. A regressive tax is a tax that disproportionately taxes people with a lower income more than those with a higher income. While one may say that people with lower incomes may feel that they pay more of their income towards this tax, they can choose to not pay this tax all together. If a tax can be made optional for some people, then they have the choice not to pay for it. Since essential items are not taxed, then this is not a regressive tax on the poor. If someone with a low income chooses to buy a McDonald’s milkshake, then they choose to pay the tax. People with lower incomes have to buy grocery items which are not taxed. If any tax should be lowered, it should be a tax that helps those with lower incomes because they are in need of a tax cut. Lowering a luxury tax on items that some people with lower incomes may not be able to afford does not help those with lower incomes.

In New Jersey groceries are not subject to the sales tax. The tax rate on grocery items is zero. All people need to buy groceries because they are essential to survive. While people obviously choose when to buy groceries, people have to eat to live. Those who do not make a lot of money or use EBT cards do not have to pay a tax on their grocery items. The  people with low incomes have to really budget their money and paying a tax on groceries is not something they have to do in New Jersey. Some States do have regressive sales taxes that tax grocery items. According to the article, State by State:Are Grocery Items Taxable, some examples of States that tax groceries are Kansas, Alabama, and Mississippi. It would be regressive to tax groceries because everyone needs to buy groceries and those with lower incomes would pay a higher percentage of their income towards the sales tax on groceries. Since New Jersey does not tax groceries people with lower incomes do not have to pay a higher percentage of their income on the sales tax towards groceries.  While prepared meal from restaurants are taxed, raw items are not. Some examples of exempt items are: milk, water,  juices with at least fifty percent juice, eggs, bread, raw or frozen vegetables, canned food, deli meat, and cheese. There are many other kinds of tax free food sold in stores, but by not taxing these essential items, there is no extra tax burden to buy essential items. People will do not have to pay any extra tax to buy their weekly groceries.

Everybody needs to have clothing. Clothing is clearly something that is essential for everyone to have and to wear. The winters in New Jersey can get very cold, so people have to especially buy heavy winter coats. These winter coats fall under the clothing category of the sales tax law, so they are exempt. People can buy tax free clothing in New Jersey. It is important to note that some winter coats can be expensive so this tax exempt item saves people money. This is clearly an example of a non regressive sales tax because  an essential item is not taxed. Clothing is something that everybody has to wear and lowering the sales tax will not make clothing cheaper since it does not tax clothing at all. 

While one may believe that sugary drinks or cigarettes are essential to some them, nobody can say that prescription drugs are not essential. At some point in their life, everybody has needed to buy a prescription medication. Another example of a tax exempt essential item is prescription medication. There is no tax on prescription medication because these medications can be life saving to people. Prescription drugs can be life saving in some situations, making the case that they are essential. It would be horrible if someone could not afford their medication because they had to pay a tax on it. If essential medications were taxed, then yes it would be regressive because those people with low incomes would have to pay even more for their medication. Since this is not the case in New Jersey, the tax is not regressive because people do not have pay sales tax on their prescription medication.  The tax would be regressive if prescription medication was taxed because people with low incomes would have to pay a higher percentage of their income and people with a higher  income would pay a lower percentage of their income on prescription medication if it was taxed. This is not the case in New Jersey since prescription medication is exempt from the sales tax.

The sales tax does apply to luxury items and non essential items that people buy out of luxury or convenience. Prepared meals at restaurants and fast food restaurants always charge the sales tax. Cigarettes and alcohol are clearly non essential items.  One can live their life without buying either, so if someone can not afford cigarettes or alcohol due to taxes, then they will just have to do without them.  Some other taxable items that are non-essential are: balloons, soda,cigars, dog food, and Halloween masks. These are all examples of taxed items that are non-essential to survive. The same cannot be said about grocery items or prescription medication. If someone chooses to go to a restaurant then they are choosing to pay that tax. This is clearly acceptable because people choose to go out to eat, but people have to buy grocery items. People with low incomes choose to pay this tax when they go out to eat, but they do not have to pay this tax if they only buy groceries, which are tax free. The fact that people have the option, regardless of their income, to avoid paying the tax makes it non regressive. 

The sales tax can also be avoided if people take certain measures. One example of how a person can avoid paying the sales tax is to make their own sandwiches instead of buying them prepared or made to order at deli’s. In New Jersey deli meat, bread, and vegetables are tax free. If someone went to a deli and ordered a ham and cheese sandwich, that sandwich would be taxed. A way one can avoid paying for the tax would be to buy a loaf of bread,ham, and cheese from the deli and then make the sandwich at home. Another example of a way one can avoid paying the sales tax would be buy home insurance to cover costs for labor if damages occur. Labor is taxed in New Jersey,  according to a letter written by the Division of Taxation-S&U Tax: Home Improvements. So if someone needs repairs due to damages the cost of labor is taxed. If someone has home insurance then the insurance company pays for the cost of labor and one can avoid the sales tax. A third way for someone to avoid paying the sales tax at a restaurant or convenience store would be to for somebody to buy coffee beans and brew their own coffee instead of going to a convenience store to buy already brewed coffee, which is taxed. The fact that this tax can be avoided means that people who may not be able to afford to pay the tax can avoid paying the tax altogether.

The sales tax does apply to luxury items that are non essential. Some taxable items are: cigarettes, alcoholic beverages, and prepared meals. On a chart posted by the New Jersey Department of Taxation, there is a list of the minimum price cigarettes can be sold at. On top of the minimum price, cigarettes are subject to the sales tax. Since cigarettes are not an essential item it is not a regressive to have a high tax on cigarettes. Though nicotine gum is tax exempt to try to help people quit smoking. There is a clear difference in taxing luxury items and taxing essential items. People can choose not to pay this tax at all because in a way it is an optional tax.

Let’s say someone makes three hundred dollars a week and they need to pay for groceries, rent, insurance, and clothing. None of the items they need to survive are taxed at all. Buying only bare minimum essentials means that one does not spend their money going out to eat, buying fast food, buy alcohol or tobacco, or anything that is not essential to stay alive. A person with a low income can buy everything they need to stay alive without paying the sales tax. A tax on anything for the working poor adds up quickly and can cause people to go into debt to afford thing they need to survive. People do not have to pay this tax on items they require just to get by and live.

The current sales tax rate of seven percent is currently acceptable and a fair tax. What makes the tax fair is that it is a convenience and luxury tax that people pay. This is not a  regressive tax at all because there are exemptions and ways to avoid paying the tax. The sales tax does not disproportionately tax a higher percentage of someone’s income, unless that person chooses to pay the tax out of their own convenience. I believe that this tax should not be lowered because it is a fair tax that brings in a lot of revenue to the State of New Jersey. Lowering this tax will not be a tax cut on the working poor. Tax cuts are meant to help people keep more of the money that they earn. There are likely other ways to cut taxes that would be a better solution for those with low incomes, instead of cutting a tax on luxury items. In brief, out of all the taxes the government imposes, the sales tax is one that is not a regressive tax and should be left at it’s current rate.

Works Cited

New Jersey Sales Tax Guide.” (n.d.): Web. 30 Oct. 2016.

“Sales Tax By State: Are Grocery Items Taxable?” TaxJar Sales Tax Blog. N.p., 30 Aug. 2016. Web. 06 Nov. 2016.

NEW JERSEY DIVISION OF TAXATION MINIMUM LEGAL PRICES ON CIGARETTES AS OF AUGUST 2, 2016  (n.d.): n. pag. Web. 13 Nov. 2016.

NJ Division of Taxation-S&U Tax: Home ImprovementsNJ Division of Taxation – S & U Tax: Home Improvements. N.p., 20 Oct. 2014. Web. 13 Nov. 2016. b. 13 Nov. 2016.

Samantha Marcus. “N.J. Gas Tax Hike Deal: Christie Demanded a Sales Tax Cut, but Will You Notice It?” NJ.com. N.p., 29 Oct. 2016. Web. 30 Oct. 2016.

Reflective-Phillyfan321

Core Value I. My work demonstrates that I used a variety of social and interactive practices that involve recursive stages of exploration, discovery, conceptualization, and development.

Throughout this entire semester I have been revising my arguments and essays. My first drafts is where I start off with and as time goes on I revise and edit my work. For my causal argument I wrote a first draft, but about three weeks later I revised my work and made a second draft. I noticed I worded things confusingly and that I needed to clarify my argument. I also learned from my mistakes and how I can write more clearly. The two links below show my original draft and my second draft which has the improvements I later made.

Core Value II. My work demonstrates that I placed texts into conversation with one another to create meaning by synthesizing ideas from various discourse communities.

I always listen to the advice my professors give me. I also have friends read my assignments before I submit them. For my definition essay, I realized I was not clear in my thesis. My professor commented on my work and I replied saying that I made changes to my essay. Sometimes I need someone else to read my work just to double check that everything makes sense.

Core Value III. My work demonstrates that I rhetorically analyzed the purpose, audience, and contexts of my own writing and other texts and visual arguments.

I wrote my causal argument based off of why I believe the NJ sales tax is not a regressive tax. I took into account that my professor was looking for specific keywords to show I had an argument. I highlighted all the keywords to show I was proving a point in my argument.Some examples of these keywords are: so, because, and even specific arguments that prove my point.

Core Value IV: My work demonstrates that I have met the expectations of academic writing by locating, evaluating, and incorporating illustrations and evidence to support my own ideas and interpretations.

In each assignment related to my research paper, I used sources to back my claim. A few of the sources were facts that I needed to know and others were articles with an author’s opinion. The facts that I researched helped me shape my own opinion. When I first picked this topic I did not really know if I considered the New Jersey sales tax to be regressive. While doing research I came across an article published by the New Jersey Department of Taxation which had a list of everything that was taxable and tax exempt. After reading this article I developed my own opinion based off of facts, which is stated in my definition essay, that I did not believe the tax was regressive toward people with low incomes.

Core Value V. My work demonstrates that I respect my ethical responsibility to represent complex ideas fairly and to the sources of my information with appropriate citation.

When I use outside sources for my essays, I use informal citations in my essay and then create a works cited page. It is very important to properly cite sources. In my definition rewrite, I used an informal citation for all three of my sources and then had a work cited page for my sources.  I think it important to give credit to other people for their own work.

Bibliography—Phillyfan321

  1. New Jersey Sales Tax Guide.” (n.d.): Web. 30 Oct. 2016.

Background: This website is a complete guide of items that are either taxable or tax exempt in the State of New Jersey.

How I Used it: Since my claim is that the New Jersey sales tax is not regressive, I used it as a resource to make my claim. I was able to list non-essential items that were tax exempt.

2. Samantha Marcus. “N.J. Gas Tax Hike Deal: Christie Demanded a Sales Tax Cut, but Will You Notice It?” NJ.com. N.p., 29 Oct. 2016. Web. 30 Oct. 2016.

Background: This article talks about how the New Jersey sales tax is going to be lowered from 7% to 6.875% on January 1, 2017.

How I used it: I do not believe this change is helping low income people because many items are tax exempt. It is a small cut in a luxury tax.

3. “2016 State Sales Tax Rates.” 2016 State Sales Tax Rates. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Nov. 2016.

Background: This website shows all the sales tax rates in all 50 States.

How I used it: I compared the sales tax rates by State in my Causal Argument and it had the exact tax percentages for each State.

4. “Sales Tax By State: Are Grocery Items Taxable?” TaxJar Sales Tax Blog. N.p., 30 Aug. 2016. Web. 06 Nov. 2016.

Background: This source is a map of all 50 States and shows which States tax grocery items and unprepared food.

How I used it: I discussed how a sales tax takes on groceries takes up more income of the working poor. I used this map to give examples of States that do tax groceries.

5. “Progressive Tax And Regressive Tax.” Encyclopedia of Education Economics & Finance(n.d.): n. pag. Sept. 2016. Web. 6 Nov. 2016.

Background: This article talked about how a sales tax takes up a higher percentage of a person with a lower income than someone with a higher income.

How I used it: I wrote about how States that tax groceries are taxing a higher percentage of someone’s income if they already are on a low income.

6. “NJ Division of Taxation-S&U Tax: Home ImprovementsNJ Division of Taxation – S & U Tax: Home Improvements. N.p., 20 Oct. 2014. Web. 13 Nov. 2016. b. 13 Nov. 2016.

Background: This is an informative article posted by the NJ Division of Taxation. It meant to give business owner guidance on how much sales tax they should collect for the services they offer.

How I used it: I listed repair services as something that is taxed. I also wrote about how this service tax can be avoided if insurance pays for the damages and the person who purchases the insurance does not have to pay the sales tax out of pocket.

7. “Regressive Tax.” Investopedia. N.p., 15 May 2015. Web. 23 Nov. 2016.

Background: This article just describes what a regressive tax is and how it taxes a disproportionate part of someone’s income.

How I used it: Since my thesis is that the sales tax is not regressive, I needed to know exactly what regressive means and how to counter argue my hypothesis.

8. Who Pays for New Jersey’s Gas TaxNJ Spotlight? Murali, Raghul.N.p., 10 Nov. 2016. Web. 20 Nov. 2016.

Background: This article discusses how people who make less money will pay a larger percentage of their income toward the gas tax. Also, those who depend on their car to get to work will have an extra expense. Part of the bill that raised the gas tax also lowered the sales tax to 6.875%.

How I used it:I used this article to discuss how I believe the sales tax is not a regressive tax but the gas gas is regressive.

9. Samantha Marcus. “N.J. Gas Tax Hike Deal: Christie Demanded a Sales Tax Cut, but Will You Notice It?” NJ.com. N.p., 29 Oct. 2016. Web. 30 Oct. 2016.

Background: This article is about how the gas tax increased and that the small sales tax cut will not make a big different. Gasoline is an essential item for people who rely on it for transportation.

How I used it: I wrote about how the sales tax cut is unnecessary. Since the tax is only on luxury items and not essential goods, it should not be lowered. I also discussed how the gas tax is very regressive and the sales tax is not.

10. NEW JERSEY DIVISION OF TAXATION MINIMUM LEGAL PRICES ON CIGARETTES AS OF AUGUST 2, 2016  (n.d.): n. pag. Web. 13 Nov. 2016.

Background: This article is the minimum prices for cigarette brands sold in New Jersey. All forms of tobacco are subject to the sales tax.

How I used it: I wrote about how the sales tax does tax non-essential items and exempts essential items. Cigarettes are obviously non-essential and are taxed. I also discussed how cigarettes are ok to tax highly, but gasoline is much more essential than cigarettes so the excise tax on gasoline should be lower.

11. “Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP).” Eligible Food Items | Food and Nutrition Service. N.p., 21 Mar. 2016. Web. 30 Nov. 2016.

Background: This is an article from the United States Department of Agriculture. The article lists item that either can be or can not be bought with food stamps.

How I used it: Well in some of my arguments I discussed how New Jersey does not tax groceries. Since a person who relies on SNAP to buy groceries, they have to use their SNAP credits wisely. New Jersey does not tax groceries, so people who rely on SNAP benefits do not have to pay taxes on the items they purchase. Most items that can be bought with SNAP benefits are tax exempt, but some items that can be bought with SNAP benefits are taxable.

Rebuttal Rewrite A13-Phillyfan321

My Thesis is that the NJ Sales Tax is not regressive because it does tax luxury or non-essential items and essential items are exempt.

So while the NJ sales tax does not tax groceries, clothing, and prescription medication, it does tax many items that people buy almost everyday that are not essential but people buy anyway. An example of this would be a daily trip to a convenience store for a cup of coffee. This cup of coffee is considered a non-essential item,so it is taxed. According to the NJ Sales Tax Guide, a cup of coffee bought ready to drink is taxable. Let’s say that cup of coffee costs $1, the current 7% tax adds the cost to $1.07. So after buying a cup of coffee every day the amount of tax one pays can add up over time, after 15 days the tax adds up to over $1. For someone who works two low wage jobs, that cup of coffee can prevent them from falling asleep on the job, so in a way the NJ sales tax does tax an essential item for people. Though they can avoid paying the sales tax if they buy coffee beans and brew their own coffee. So if someone brews their own coffee at home, they are avoiding the sales tax.

Another example of the sales tax taxing something that can be essential is labor. The State of New Jersey generally writes memos that makes it easy for consumers and people who own a business to know what is taxable and not taxable. In one memo, the State Division of Taxation says that labor like maintenance or landscaping are subject to the sales tax. So if a family is in desperate need of a new floor or had damage done due to a natural disaster, then they are paying a tax. But insurance premiums are not taxed, so the family can buy home insurance to avoid paying the sales tax. Paying for insurance in general is better than having to pay the costs completely out of pocket. The insurance company will pay for the labor and materials.

While this may not be an issue now as much as it may have been twenty or thirty years ago, but the sales tax does tax tobacco products, which many people still use today. Some people struggling with nicotine addiction may say that cigarettes are essential for them. While the State of New Jersey not only makes tobacco subject to the sales tax, the State sets minimum prices on a pack of twenty cigarettes. According the an article from the State Division of Taxation there is a minimum price that a retailer can sell a pack of cigarettes for. It is an obvious fact that one does not need cigarettes to survive. So the sales tax should be applied to tobacco, but nicotine gum is exempt. A person who is trying to quit smoking can buy nicotine gum, which is tax free.

Works Cited

“NJ Sales Tax Guide.” (n.d.): n. pag. 2006.

NJ Division of Taxation – S & U Tax: Home Improvements.” NJ Division of Taxation – S & U Tax: Home Improvements. N.p., 20 Oct. 2014. Web. 13 Nov. 2016. b. 13 Nov. 2016.

NEW JERSEY DIVISION OF TAXATION MINIMUM LEGAL PRICES ON CIGARETTES AS OF AUGUST 2, 2016 (n.d.): n. pag. Web. 13 Nov. 2016.

Causal Rewrite-Phillyfan321

A Sales Tax is Not Always a Regressive Tax on Lower Income Americans

 

The current sales tax rate in the States of New Jersey is 7%. This tax does not apply to groceries, clothing, and prescription medication. So people with lower incomes do not have to pay a tax when they purchase items that they need to survive. While New Jersey does not tax these items, some States do.

One example is the State of Kansas, as stated in an article published on the “TaxJar Sales Tax Blog.” According to the article “2016 State Sales Tax Rates,” Kansas overall has a lower sales tax than NJ. In Kansas the 6.5% sales tax rate applies to groceries. Let’s say a person in Kansas purchases a can of soup for $1, the total will be $1.07; while in New Jersey if that same can of soup costs $1, the total will be $1 because it is not taxed in New Jersey. While seven cents may not seem like a lot, for someone with a low income it can add up over time.

Now let’s say a person in Kansas buys $100 worth of groceries, like vegetables, packaged meat, and canned items. That person will pay $6.50 more in Kansas because there is a tax on food. That $6.50 could have been used to buy a bus ticket, pay for a bill, or put in a saving account. People who earn less income pay a higher of their percentage of their income on a sales tax when groceries, clothing, and prescription medication is taxed.

People with lower incomes in New Jersey do not have to pay extra for essential necessities.  If someone makes $600 a month, but they have to budget that money then they will count every penny . The article, “Regressive Tax” discusses how a tax is regressive if a tax disproportionately takes up more of one person’s income than another. An example would be a tax on groceries takes up more or a poor peons’s income than a rich person’s income. Let’s say $300 goes to housing, $100 goes to insurance, $100 to clothing and medication, and $100 goes to groceries. That person may not have any money left to pay a tax. Someone making $600 a week would have no problem paying that extra $6.50 tax on their groceries.

So to conclude, a sales tax itself may not be regressive. If it has certain exemptions, then it is not regressive because it does not place an extra tax burden on people with low incomes. If it does not exempt essential items, then it is regressive because it is a tax that everyone has to pay and people with lower incomes will pay a higher percentage of their income than those with higher incomes. While everyone pays the same tax rate on items, those making less money pay a higher percentage of their income on taxes, making it unfair for the lower income Americans.

 

 

Works Cited

“2016 State Sales Tax Rates.” 2016 State Sales Tax Rates. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Nov. 2016. <
 

“Sales Tax By State: Are Grocery Items Taxable?” TaxJar Sales Tax Blog. N.p., 30 Aug. 2016. Web. 06 Nov. 2016.

“Regressive Tax.” Investopedia. N.p., 15 May 2015. Web. 23 Nov. 2016.

Definition ReWrite–PhillyFan321

“Regressive Tax”

In my own words, I describe a regressive tax as a tax that affects and taxes the poor more than it does to wealthier citizens. This tax can be either income, sales, excise, or property. A regressive tax can be a tax on food, clothing, gasoline or even prescription medication.

So if the government imposes a tax on certain sales, it may sound regressive. But if the tax is only on luxury items then it is not regressive. If the sales tax does not tax  basic items that people need, the cost of essential items will not go up by being taxed.People who have low incomes will not be affected by the tax of they only buy essential items (groceries, clothing, and prescription  medication).  These items listed in the previous sentence are exempt from the New Jersey 7% sales tax, the full list is in the New Jersey Sales Tax guide.According to the article,”N.J. Gas Tax Hike Deal: Christie Demanded a Sales Tax Cut, but Will You Notice It?”, the sales tax in New Jersey will go down to 6.875% on January 1, 2017.

On November 1, 2016, the State of New Jersey raised their gas tax by twenty three cents per gallon. This is a regressive tax on the poor, because paying twenty three cents per gallon takes up more income of a person making twenty thousand a year than someone making ninety thousand a year. The reason that this new gas tax is regressive is that it taxes gasoline, which is essential for transportation. Even those without cars may have to pay more for public transportation because busses require gasoline. Most people need transportation to travel to work, stores, and to visit family.  In an opinion piece,”Op-Ed: Who Pays for New Jersey’s Gas Tax?,”Raghul Murali discusses how the new gasoline excise tax will disproportionately tax a larger percentage of income for those making less than $20,000 a year than those making more than $20,000 a year. While I do understand that the government needs revenue and taxing gasoline has been around for years, a twenty three cent hike is a lot to take in for someone who does not make a lot of money.

The sales tax only applies to to luxury items. This includes, but is not limited to: prepared meals, tobacco, alcohol, and candy.  If someone chooses to pay a tax then it is not regressive, it is voluntary. A tax only on luxury items is not a regressive tax because it does not place more of a burden on the people who can least afford to pay the tax.  People with lower incomes can avoid paying this tax all together if they do not buy taxable items which they do not need to survive because non-essential items are  taxed.I think that New Jersey should not lower its sales tax at all. People will save a penny on every five dollars they spend on taxable items, many people will not even notice the change. In the article, “N.J. Gas Tax Hike Deal: Christie Demanded a Sales Tax Cut, but Will You Notice It?,”  Samantha Marcus talk about how the sales tax cut is very low and will save people very little money that they spend on taxable items.Leaving the sales tax at seven percent is  fair because it does not place a tax burden on the people with low income. I would not define the sales tax in New Jersey as regressive. Although, I would define the increased gas tax as regressive because people with lower incomes pay a higher percentage of their income on the gas tax than those with a higher income.

Works Cited

New Jersey Sales Tax Guide.” (n.d.): Web. 30 Oct. 2016.

Samantha Marcus. “N.J. Gas Tax Hike Deal: Christie Demanded a Sales Tax Cut, but Will You Notice It?” NJ.com. N.p., 29 Oct. 2016. Web. 30 Oct. 2016.

Who Pays for New Jersey’s Gas TaxNJ Spotlight?Murali, Raghul.N.p., 10 Nov. 2016. Web. 20 Nov. 2016.

 

Robots Subjects and Verbs-Phillyfan321

There is a huge problem in Vancouver with heroin addicts committing crimes to support their habits. The “free heroin for addicts” program is doing everything they can to stop the addicts. There is a large crime rate due to the addicts. It is obvious that addicts have a hard time getting through their day to day lives, this includes: jobs, interactions, and relationships, which are hard to maintain because of the fact that they are using. By heroin users being addicted, they will do whatever they have to do to get their hands on the drug. The types of crimes committed are breaking and entering as well as stealing. There are no limits to where they will go to retrieve this drug so that they can feed their addiction. The problem with this program is that it won’t cure the people from their addiction. It is only trying to save the city from rising crime rates. By providing the drug, these addicts will be off the streets, which in turn will prevent them from committing minor street crimes. This will also keep the heroin users out of the hospital. It is pointless that the hospitals have to deal with people that want to use bad drugs or unsanitary needles and find themselves being unable to afford hospital bills and hard to cope without the drug.  This will in turn fix the city  but not the addiction that these people face.