White Paper 3 – Dancers

My Proposal

I will be conducting research on bullying and cyberbullying. What the effects of bullying cases are, what is the makeup of the bully (why do they bully), lastly is there anything that can be done to stop bullying.

My research will go one of two ways either I will delve further in to see if by prohibiting cell phones within a school if bullying rates will decrease. By getting rid of social media within the class setting could decrease numbers if bullying cases seen. Or I may take my paper in the direction of why do children bully one another. I could argue that bullies tend to bully due to having problems at home or the exact opposite that bullies have a great home life and there is no specific reason as to why they torture other children.


1. Behind Bullying: Why Kids Are So Cruel

The essential content of this article: This article discusses why kids are so cruel. It discusses how bullies are looking to gain admiration and dominance by bullying other children. It states that bullies also want affection and look for approval in their own group of friends. Due to this they strategically pick victims they know few other classmates will defend. Some children who bully struggle with aggression may be abuse victims themselves, others just think its the cool thing to do.

What it proves: This proves that children who bully may be victims of abuse at home or could just think its cool.So by reading this article it shows that bullies could have a hard at home life or they could have a good one.

2. The Mind Behind the Bully: The Psychology of Bullying

The essential content of this article: This article states that bullying starts early research shows that behaviors are developed between toddler and preschool years. Children are a product of their upbringing and many parents expose their children to interactions unknowingly that will eventually shape their children’s communication skills one day. Bullies also lack personal awareness and often don’t know how they are perceived. Bullies also tend to have low self esteem and need to feel in charge of someone.

What it proves: This article proves that bullying behaviors can be started at a young age to to the behaviors they are exposed to in their house.

3. Bullying Statics

The essential content of this article: This article shows the statistics of bullying cases and what the effects of bullying are. As well as discussing statistics of cyberbullying cases, students with disabilities, students of color, and students who identify with LGBTQ. Bullying and suicide rates are discussed and interventions places have put into place due to bullying.

What it proves: This proves that bullying is still a dominant problem within a school setting and more often than not people are being bullied.

4. Social Media Bullying Has Become a Serious Problem

The essential content of this article: The article discusses what constitutes bullying on social media some examples include posting negative comments on pictures, posting abusive posts on a user’s wall, and using social media to stalk. A significant amount of cyberbullying takes place on Facebook. Other social media accounts are becoming more used in order to bully as well such as Twitter, Ask.FM, and SnapChat.

What it proves: This article proves that social media bullying is a problem and is only becoming more widespread throughout different sites. Children find it easier to bully online now instead of doing it in person.

5. What is Cyberbullying

The essential content of this article: This article discusses what cyberbullying actually is,how it takes place over digital devices like cell phones, computers, and tablets. Cyberbullying can occur through SMS, Text, and app, or online in social media forums. Common places where cyberbullying occurs are Facebook, Instagram, Snapchat and Twitter for social media accounts. But also can occur through text messages a lot of the time as well. It also talks about the special concerns when it comes to cyberbullying cases. Such as how it can be persistent, permanent, and or hand to notice.

What it proves:This provides some background information as to what cyberbullying is and how it happens online.

6. The Bully as Victim: Understanding Bully Behaviors to Increase the Effectiveness of Interventions in the Bully-Victim Dyad

The essential content of this article: “Bullies are well-versed in aggressive behaviors designed to obtain goals, and these lessons most often originate first in the home environment (Brody, 1996; Craig, Peters, & Konarski, 1998; Pepler & Sedighdel lami, 1998). Greenbaum et al.(1989), Hazier (1996a), and Oliver, Oaks, and Hoover (1994) noted many of the difficult characteristics encountered and learned by bullies in the home environment. The home situation of the bully is quite harsh (Craig et al., 1998; Espelage, Bosworth, Karageorge, & Daytner, 1996; Pepler & Sedighdellami, 1998). Hazier (1996a) is explicit: “[Humans] are most vulnerable to learning appropriate behaviors when they are very young. The vast majority of what [bullies] see and hear … is from their family” (p. 34). Punishment is often capricious and physical. Minor infractions may bring violent verbal, emotional, or physical overreactions from one or both parents, after which the child is often ignored for long stretches of time. Praise, encouragement, and humor are rare in the life of the bully. Put-downs, sarcasm, and criticism are more the rule than the exception (Greenbaum et al., 1989). Parents exhibit little in the way of positive role modeling behaviors. Bullies are seldom monitored for their whereabouts or activities (Roberts, 1988) or disciplined for antisocial behaviors. Out of this home environment emerges a personality steeped in the belief and justification that intimidation and brute force are ways to interact with the obstacles encountered in life. Indeed, the parents of bullies often support their children’s behavior as “‘standing up’ for oneself” (Ross, 1996, p. 73). Additionally, bullies empower themselves through aggression toward others”

What this proves: This proves that bullies first experience these behaviors from their home environment and that their parents often don’t see their children as bullies, so they don’t discipline their children for acting this way usually. Children are vulnerable at at young age to what they see and hear and often end up acting the way they see their parents behave or how their parents treat them is how they treat others.

7. Bully/victim problems in school: Facts and intervention

The essential content of this article: “1. The basic emotional attitude of the primary caretaker(s) toward the child during early years (usually the mother). A negative emotional attitude, characterized by lack of warmth and involvement, increases the risk that the child will later become aggressive and hostile toward others. 2. Permissiveness for aggressive behaviour by the child. If the primary caretaker is generally permissive and “tolerant” without setting clear limits to aggressive behaviour towards peers, siblings, and adults, the child’s aggression level is likely to increase. 3. Use of power-assertive child-rearing methods such as physical punishment and violent emotional outbursts. Children of parents who make frequent use of these methods are likely to become more aggressive than the average child. In other words, “violence begets violence”

8. Bullying and Being Bullied: To What extent are Bullies also Victims?

The essential content of this article: “concluded that bullies come from families where parents are authoritarian, hostile, and rejecting, have poor problem-solving skills, and advocate fighting-back at the least provocation. Bullies have aggressive behavior histories, and they often take advantage of their physical strength (Olweus, 1991b). There are no significant socioeconomic differences among bullies. Bullies do not have low self-esteem as many educators expect (Rigby & Slee, 1991), and bullying behaviors are not a result of academic failure in school (Olweus, 1991a, 1993, 1994; Rigby & Slee, 1991). Bullying in school varies with grade levels (Whitney & Smith, 1993), but researchers are divided in their findings. Bran white (1994) reported more incidents of bullying in secondary school than in elementary school. On the other hand, some researchers suggest that the percentage of students being bullied decreases significantly with age or grade, although the decline in rate is less substantial during junior and senior”

What it proves: This proves that children who bully other children tend to have a hard life at home and a different upbringing than those of children who don’t bully other students.

9. The Issues of Child Abuse 

The essential content of this article: This article provides the different types of abuse children experience and how children react to such abuse.

What it proves: That children experience many different types of abuse at home and it can negatively effect their behavior and emotions towards others.

10. Violence in the home leads to higher rates of childhood bullying

The essential content of this article: A study conducted to see whether or not children who are exposed to violence within their home are more prone to bullying behaviors.

What it proves: This article shows that being exposed to violence within a home does not necessarily make children grow up to bully.

11. Raising Our Children to Be Resilient: A Guide to Helping Children Cope with Trauma in Today’s World 

The essential content of this article: This article discusses grief and trauma and the impact it has on children and how to work with kids and trauma within home, school and the community. Traumatized kids feel powerless, hopeless, and helpless.  Children often respond to a traumatic event with fear, terror and extreme vulnerability. Trauma can create distorted perceptions of self in children, commonly produces angry and combative reactions and overriding feeling of terror. When experiencing trauma teenagers may withdraw, bully or resort to drugs and violence  in order to cope.

What it proves: This article provides valuable information on how bullying tendencies could indeed start at home.

Topics for Smaller Paper

1. How Much Time Do People Spend on Social Media

The essential content of this article: This article discusses how much time the average person spends on social media daily and added up to see how many years it equals up to. The article also discusses each top social media and how much time the average person spends a day on each one of these platforms.

What it proves: It proves that social media is very popular and many people use it even more often than we think the average person uses it.

2. 6 Reasons Why Social Networking is Popular Nowadays

The essential content of this article: This article lists the top six reasons to why social media is popular in this day and age. It gives you an opportunity to meet new people,they are user friendly, they are free, they have a job marker, they allow businesses to reach out to potential customers,and they allow you to join groups.


One thought on “White Paper 3 – Dancers”

  1. I apologize that this was handed in late I tried to publish it last night but it seemed to fail. It’s no excuse I was just letting you know.


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