Annotated Bibliography – thebeard

1. Donaldson, L., Li, B., & Cusimano, M. D. (2014). Economic burden of time lost due to injury in NHL hockey players. Injury Prevention, 20(5), 347.

Background: This article discusses the different injuries that happened within a span of three seasons. It talks about statistics on what type of injuries occur more often and also how much these injuries cost teams when players miss games. It says that about 63% of NHL players missed at least one game within the span of 2009-2012 seasons.

How I used it: I used this article to explain what type of injuries occur more often and how often they occur. I also used it to show that when players get injured it costs the teams they play for a lot of money.

2. Fitzpatrick, Jamie. “History of Hockey Fights.” ThoughtCo, 18 Mar. 2017,

Background: This article talks about the early days of ice hockey and how the game was so physical and it appealed to spectators. It also talks about the “Original Six” era where fighting was established as an ordinary part of a NHL game.

How I used it: I used this article to describe what the NHL started like and how fighting became a huge part of the sport. I also talked about how there are players that are meant to go out on the ice and be an enforcer and intimidate other players. These type of players are meant to fight and pump up their own team and possibly the crowd.

3. Maggio, Andrew. “Top 10 Reasons Why the NHL Needs to Keep Fighting in the Game.”TheSportster, 20 Nov. 2014

Background: This article talks about different ways that the NHL need to keep fighting and how much it helps the game. It talks about how unique fighting is to the sport and how it is a way for players to stick up for themselves.

How I used it: I used this article’s information to show all the things that fighting does for the game and how it would be different if there wasn’t any fighting. I talked about how odd it would be to go to a hockey game and not really see any fighting if a star player was to get injured or someone hit them.

4. Vollman, Rob. “Ranking the 10 Most Durable Players in the NHL.” Bleacher Report, Bleacher Report, 12 Apr. 2017,

Background: This article describe some of the most durable players to play in the NHL and how many games they have played in their careers. It talks about some players that are on the iron man list with different amount of consecutive games played.

How I used it: I used this article’s information to talk about how tough some players are and how certain players can play so many consecutive games. I also used it to show tough some players are that they can play with injuries.

5. Kuc, Chris. “Why Is Fighting Vanishing from the NHL?”, 8 Feb. 2016,

Background: This article talks about how fighting has decreased in the last several years and how there is not much of and enforcer role anymore. It also talks about how much harder it is to find a fight these days and how often fights actually occur during the last so many seasons.

How I used it: I used this article’s information to talk about how the enforcer role is starting to disappear and talked about the last big enforcer in the game. The game has become so much more competitive these days that many teams don’t have an enforcer or a whole line that would go on the ice to challenge the other teams top line and stop them.

6. Wawrow, John. “Tie Domi Concerned about Lack of NHL Enforcers.” CBCnews, CBC/Radio Canada, 7 Jan. 2017

Background: This article is about one of the greatest enforcers to play the game and how he feels it has changed so much since when he played and now his son is playing. There is no one to hold people accountable on the ice anymore for what they do.

How I used it: I used this article to show what a former enforcer feels the game has really turned into and how he is concerned for his own sons safety because there is no one to really go out on the ice just to fight someone or to make players pay for a big hit on a top player.

7. Alberstadt, Ben. “The 10 Greatest Enforcers in NHL History.” TheRichest, 1 Jan. 1970

Background: This article is about some of the toughest enforcers to every play the game of hockey. It talks about how enforcers are players who can skate a little bit, will maybe pop in a goal or two, but are there primarily to protect his teammates from the other team’s goon.

How I used it: I used this article to talk about two of the more know enforcers, that I know at least. I talked about Dave “The Hammer” Schultz and how he had so many penalty minutes in his career and Dave “Tiger” Williams and how he wrote a cooking book.

8. Caplan, Arthur. “Why Hockey Should Ban Fighting.” Forbes, Forbes Magazine, 7 Mar. 2016,

Background: This article talks about players such as Robert Frid who has had countless concussions and how it has affected his life in the worst way possible. The sad thing is that he isn’t the only person that this has happened to. Many former and current players have dealt with depression, pain, and brain damage.

How I used it: I used it to show that fighting can be a bad thing and how much it can effect people.

9. Krieger, Ben. “Death of the Enforcer: 4 Reasons Why Fighting In Hockey Should Be Banned.Medium, Medium, 26 Apr. 2016

Background: This article talks about why fighting should be banned and how much it doesn’t help the NHL or its fans. The NHL is the only professional hockey league that allows fighting, it also talks about how fighting may lead to traumatic brain injuries. The article also mentions that fighting does not actually affect attendance.

How I used it: I used this article to show that no other hockey league, aside from the NHL and some of its subsidiaries, allow fighting. I also showed that fighting has decreased over the last two decades and attendance has actually increased, which means that despite fans still love watching the game live don’t care as much about seeing fights anymore but really just a good hockey game.

10. Strang, Katie. “Catching up with Enforcers in Exile.” ESPN, ESPN Internet Ventures, 26 Dec. 2014

Background: This article is about how the enforcer role has basically disappeared in the NHL and how all of those players are losing jobs if they are not adapting to the current way the game is played. Players have been sent down to the minors or not resigned because they are not needed anymore on a NHL team because you can’t intimidate players anymore with your fists.

How I used it: I used this article to show that players such as George Parros lost his job because the game adapted to not have fighting in it as often, but that was what he was on a team for. I also used it to show that they Flyers can’t be the bullies in the league anymore if no one is afraid of you when you drop the gloves. You need to scare the other teams with skill in the current state of the NHL.

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