- Examine.com. “Creatine Supplement – Unbiased Review on Usage, Dosage, Side Effects.” Examine.com, Examine.com, 4 July 2017.
Essential Content of this Article: Gives the reader an overall background of what the supplement is and in what doses it should be taken. Also informs the reader on many effects good or bad the supplement may have on one’s health. It even has an informative sort of FAQ on what is commonly asked about creatine, and provides answers to many questions people may have.
How I Used It: I used this to prove that creatine in numerous studies increases power output generated by the muscles and adds on body weight. Also included in my research paper several notable quotes from the lead researcher to back up my argument. This article provided many positives and negatives regarding the supplement I added to my paper.
- “Creatine: What It Is, What It Does, and Its Side Effects.” Men’s Health, Men’sHealth, 25 Aug. 2016.
Essential Content of this Article: Discusses that by using creatine you will most prominently notice weight gain. Creatine puts on a lot of water weight right of the bat. Studies show that muscle fibers will grow when supplementing creatine, only if the energy is used(going to gym, playing sports,etc). Also explains the effects of creatine on your kidneys.
How I Used It: This article provided a view for my paper with some more negative evidence facing creatine. Some of the negative evidence found within the article include kidney damage, an increase in DHT levels, and dehydration. I used this in my rebuttal and it was later on used to strengthen my research paper.
- “Creatine.” University of Maryland Medical Center, University of Maryland Medical Center, 11 Nov 2017.
Essential Content of this Article: Scientifically gives the definition of creatine and reveals its a naturally-occuring amino acid found in meat. Reveals the effects of uses in certain age groups, and is not verified for kids younger than 19 years of age. There are also reports of high blood pressure under the precautions of use.
How I Used It: This study provided some more facts and knowledge to my paper about how the supplement works and its side effects. Greatly used in my definition argument to help define what exactly creatine is and does. It strengthened the sections on defining creatine as a whole.
- Durkin, Todd. “Creatine and Young Athletes: Yes or No?” Todd Durkin, Todd Durkin Enterprises, 22 Sept. 2010.
Essential Content of this Article: Discusses the misconceptions amongst people who know little about the supplement and just express their own concerns. Reviews what is necessary for athletes to optimally use the supplement. Expresses the opinions of one individual, an director of athletic performance at Quest 10, a gym in San Diego, CA.
How I Used It: This article provided evidence that some people oppose creatine. It also provided a view to my paper that was not particularly in favor of creatine, and brought up several good points to add to my rebuttal. It helped strengthen the rebuttal and provide insight as to why there are concerns surrounding creatine.
- “CREATINE: Uses, Side Effects, Interactions and Warnings.” WebMD, WebMD, 11 Nov 2017.
Essential Content of this Article: Explains that creatine is excellent for athletes and young adults. This article also explores some of the many side effects creatine has, some good and some bad. Professional sports will continue to not ban creatine from being taken by athletes as there isn’t any evidence of it being harmful. There are also minor effects/ effects with not enough evidence backing it listed in the article. Also provides insight on how it can be helpful to people with certain disabilities/ health problems.
How I Used It: I used this article to show how the NCAA banned creatine from being handed out to athletes. This article revealed that athletes can take the supplement on their own, but coaches are not allowed to recommend or hand it out to athletes. I also used this evidence to back up that creatine is indeed more controversial in sports. This article also provides that creatine has other benefits and negative effects, that I mentioned in my paper.
- van, J, et al. “Three Weeks of Creatine Monohydrate Supplementation.” Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine : Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine., U.S. National Library of Medicine, 19 Sept. 2009.
Essential Content of this Article: A solid study taking rugby players and giving them creatine over three weeks. The athletes are studied, some given 25g/creatine and 25/g glucose and others given 50g/ glucose placebo. Androgens were measured to determine any increases in Serum T and DHT levels. It also concluded the concern of taking creatine and whether or not it is safe.
How I Used It: This was a solid statistic to add to my paper. The data revealed that creatine does affect DHT levels and can be argued as a serious issue. This study also concluded the risks of taking creatine found with these results, which was helpful to add to my rebuttal and causal argument.
- Francaux, M, and J R Poortmans. “Side Effects of Creatine Supplementation in Athletes.”International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance., U.S. National Library of Medicine, 1 Dec. 2006.
Essential Content of this Article: The goal of this study was to find all the side effects surrounding creatine. The study revealed the amount of body mass added on to the body that was muscle mass or fat-free mass was about 1-2.3%. It also revealed cases why creatine shouldn’t be taken and when creatine is allowed to be taken. The study analyzed the psychological effects of creatine on the body, and then concluded the data.
How I Used It: This study looked at all the side effects in creatine and provided the realistic danger of the supplement. This study overall concluded there was no major risks, and this was used to help strengthen my argument. This provided realistic issues/benefits people can get from creatine to my paper.
- Ganguly S, et al. “Creatine.” MedlinePlus Supplements, Medline Plus, 14 Mar. 2017.
Essential Content of this Article: Describes what creatine is and how it should be used. Explores the effective/ineffectiveness of the supplement and how it works. How it mixes with other supplements and safety concerns are also mentioned in the article. This article looked over the negatives and which negatives had enough evidence to conclude as an issue.
How I Used It: Found other evidence on how creatine is effective to add to my article. The article provides information on how creatine should be taken, this was added to my argument to help determine a safe dosage. I also found a few more negative effects to add to my rebuttal.
- Adhihetty PJ, et al. “Overview.” Penn State Hershey Health Information Library, Penn State Hershey, 1 Jan. 2017.
Essential Content of this Article: Provides a brief description of creatine. Also provides the many benefits of creatine and even some ways that creatine can cure certain diseases/illnesses. The article gives an informative list of the ways creatine can be effective to athletes/bodybuilders. It also explores precautions surrounding creatine and how it should be taken.
How I Used It: I found out that creatine has the ability to help others with certain illnesses, and added that to my argument. I also looked at the precautions and the side effects and included that into my paper.
- Cooper, Robert, et al. “Creatine Supplementation with Specific View to Exercise/Sports Performance: an Update.” Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition, BioMed Central, 20 July 2012.
Essential Content of this Article: Explains how creatine works and that it is naturally produced in our bodies. This article also provides the science behind it, and more information about how it is made up chemically. It also explores the effects of creatine in certain cases(Skeletal Muscular Hypertrophy, Aerobic/Anaerobic exercise, etc).
How I Used It: I used this information in my paper to show how creatine affects the body in many different ways. I used this article to give a more in-depth explanation of how creatine works. I also used this article to describe how creatine affects aerobic/anaerobic exercise. This provided both good and bad sides to my argument.