Annotated Bibliography – collegegirl

  1. Hopkinson, Natalie. “Let’s Create Urban Policy for the Families We Have, Not the Families We Wish We Had.” Slate Magazine, 8 May 2015. Web.

Background: This article discusses how boys fates not only belong in the hands of their father’s, but their mother’s too! It also speaks upon gender equity and how young black females have higher academic acheivements than young black males.

How I Used It: This article helped me come to realization that mother’s are indeed important factor when it comes to raising the youth. Black mothers lead 53 percent of their families. The study highlights that no policy is actually effective unless it comes to grips with our present day circumstances, which is including young girls of color in the movement.

2. Butler, Paul. “Opinion: Why Did President Obama Leave out the Girls?” CNN, Cable News Network, 18 June 2014. Web.

Background: This article shows women who wrote letters to Obama urging him to not only help the brothers of the communities, but the sisters too! It again, tells the reader that the MBK movement is exclusively for males and how it should open up doors for the other gender as well.

How I Used It: I used this article to argue the fact that our young girls need guidance and help as much as of young black males do. In order to have successful movements and not have people against it, is to not make it gender bias or race-based.

3. Parham, Jason. “My Brother’s Keeper Pushes On As Reality For Black Men Remains In Peril.” The FADER, The FADER, 8 Nov. 2017. Web

Background: This article gives readers a real life example of a trouble black male who committed suicide because he wasn’t getting the guidance and support he needed. The article then goes on to proving statistics in the black communities.

How I Used It: Since the movement began in 2014, MBK has done many things for the young black males in the community. For example, the homicide rate in Compton dropped by 64%, it sparked employment for 10,000 young men and empowered incarcerated men to pursue postsecondary education and workforce training. I will use this article to illustrate that, yes, the MBK movement is in fact good, never said it was bad.

4. Grover, Sean. “Boys Without Fathers: 3 Myths, 3 Miracles.” Psychology Today, Sussex Publishers, 4 June 2016,

Background: Author Sean Grover explains the struggles that young males go through when they don’t grow up with father figures or male influences.

How I Used It: I used this source to explain how young males who grow up with absentee fathers can cause them to be angry and have signs of depression.


5. Obama, Michelle. “Michelle Obama: This Issue Is Personal for Me.” CNN, Cable News Network, 13 Oct. 2016,

Background: This article explains how Michelle Obama finds it important for girls to get an education in every country.

How I Used It: I used this source to show how Michelle Obama cares about the education that young girls get and need to have in order to have a successful future showing that she is a positive female influencer.

6. “The Academy.” The Academy | OWLAG,

Background: This is the webpage to Oprah Winfrey’s Academy for Girls in South Africa.

How It Is Used: I will use this source to prove how Oprah’s previous engagement in young girls proves that she will be a positive candidate to team along with Gabrielle Union and Michelle Obama for guidance in young black females.

7. Perry, Imani. “The New York Times Company.” The New York Times, The New York Times,

Background: The article explains how the movement is a response to social reality. The article also provides me with the comments that people made around the world regarding this issue.

How I Used It: I used the article to quote what people actually said and their reactions toward the MBK movement.

9. “Building on What Works With My Brother’s Keeper.” National Archives and Records Administration, National Archives and Records Administration. Web.

Background: People around the world and in different communities showing and telling the readers what they have done to help and impact the lives of young men of color.

How I used it: Proving that MBK is not a bad thing or movement, it just shouldn’t be exclusive to only boys.

10. Xhercis Méndez; Which Black Lives Matter?Gender, State-Sanctioned Violence, and “My Brother’s Keeper”Radical History Review 1 October 2016; 2016 (126): 96–105. doi:

Background: The article examines how Black Lives Matter began and how the MBK movement began.

How I Used It: Trayvon Martin was the start to the movements. I explained this in my paper.




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