Annotated Bibliography- wvuhockey

1. Limited, King Brand Healthcare Products®. “Professional MCL Injury Treatment.” MCL Injury Treatment. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Dec. 2016.

Background: This article explains the necessary therapeutic requirements that coincide with MCL and ACL strains and tears. It also tells us what happens when you tear one of these major ligaments.

How I used it: I used this article to help better elaborate the importance of the rehabilitation process that goes along with an ACL and MCL injury.

2. “Tommy John Surgery (UCL Reconstruction) and Recovery.” WebMD. WebMD, n.d. Web. 29 Nov. 2016.

Background: Thoroughly explaining the common Tommy John injury in baseball, pitchers can see what is actually happening to their elbow ligaments.

How I used it: I used this to educate the reader about the most common injury in baseball. Many players are familiar with the Tommy John injury but are not exactly sure what all it entails. I want to familiarize interested players so they know how to fix the injury

3. “What Is a Mild Concussion?” Reference. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Nov. 2016.

Background: Concussions are the most dangerous injury associated with contact sports. A concussion is a contusion on the brain which impairs your thinking and motor skills. They are caused when the brain rattles around and strikes the inside of the skull. The harder it hits, the worse the concussion will be.

How I used it: Players need to know how serious concussions are and how they can be treated. As well as knowing how to treat them, they also need to be aware of how to prevent them with safer equipment and more knowledge about the rules of the games.

4. Shoulder, 1_Sudden Onset2_Sprains2_Top of. “AC Joint Separation | AC Joint Sprain – Symptoms, Treatment and Rehabilitation.” AC Joint Sprain – Symptoms, Treatment and Rehabilitation. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Nov. 2016.

Background: The most common injury in contact sports is none other than the AC joint separation in the shoulder. This injury is not as serious as others because all it takes is rest to heal it but it is extremely painful. If not treated properly, surgery will be required to fix the damaged ligaments.

How I used it: Due to my personal experience with this injury I felt that it was necessary to elaborate on the healing time required for this injury. If I was more knowledgeable about this injury at the time, I wouldn’t have had to stop playing. Knowing about your injury Is half of the battle so thats why I harped on this section so much.

5. “2016 Rules Changes and Points of Emphasis.” 2016 Rules Changes and Points of Emphasis | NFL Football Operations. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Dec. 2016.

Background: The NFL is scared that if they make the game safer, they will lose some of their audience. They have come up with a way to keep the players safer while keeping the attention of the audience by enforcing the penalties to cheap shots and dangerous hits.

How I used it: Explaining the new rules and penalties is the best way to inform people of the “new” NFL. The NFL website had some great articles explaining in detail about what we can expect from the game we all love this year.

6. Casebook.” USA Hockey Officiating Rulebook Mobile Site. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Nov. 2016.

Background: USA Hockey is making some serious changes to the game due to the fact of so many injuries to players. Injuries in youth hockey are affecting athletes for the rest of their lives. If they are lucky enough to make it to a high level, there is no doubt about it that their bodies have taken a toll.

How I used it:I tied my personal experience in with research from the USA Hockey website to explain the new penalties to hits from behind as well as other cheap shots that are known to cause serious injuries to hockey players.

7. “forty Percent of Former NFL Players Suffer from Brain Injuries, New Study Shows.” The Washington Post. WP Company, n.d. Web. 06 Dec. 2016.

Background: Brain disorders from retired NFL players is a recently discovered epidemic. Back in the day, there were no regulations on hits. The harder the hit, the more the fans loved it so nobody cared about the wellbeing of the payers… not even the players cared. Now that retired players are dying at a young age, and the ones that are still living are not healthy. It was time for a change no matter what the fans thought.

How I used it: There are many stories about players who are sick from the game of football. Their families are affected because they act out harshly. It isn’t their fault. Anybody who receives that many blows to the head are going to have side affects. Many people are oblivious to this but if you dig a little deeper the truth about the game will come spilling out.

8. Evidence of CTE Found in Lew Carpenter’s Brain.” ESPN.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2016.

Background: Lew Carpenter is an older player who had his brain donated to science after he passed away. His brain shows many serious side affects of what the game of football has really done to him.

How I used it: Lew among many others were diagnosed with CTE. Unfortunately for Lew, modern medicine was not around during his hay day. By the time they found out about his illness it was too late.

9. HodgesCorrespondent, Jim. “Admirals’ Calabrese Glad to Be Alive after Vicious Hit Broke His Neck, Spine.” Virginian-Pilot. N.p., 06 Dec. 2016. Web. 09 Dec. 2016.

Background: Anthony Calabrese is a very talented hockey player playing in the ECHL professional league. On thanksgiving he was pushed from behind into the boards and broke his neck and back. The video is quite horrific. This just goes to show how dangerous the sport really is.

How I used it: Usually if an incident like this occurs, you will only hear about it if it happened to a NHL player but this story needs to be heard. This tragedy goes to show how the new penalties are currently in affect. The guilty player who caused the injury is receiving extremely serious penalties and fines.

10. National Institutes of Health. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, n.d. Web. 09 Dec. 2016.

Background: You will find detailed explanations about different types of common sports injuries and the difference between them. You will see what ones are most common and which ones are most dangerous long term.

How I used it: To explain the differences between different types of injuries and what Injuries you can expect from different sports.

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